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Proposal for Distribution of Two-Brick Super Clean Stoves to poor Rural Homesteads of Uganda to Reduce on Chronic Exposure to Smoke.

Widespread distribution of efficient Two-Bricks Super Clean Cooking Rocket Stoves to 36000 poor rural homesteads of Uganda in 3 years.

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Explain your project idea (2,000 characters)

Widespread distribution of efficient Two-Bricks Super Clean Cooking Rocket Stoves (2BSCROST) to 36,000 poor homesteads in rural, suburban and, urban slum communities to reduce deforestation, environment pollution, chronic exposure to smoke which leads to health risks, lower on fuel expenses incurred while cooking on traditional stoves. The stove consists of two or more bricks made out of pure dense clay mixed with saw-dust at a ratio of 1:1; minimally 25 cm x 25 cm square x 12 cm high, with a center chimney a diameter of 15 cm (6 inc) that connects both bricks in perfect alignment. This chimney directs the turbulent fire and heat up-ward to-ward the saucepan thus providing concentrated heat required for quick cooking vastly reducing on the amount of firewood used. The bottom brick can have 2 air holes 2 cm each in the sides to allow in air for combustion process. A wedge is cut in the front of the bottom brick to create a firewood hole to the fire chamber. The wedge cutout is used to control the amount of air flowing through it to the stove fire chamber underneath the firewood when a re bar is inserted that suspends the firewood for efficient burning. On the top brick, 4 pot rests are placed about 4 cm width x 6 cm height x 10 cm length on which the saucepan or pot rests while cooking. The bricks can be burnt in a kiln before or used raw. This project is technically introducing communities to new positive environmental behaviors aimed at reducing tree cutting for fuel and the associated attitude of burning much firewood in the traditional stoves and bringing about a gradual and steady adaptation of the clean, cost effective and economically sustainable stoves technologies. This model freely distributed to women is staged to create an opportunity for women to try out the new technology in comparison with the traditional one to enable them fully participate in turning the stove into a business model.

Who are the beneficiaries? (1,000 characters)

Our direct beneficiaries are women, children, youths, poor rural families and urban slum dwellers from marginalized low resource settings in Mukono, Buyikwe (Central), Karamoja, Bududa, Mayuge (Eastern), Gulu, West Nile (Northern), Kabale, Nakasongola, and Mbarara (Western) districts of Uganda. These districts are our pilot centers accross the country. This proposed project seeks to usher these vulnerable communities from extreme environmental hazards and poverty through awareness generation, capacity building, enterprise development and market linkages. This project is owned and run by the respective beneficiary community who in future may turn the stove into a business product and extend it to their respective neighboring districts. Indirect beneficiaries are the National Forestry Authority and, the government of Uganda. The prototyping and testing were done in Bunakijja Mukono, and other districts mentioned are for project scaling.

How is your idea unique? (1,000 characters)

Our idea’s uniqueness is in the creation and distribution model which uses a down up approach where the target consumer is a key player in the creation of the product an important aspect in project sustainability; the openness of the stoves development content and in languages understood by respective target communities makes our idea easy to replicate thus enhancing production and distribution. Further, the saw-dust used in making the stove when burnt out leaves air spores in the inner walls holding the air which acts as an insulator against heat loss making the stove more efficient than other stoves. The re bars are another unique feature which suspends firewood allowing air to efficiently burn underneath the wood. The stove is easily adjustable to a two burner stove using normal bricks. Refer to the attached graphic burner usage manual. And more over our idea is very cost effective. These unique qualities give our design a competitive advantage over other clean stoves models.

Idea Proposal Stage (choose one)

  • Prototype: I have done some small tests or experiments with prospective users to continue developing the idea.

Tell us more about your organization/company (1 sentence and website URL)

YITEDEV is a community youth driven, organization dedicated to deliver inclusive, innovative, sustainable programs and services to support the use of sustainable technology for the well being of our communities, a human service that identifies the approach of effective means to involve communities in developmental innovations, committed to developing human potential through day to day applied methods, active hands on learning for socio-economic development. Blog: http://www.yitug.wordpress.com

Expertise in sector

  • 7+ years

Organization Filing Status

  • Yes, we are a registered company.

