Since 1970 Tanzania has been receiving refugees from Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. The situation changed in 1990 years where pandemonium leading to refugee camps opened more especially Kigoma region. Here is burdensome and more interaction began. In the mid of 2000 there were seen the country to have peace efforts bear fruit, some were in their voluntary returning to their home country while others flatly deny return, this led to some camps in Kigoma particularly close.
In recent days there have been occurrences of refugees from Burundi coming to Tanzania. The advent of this time would be difficult, as it has been as a surprise because there was no clue behind any dispute which was expected to lead to refugees in such large quantities. Up to date about 145,570 refugees have already been received in NYARUGUSU camp here in Kigoma. Many of these refugees are women and children. Statistics show that from all refugees received 70% of them are children below 18 years while state the comment almost 68% of the refugees are women. The coming of the new refugees has forced two camps that were closed to be reopened again.
Refugees must have access to information about the country they are living including cultural of the neighboring community in order for democracy peace, justice, democracy and human rights to function. Lack of access to information results into a violation of the laws and acts that governing the country they are living in and that govern refugees camps and hence violation of peace, justice and human rights. Access to information concerning peace and justices allows refugees and community surrounding refugees’ camps to exercise their civil rights. Information and Technology can support in strengthening of peace, justice by enabling and expanding Refugees’ social mobilization. Currently refugees are not aware of Tanzanian citizen Act, Immigration Act and refugee’s laws as the fundamental for peace and justices for them. The main objective of this project is to contribute towards raising refugee’s and Tanzanian citizen living around refugees’ camps and border voices, effective governance and accountability by enabling community engagement and open responsive government. The project will be the solution for insecurity and instability to citizen around refugees’ camps and refugees themselves. Through this project refugees in NYARUGUSU and all Tanzania citizen living in villages surrounding NYARUGUSU and those bordering Burundi will use IT as a platform/avenue to share information depending on Tanzania culture, norms and laws that governing refugees.
Under the proposed project the following activities will be done: - (i) Buying of Tablets and information sharing software (these tablets will be given to peace and justice monitors that will be situated in every village) (ii) Establishment of Village Based Peace and Justices Monitors in every responsible village and NYARUGUSU refugee camp (who will be responsible for monitoring issues pertaining illegal immigrants and refugees for enhancement of peace and justices (iii) Raising awareness of the Tanzanian citizen bordering Burundi , those surrounding NYARUGUSU refugee camp and refugees themselves on laws governing citizenship, immigration and refugee issues in Tanzania (iv) Promote accountability of leaders of local government on how to control of illegal immigrants on their territories for sustainability of peace and justices and (v)Advocating for amendments of citizen Act so that to allow citizen by birth even if one of the parents is not a Tanzanian citizen (by removing the necessity of swearing to renounce citizenship of parents who are not citizens of Tanzania)
The following will be the result of the proposed project
1. Increased accountability and transparency among leaders in the project area in budget process and fund utilization;
2. Elected communities committees are delivering the roles in relation to peace and justices;
3. Availability of mechanisms/systems of information sharing among refugees leaders and Tanzanian leadership for sustaining peace and justices;
4 Availability of knowledge and skills among refugees leaders and Tanzanian leadership on laws governing citizenship, immigration and refugee issues in Tanzania;
5 Quick Feedback from Local Authorities to NYARUGUSU refugees camp leaders on any incidents happened in a village that might involve refugees for collective solution.