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New Alternative of income for traditionally fishermen provided by the Sea.

Study the feasibility and profitability of biofuel production from algae and job opportunities for Fisherwomen.

Photo of Jb Thierry
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Explain your project idea (2,000 characters)

Climate change is now a common concern for humankind. Dramatic climate change and extreme weather events are already affecting millions of people around the world, damaging crops and coastlines and threatening water security.
This is intended to research the feasibility of producing biodiesel from microscopic algae in the South West Region of Madagascar and more precisely in the city of Toliara. This project is in line with the policy, defined in 2004, aims to ensure sufficient energy supply, better quality and lower cost. It is part of the Government of Madagascar's efforts to reduce poverty and achieve a substantial degree of economic growth.
The major technologies presently employed for biofuels begin with terrestrial plants and culminate with ethanol, whether this is corn starch to sugar to ethanol, or sugarcane sugars to ethanol. These strategies are functional at the small scale; however, as their use has increased, it is evident that they are not sustainable, owing to the enormous amount of agricultural land that would be required to supplant a significant fraction of petroleum using this strategy.
 Evidence of recent declines of fishery resources, especially species of high value, such as shrimp, sharks and sea cucumbers, has been documented (Le Manach et al., 2012;Anderson et al., 2011), and most of the small-scale coastal fisheries in Madagascar are considered unsustainable. This is largely due to overharvesting and destructive fishing practices (Brenier, Ferraris and Mahafina, 2011;Le Manach, 2012;Robinson and Sauer, 2013). Management actions in Madagascar have primarily focused around community-based fishery management strategies.
Majority of people who will be employed are fishermen, especially women because they glean octopus as occupation and giving them other alternative will be empowering these women and the family because the income fisherwomen receive serve to send their children at school and to take care of their health.

Who are the beneficiaries? (1,000 characters)

The majority of octopus fishermen along the southwest coast of Madagascar are women. They fish the octopus during neap tide. That means they go fishing only 15 days a month. Revenues are affected by different reasons. The decline in resources, fishing is not as good as before. This activity no longer supports the family.
The woman is the one who manages the family budget for daily needs like buying food, sending the children to school and paying for the costs of medial care.This project will have a stable monthly income as the majority of employees will see women who live on traditional fishing.
This project will have a double impact, reduce the rate of the Carbon dioxyde in the nature and increase the prosperity of fisherwomen. Ensuring prosperity for these women in order to make them more independent and as we know women hold the key to the education of the future generation and to develop a country requires a generation of educated people.

How is your idea unique? (1,000 characters)

In Toliara, there are few initiatives that target fishermen. Because of the beach scene and bad fishing practices, most of the coral is destroyed and there is no more octopus. Fishermen are forced to go far to fish.
The CPU is weak because they are forced to go out on average more than 6h of time to bring back a low stock of fish.
This project provides them with sufficient income for the amount of work they do and a stable income whatever the weather conditions.
This project mainly targets Vezo fishermen and focuses on women. Women are more serious in managing the family budget and are more responsible because they look after the family's need to pay for children's education and pay for medical care when needed.

Idea Proposal Stage (choose one)

  • Initial Design: I am exploring the idea, gathering the inspiration and information I need to test it with real users.

Tell us more about your organization/company (1 sentence and website URL)

Our company work in transportation and we freed an considerable amount of CO2 in nature. I had worked with Conservation marine organisation before and for a decade, fishermen has difficulty to make ends meet at the end of each month and especially when the weather is very bad, fishermen can not go out at sea with their canoes which reduce their income as they have a day-to-day lifestyle . I will not only be able to reduce dependence on fossil energies but help also fishermen to find alternative.

Expertise in sector

  • 3-5 years

Organization Filing Status

  • Yes, we are a registered company.

In 3-4 sentences, tell us the inspiration or story that encouraged you to start this project.

I come mainly from a family of fishermen Vezo. I was lucky enough to study. Our company works in transportation,we spend a lot of diesel and so we release a lot of pollutant. As a Biochemist,I have devoted myself to the search for a new source of bioenergy and therefore the use of microalgae in biodiesel is the solution.As a family of fishermen, I made an obligation to propose this alternative that could not only reduce the pressure on marine resources but also send fishermen'children to school.

Please explain how your selected topic areas are influenced, in the local context of your project (1,000 characters).

Climate change is now a common concern for humankind. Dramatic climate change and extreme weather events are already affecting millions of people around the world, Climate change is the greatest global threat to coral reef ecosystems. As temperatures rise, mass coral bleaching.
Over 75% of reef fish species declined in abundance, and 50% declined to less decline in coral cover due to global warming and associated coral bleaching.
The major technologies presently employed for biofuels begin with terrestrial plants and culminate with ethanol. The regional success of some of these strategies is well noted; in particular, the sugarcane-to-ethanol production. To a lesser degree, oils from terrestrial plants for example, soy and palm are used to produce biodiesel. These strategies are functional at the small scale; however, as their use has increased, it is evident that they are not sustainable owing to the enormous amount of agricultural land that would be required.

Who will work alongside your organization in the project idea? (1,000 characters)

We will work with several biochemists as well as physicists from the Polytechnic School of Madagascar and also from the University of Toliara. We will work closely with women's associations in the fishing community and help to organize recruiting participants.
I have worked before with a marine conservation organization and we work with the fishing community. This NGO co-manages the Velondriake Marine Protected Area in southwestern Madagascar. The Velondriake association participates in the management policy of the MPA as well as in improving the quality of life of the population living there. In our different programs we work to achieve gender equality between men and women and women's empowerment. We encourage women to participate much more in the functioning and development of the village by encouraging them to run in various elections and mainly in the management of the Velondriake association. In the last election of 2016, 46% of elected Velondriake committees are women.

Please share some of the top strengths identified in the community which your project will serve (500 characters)

There are young women motivated and ready to work if offer an opportunity and young fishermen who would like to change life if they find another stable opportunity. The population growth of fishing communities (around 2.7% per year, doubling every 26 years). Fishermen, for their part, readily recognize the scarcity of species once considered abundant.

Geographic Focus

Toliara, Madagascar, the Vezo community along the coast towards the southern part of Toliara.

How many months are required for the project idea? (500 characters)

The implementation of the project will be the first year and the production test will be the 2nd year and the field use of biodiesel by test cars.

Did you submit this idea to our 2017 BridgeBuilder Challenge? (Y/N)

  • No

9 comments

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Photo of Louise
Team

Great idea and great concept. We were looking into this for our activities as well (biomass-to-energy projects). One example is BFS, a spanish company doing this on a large scale (http://news.algaeworld.org/2016/08/the-story-behind-a-multi-million-algae-biofuel-project-in-spain/) but unfortunately they went bankrupt recently. Nevertheless I find it a very interesting case to study!

Photo of Jb Thierry
Team

Thanks for the Link @Louise , The major challenge would be the economic value of the Biofuel. In Madagascar the price of Fuel and gazoline are so high that it can be certainly a solution because consumer are ready to find a new alternative . The case of this company worth to study in case of large scale production in the future .

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