STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Over 20,000 people have been killed, at the height of the insurgency, over three million people have been displaced from their homes, their homes have been destroyed, their means of livelihoods taken away from them. Nigeria is facing so many challenges: cattle rustling, community clashes, and ethno-religious complains, and so on. In general, the resilience of Nigerians as a community, is actually very weak.
The peace ambassador shall use peace talks to establish a certain type of behavioural restraint that will result in the establishment of peace and economic growth through outreaches, seminars and workshops. During the outreaches, seminars and workshops, efforts will be made to teach the participants on new ways of farming so as create wealth for the restless youth. New and improved seeds is going to be provided as a way of empowering them. Peace Ambassador shall be taught the concept of pacifism which is the categorical opposition to the behaviors of war or violence as a means of settling disputes or of gaining advantage. The training shall also covers a spectrum of views ranging from the belief that disputes can and should all be resolved via peaceful behaviors; to calls for the abolition of various organizations which tend to institutionalize aggressive behaviors.
Peace education will help to redress the culture of violence and aggression and inculcate the value of peaceful coexistence and non-violent orientation on every citizen. A robust countering violent extremism (CVE) programme will be an integral part of this peace education. Guildance Community Development Foundation shall collaborate with Nigerian government, civil society groups, the private sector and Nollywood to produce home movies in the three major languages (Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba) designed to specifically counter the narrative, rhetoric and doctrines of violent radicalization or religious extremism. The private sector shall play a crucial role in providing financial support for these programmes. In the same vein, creation of job opportunities for Nigerian youth via effective poverty alleviation and human capital development programmes in order to empower large youth population who are most vulnerable to recruitment and radicalization for violent extremism and terrorism will go a long way in putting end to the insurgency.
Design and Delivery of Robust Programme for Destitute Children to enable effective reorientation programmes to reconnect them with their parents or provide them the necessary training that will help them function effectively in the society. Such rescue, rehabilitation and reintegration intervention is expedient given the finding that children who were not brought up by their parents are more disposed to using violence in propagating their religious views.
Enhanced Provision of Education and Literacy Programme will also be used. Due to the high level of illiteracy in Nigeria, most young people have become easily susceptible to manipulation and recruitment into criminal and extremist groups. Although the right to education is one of the basic rights of every Nigerians, access and entitlement to this right is hardly attained. To reduce the number of people who are likely to fall prey to radical preaching and recruitment into violent groups this project will enlighten the community leaders, religion leaders, youths and parents on the need to enroll their children in school.
HOW WE PLAN TO GET IT DONE
Living and or schooling in the worst-affected parts of the Nigeria especially: Yobe, Borno, Adamawa,Zamfara, Bauchi, Gombe and Taraba had become almost impossible as a result of Boko Haram insurgency. This project aims to address the problem of insurgents challenge in Nigeria through bevavioural change communication and peer to peer education to impart knowledge in students/youth in the affected communities. Community leaders and members will be fully involved so as to promote sending students to school especially girls while farmers return to farm.
This proposal seeks create the necessary environment for out of school youths within their community to build knowledge and peer influence to embrace peace and sustain education. This will be done by deploying tested Peer Education Plus (PEP+) Module within an identified community amongst particular peer group. The group will teach their peers in education skills in peace education over the project period. This peer group will thereafter be empowered to form a CBO which then takes forward several activities and initiatives necessary to peace in North East in Nigeria. The CBO will also expand its activities to surrounding communities in order to maintain peace and expand access to education in North East in Nigeria. One of such youth initiated CBO will be supported by this grant in each of the 50 clusters of the operation of this grant. (One CBO from each of the 5 clusters). The Outreach activities of the CBOs will be supported. Each of the 50 CBOs will carry out ten (10) outreaches every year reaching 300 people for access to education and peace per CBO per outreach; thus a total of 3,000 people will be reached by each CBO per year. A total of 45,000 people will be reached per year and 135,000 over the three year project period.
GCDF also plan to use the mass media to reach and teach at least 100,000 youth/students, parents, traditional councils and community leaders with information on need to maintain peace, protect schools, enroll students and address education in North East. Thus, this proposal will support the participatory development, production and airing of TV and radio spots in Hausa, English and Pidgin English. This campaign will run at state levels, and will be monitored and evaluated yearly by an appointed media firm. It is planned that 4 TV and radio spots will be aired per week reaching an audience of at least 100,000 people (students, parents, traditional councils and community leaders) over the proposal period. The capacity of media personnel in education program production and mainstreaming will be enhanced through training and hands on mentoring.
The Peace and War Game approach shall be used to make youths in North East understand the relationship between peace and conflicts. The repeated peace game shall be used to study possible plans of collaboration and hostility during seminars, outreaches and workshops to allow the participants appreciate the benefits of peace. Through demonstration, peacemakers became richer over time, it shall became clear that making war had greater costs than initially anticipated.
At the end of this project, there shall be: de-escalation of rhetorical and physical conflicts, greater economic interactivity, and consequently substantial prosperity in the North East in Nigeria.
THEORY OF CHANGE
We believe that successful implementation of peer education through the involvement of youths as peace ambassador will promote peace and return prosperity into north east in Nigeria. For example, if we train youth leaders in negotiating skills, they will become more effective advocates for their interests through nonviolent means”. Or, “If we generate jobs for unemployed youth, they will be less available to be recruited to violence. Or if youths are trained in peacebuilding skills, it will be difficult to be recruited as Boko Haram or ISIS.
OBJECTIVES OF THIS PROJECT
1. To promote peaceful ways of addressing conflict in north east in Nigeria especially among the youth.
2. To empower youth and address low education in North East’ through the use of peer to peer education and Behavioural Change Communication in the North East in Nigeria.
1. Institution Building (Working with civil society partners)
2. Building capacity of youth, women and community based organizations (CBOs) in peace etc.);
3. Bridge building activities (dialogue between groups, joint work and so on)
4. Governance work and grassroots dialogue.
5. Train Emir (king) on traditional justice system
6. Communities will be stimulated to set up Community Safety Groups / Neighborhood Watch Groups. Community members know their communities better than the security agencies. They need to take an interest and join with security organisations. There needs to be support and protection for the communities that are supporting the security agencies.
7. Collaboration with Government to ensure that Peace education be incorporated in the educational curriculum of Nigeria, from primary to tertiary education.
8. Sensitization and enlightenment programmes using special designed radio and television programmes, jingles and group discussions
9. We are to work with government and the military to design a robust plan of action and negotiate a unified template with local communities for participation in security and intelligence gathering. Such a plan should adequately provide for (i) anonymous reporting of suspicious people or situations, (ii) protection of informants who feel threatened, (iii) rapid response to actionable intelligence, (iv) feedback between military and communities, and (v) measures to mitigate abuse of mandate by civilians.