Bringing solar-powered water purification systems to Lake Turkana, Kenya
A patented technology that uses 100% solar power to purify any water source into clean drinking water
Explain your project idea (2,000 characters)
Sustainable access to clean water is the biggest challenge humanity faces, and it also underpins all other pillars of society. Desolenator has a patented technology that is optimised for distributed water distillation, powered 100% by solar energy. Our aim is to give end-users agency over purification, creating healthier populations and making available water resources safer.
We are implementing a project in Lake Turkana in Northern where over 1 million people depend on the Lake water. The current drinking water has Sodium, Fluoride and Nitrate levels 269%, 187% and 119% higher than World Health Organisation guidelines respectively, (see attachment of Desolenator's lab tests in December 2018). Additionally, climate change has reduced annual rainfall as the long rainy season is becoming shorter and drier, which will increase the concentrations found in the Lake).
We will deploy our technology to the region to purify the Lake water and make it compliant with WHO standards, using 100% solar power. Our technology is innovative for using both the thermal and electrical output from a single integrated PV panel, combined with a heat exchanger. We remineralise this distilled water within the device, and have units producing either 60 litres (for household) or 10,000 litres (for a community) each day.
Our technology is ideal for working in this region as they have no grid connections and the water sources are too complex for other technologies (for example Reverse Osmosis needs replaceable filters and Lifestraws can't filter contaminants from the water). Our project will make parts of the community ‘Water Independent’, by directly achieving clean water and utilising the Planet’s natural water resources. However we will also increase Prosperity by creating healthier populations able to attend school and engage in the local economy. We will also boost Peace in the region by reducing conflict between different tribal groups who rely on the same water source.
Who are the beneficiaries? (1,000 characters)
We will benefit the 3 main tribes who live around Lake Turkana (Turkana, El Molo and Samburu), by purifying the water they rely on. The water sources, already highly contaminated, are becoming increasingly concentrated due to unpredictable rainfall patterns and 2-3°C temperature rise in the past 45 years .
There are no purification processes, so residents drink the lake water with the result that they have teeth deformities , skeletal fluorosis and waterborne diseases (see photos taken by Desolenator in December 2017). Poor health reduces attendance in the local school, and farming capabilities of the nomadic pastorialists.
The burden of collecting water usually falls to the women and children, who have to walk several hours each day in search of less dirty water (and as a result miss out on an education or put themselves at risk of assault when far from home).
By working with the local school we will educate children and the wider community about clean water.
teeth mottling - caused by contaminants in the Lake
Skeletal fluorosis caused by drinking the Lake water
How is your idea unique? (1,000 characters)
The water contamination (mainly fluoride, sodium and nitrogen) is too complex for most technologies to purify and as a result the region has been neglected by many water initiatives.
Our distillation process creates pure distilled water, even from highly complex sources like those found in Lake Turkana. It also builds resilience into the system as the technology needs no alterations to work with changing complexity, such as increasing Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) or contamination concentrations.
Our process is designed to be simple - an integrated system that can be operating within a few days, and needs little training to operate. As it is 100% powered by solar energy, it works in this most remote region. Also by eliminating the filters and membranes we prolong device lifespan.
The simple process means that we eliminate nearly all operating costs, and so over the device lifespan we produce water at a lower cost per litre than many existing technologies (<1cent/litre).
Idea Proposal Stage (choose one)
Pilot: I have started to implement the idea as a whole with a first set of real users.
Tell us more about your organization/company (1 sentence and website URL)
Desolenator is a commercial company with a strong humanitarian mission, pioneering new standards for sustainable water purification.
Organization Filing Status
Yes, we are a registered company.
In 3-4 sentences, tell us the inspiration or story that encouraged you to start this project.
Lake Turkana has often been neglected by water projects because of the complex water characteristics, and the region is also suffering from climate change. This is also one of the most remote regions in the world, where the populations have the least capacity to adapt. We won initial funding to bring ‘Water Independence’ to part of the Turkana community, but we can only scratch the surface with this. GHR would provide more funding to scale our solution and have further-reaching community impacts
Please explain how your selected topic areas are influenced, in the local context of your project (1,000 characters).
Water is the foundation for societies to succeed, and works in tandem with Planet, Prosperity and Peace. Planet impacts as Lake Turkana has experienced 3 years of drought and 2-3°C temperature rise in the past 45 years (Source: Human Rights Watch - Climate Change, Environmental Threats, and Human Rights in Turkana County, Kenya).
Prosperity has also been impacted because of the generations of health problems from dirty water including skeletal fluorosis teeth mottling and sleeping sickness. Girls can’t go to school because they must collect water each day, and overall attendance and productivity in school and the local economy is compromised by repeated waterborne illnesses.
Peace has frequently disrupted because of lack of suitable water. The main economy revolves around cattle, and with fewer and fewer suitable water sources in the area, rivalries between residents and nomadic tribes have increased. This has also led to an increase in theft of cattle as herd numbers decrease.
Who will work alongside your organization in the project idea? (1,000 characters)
Expo Live provided initial funding. Desolenator will manage the project, working with Winds of Change which is the Foundation of private company Lake Turkana Wind Power, and a global NGO called (WaterIsLife). WoC will help with transport and installations of the units, and supplying local engineers and a project manager.
We have been building relationships with the Chiefs of the village and the teachers in the local school so they are supportive of us bringing the technology. Once it is installed, we will distribute water to the children in the schools, coupled with an education on clean water. WaterIsLife will leverage their global experience to help us develop appropriate educational programmes. This water knowledge will then be shared with parents and trickle through to the community.
We are going to work with the school and the medical clinic to measure impacts of clean water such as reduced cases of waterborne diseases and improved school attendance
Please share some of the top strengths identified in the community which your project will serve (500 characters)
Desolenator will provide the technology and oversee project delivery. We have excellent ground partners including Lake Turkana Wind Power Group (Kenya and Africa’s largest renewable energy company). They will provide us with transport, infrastructure and installation support.
We are collaborating with key community members including the local El Molo school and Chiefs and Elders. We are also working with globally-experienced NGO (WaterIsLife) on an education curriculum and impact measurement.
Lake Turkana in Northern Kenya, but our technology has global applicability.
How many months are required for the project idea? (500 characters)
We have been laying the project foundations for a year, including a successful site visit in December 2017. We will deliver units to Lake Turkana in September 2018, and have them installed and producing water by October 2018. We will spend around 6 months measuring quantities of water produced and the wider impacts such as increased attendance at school and reduced visits to medics for waterborne diseases. During this time we will also be trying to supplement funding and increase units in field
Did you submit this idea to our 2017 BridgeBuilder Challenge? (Y/N)
If Yes, how has project idea changed, grown, or evolved since last year? (2,000 characters)