In 3-4 sentences, tell us the inspiration or story that encouraged you to start this project.

Inside a smoke-filled hut, Jane Rose Kataihe, in her late 50s struggles to blow into the fireplace to fan the flames. Amidst bouts of coughing, she chokes on the smoke and her eyes turn teary. In the adjacent room, Kataihe’s two granddaughters sit, rubbing their eyes. “Kaaka! (grandma) Our eyes hurt, the smoke is too much!” one of them, a four-year-old, complains. Air pollution is an issue neglected by people. https://www.newvision.co.ug/new_vision/news/1462514/uganda-pollution-challenge

Please explain how your selected topic areas are influenced, in the local context of your project (1,000 characters).

The prosperity of the people of Bunakijja, Mukono district has been tremendously hampered by lack of basic training on socio-economic development and sensitization on income generating activities. Majority of the people are subsistence farmers who have been adversely affected by the changing climate,hailstones,fall army worm, and other pests and diseases which has hurt the agricultural community. The planet has been impacted by deforestation which the communities do for an income either by burning charcoal, cutting timber, and or firewood for cooking fuel. This has caused varying unpredictable seasons affecting crop yield projections bringing untold famine to the communities. The communities struggle to cater for their families in providing for basic needs. Majority of the youths are either fishers or brick layers or doing casual labors for an income. Poverty is biting hard. There is therefore, a need to restore the planet through environmentally sustainable practices.

Who will work alongside your organization in the project idea? (1,000 characters)

YITEDEV collaborated with sun24 in early January. Sun24 provided the design models, facilitated testing prototype, carrying out surveys to identify user needs; develop initial user proposition and co-developing core technologies with YITEDEV. This said technologies are open source, no patent. Anyone can use, develop, improve and customize the content. We developed synergies with Mukono NGO forum with a wide network of over 200 local NGOs; Kikandwa Rural Development Organization (KIRUCODO) who has provided YITEDEV with the second project site in Mukono town; Youths in Creativity whose young women we supplied stoves, the community and administrative leaders of Bunakijja the project catchment area, who jointly worked with us in project planning, implementation and, mobilization of communities for distribution of the stoves. We established strong relationships with international organizations such as GFAR, CTA, GODAN, HIFER etc. YITEDEV looks to working with Bridgge Builders OpenIDEO.

Please share some of the top strengths identified in the community which your project will serve (500 characters)

The proposed project community is located on the shores of lake Victoria near Katosi landing site; densely populated with most youths without jobs except a few who can go fishing, brick laying and sand mining to earn a living. This community is full of human resource capital, and the best clay for stoves compared to other areas. Being on lakeside makes its more convenient for stoves production due to availability of water. Due to high population, it is easy to mobilize and distribute the stoves.

Geographic Focus

The primary target audience are the rural, suburban and slum communities of ten districts in Uganda.

How many months are required for the project idea? (500 characters)

This proposed project will be implement during 36 months and monitoring activities will be conducted to ensure harmonious coordination of the project, its operation and proper implementation. This will bring out important information upon which decisions are sought and made. Monitoring activities will be conducted on monthly basis. Evaluation will help the project to assess the extent to which implementation is meeting the set objectives.

Did you submit this idea to our 2017 BridgeBuilder Challenge? (Y/N)

  • No

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According to the World Health Organization, the indoor air pollution produced by biomass fuels kills almost two million people every year. More than half of those are children under the age of five. In sub-Saharan Africa more than 90% of people rely on biomass to meet their domestic energy demands. Respiratory symptoms and reduced lung function are more pronounced among women using wood as cooking fuel on traditional cooking stoves. The scale of this problem has motivated a range of governments and aid donors to develop and promote alternatives over the past four decades, but many of the initiatives failed to be sustained.
Women in Uganda face similar problems as they tend to use biomass for cooking, heating and lighting. The communities also have significantly higher rates of deforestation which further enhances climate change. Owing to the high cooking related incidences, there is a need to develop a solution to help women get rid of such problems and are made aware of the health risks caused by using traditional cook stoves and are empowered through sensitization, training, and capacity building. Youths in Technology and Development (YITEDEV) is uniquely positioned to carry out the stated activities for the implementation of the proposed project. Together we can build a super clean cooking environment for women.

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