Something that I think might be useful to share in this Research Phase is some different schools of thought that we can think of when creating a Circular Economy.
1) Creating Shared Value (CSV):
This concept, pioneered by Michael E. Porter (mostly recognized for the Porter's Five Forces analysis), is essentially a business strategy that gives companies a way to view social problems as opportunities. By balancing social needs, corporate assets, and business opportunities, CSV can create an incentive for companies to create "real change on monumental social problems".
In short, biomimicry is "Innovation inspired by nature". If we think about it, nature has spent almost 3.8 billion years in developing a 100% sustainable ecosystem that does not produce waste and is not harmful for the environment. Nature has no traffic jams, waste landfills, or overproduction. Asking "what can we learn from nature?" or "how would nature solve this?" would be a wise approach to this Challenge. It is important to understand that a sustainable world already exists, the answers to the question, "how to live more sustainable?", are found in nature.
3) Cradle to Cradle (C2C):
C2C is a concept that was developed by William McDonough and Michael Braungart, that is a biomimetic approach to the design of products and systems. The reason why there is so much plastic waste is because it is near to impossible for nature to break down something that it isn't created by nature. The essence of this model is that it asks "how can waste be food?". Just like one animal's feces is another animal's source of nutrients, C2C challenges us to think about how our waste can be of value to something or someone else. A radical and somewhat non-related example is how shelter dogs are paired with inmates to be part of Progressive Programs. In this example dog, viewed as a societal waste (rescued from high-kill shelters), are of tremendous value to imprisoned people whose need was to rehabilitate. Another way to use C2C is by referring to what the video says about making ALL materials belong in a continuous cycle for either proper dissembling or re-use.