Proactive and Active IOT-based Surveillance for Tribal and Nomadic Conflict Resolution and Peace Keeping in Africa (PRAAS) is an integrated system primarily intended to be used by local government authorities to learn about and predict current and future conflicts. A combination of sensors, drones, a data analysis suite, LTE and satellite routers will be used to generate two types of alerts: green proactive and red active.
PRAAS’ proactive element employs rain, grass and water supply sensors to indicate the threshold (of what) and then compares readings with historic rain measurements and water supply data in order to generate a green alert on potential conflicts. Proactive alerts are intended to aid authorities in planning and taking necessary security measures. In addition, the proactive element will also provide data that can help in assessing the monthly and yearly impact of global warming on rainfall, temperature, pasture and groundwater.
PRAAS’ active surveillance system utilizes smart poles grid, mobile vehicles and GPS-guided drones. The smart poles and mobile vehicle contain laser-based motion detectors/counters circuits connected to thermographic cameras which can be used to detect mass movement of people, cattle and vehicles to generate a red alert for authorities to take action in case of emergencies. Moreover, the active surveillance system will be able to detect any unusual activity in the local mobile network due to its GSM network module integration capabilities.