Cameroon, like many countries in the world, is experiencing unprecedented security crisis. After the first attacks recorded in 2012 in the east by the Anti Balaka Seleca groups and the Central African rebellion, the northern part of the country knows since 2013 attacks of the terrorist sect Boko Haram, first marked by kidnappings and mass killings. These attacks have resulted in a massive migration of populations in affected areas. Villages and fields are burnt. Thousands of children don’t have access to school. According to the UNHCR, Cameroon recorded in January 2015 over 200 000 refugees on its territory, and more than 40,000 persons which migrated within the country. The number has increased in 2016.
This situation undermines the development and government efforts, which is forced to deploy more resources to support military forces and affected areas, hampering thereby the vision of emergence of the country in horizon 2035.
In order to adopt a sub-regional strategy to combat terrorism, a meeting of Heads of State was held on February 16, 2015 in Yaoundé. Stressing on the serious socio-cultural, economic and humanitarian consequences of the sect's aggressions, the Heads of State agreed on the need to combine their efforts to provide a common and coordinated response. It was thus decided to strengthen the security of their respective territories and to carry out awareness-raising and communication activities for the benefit of populations in order to reduce the risk of seeing members of the sect inside Frontiers and to cut off their supply networks.
Youths appears to be an essential element in this crisis, as main actors and victims of abuses. They are the main target of extremist groups which manipulate them. And are not enough involved by the authorities in decision-making, elaboration, implementation; monitoring and evaluation of public policies concerning peace security. It is important and imperative that this segment representing over 70% of the population, be aware of the challenges of this crisis and their responsibility as citizens in preserving the national heritage for human rights and development post 2015. It is also important that they advocate for their rights. Reason why the United Nations Young Leaders Network has conceived this project.