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Hex House - creating sustainable environments that promote community interaction, economic vitality and self sufficiency of displaced people

The Hex House is a rapidly deployable, ecologically responsible, low-cost and dignified home for displaced populations.

Photo of Taru Niskanen
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*Please Upload User Experience Map (as attachment) and any additional Beneficiary Feedback in this field

For the user feedback process, we presented the design to three refugee communities. The first being the Alzaatari Camp and the surrounding informal camps in the Al-Mafraq desert in Jordan. The second was the Ummah Village Refugee Camp, Siccu, Syria. And the third was in a refugee camp Field Hospital in Lebanon where we are working with the Syrian American Engineers Assoc. Please see document in attachments below named "Hex House_User_Feedback-051117.pdf" for a complete report.

Explain your project idea in two sentences.

The Hex House is a rapidly deployable, ecologically responsible and dignified home for displaced people. The Hex House system promotes community interaction, economic vitality and self sufficiency.

What is your organization name? Explain your organization in one sentence.

Architects for Society is a nonprofit design practice with global outreach and vision.

Is this project idea new for you or your organization? If no, how much have you already executed on?

We have been working on the project idea for a year and a half. We are at the stage of starting to build two prototypes to test the product and planning projects with our partners at various locations.

What is the problem you aim to solve with this idea? How would you define this problem as urgent and a priority in your target community?

We address the problem of inadequate shelter structures at displaced peoples camps; these populations live in uncomfortable, unsanitary & inhumane conditions often for extended periods of time. Good physical & mental health depends on having a home that offers privacy, security, stability & control.

What is the timeline for your project idea? What are the key steps for implementation in the next 1-3 years?

To more clearly outline the plan from prototype to pilot to implementation, we have included our Work Plan with both budget estimates and timelines. Please see attached spreadsheet “Hex House Budget & Timeline” for this.

Describe the individual or team that will implement this idea (if a partnership, please explain breakdown of responsibility).

Core AFS team: all staff and 2 board members. Some of our partners: Two engineering firms in Frankfurt and Minneapolis (engineering systems), The Dutch Ministry of Defence (a place and workforce for European prototype), Syrian American Engineers Association (assisting in development)

What do you need the most support with in this project idea?

  • Business Development/Partnerships

What is your primary goal over the next 6 weeks of Refinement?

  • Iterate or improve on my product/service

How do you currently measure (or plan to measure) results for this project?

One of the major criteria for measuring the success of the prototype phase will be in the delicate balance between cost and performance. We will conduct value engineering studies where we look at all the components and labor involved in the construction and begin to propose alternate materials and methods for construction. Other measures of success are beneficiary and public reception, reflected in the interest of home manufacturers and builders in developing a partnerships with us.

How has your project proposal changed due to your user research during the Beneficiary Feedback Phase?

As the main user research has been done prior to the Beneficiary Feedback Phase, the additional research during the phase has not resulted in any major changes in our project proposal. However, what we found out is the growing interest to use the Hex House not simply as a housing solution but also as a space for business (such as tailoring) and services (such as medical centre).

(Optional) What are some of your still unanswered questions or concerns about this idea?

Scaling up operations to manufacture the homes in local displaced and disaster stricken communities.

Note that you may also edit any of your previous answers within the proposal. Here is a great place to note any big final changes or iterations you have made to your proposal below:

The big final changes we have made to our proposal are a result of the expert feedback. First, we have extensively clarified the ways user needs are considered in our work through our commitment to human-centered design. Secondly, to show the feasibility of our project (from prototype to pilot to implementation), we have included a “Budget and Timeline” spreadsheet. We have also explained the spreadsheet in more detail in the proposal text (please see “How will the grant help us” section for our short-term and long-term plans). Thirdly, we have updated our list of partners and other organizations with which we are already in conversations related to this project. Additionally, we have added a list of key large international organizations with whom we plan to connect. Finally, we have added a handicap ramp to the design.


Peace - Together with our international workforce, we work primarily at refugee camps and in conflict affected areas. The Hex House concept promotes cooperation, friendship and social cohesion amongst the people living in the communities.

Prosperity - Housing is directly connected to individual and community prosperity. A decent housing gives a sense of dignity, erodes poverty and increases prosperity. Additionally, we are currently working on utilizing the Hex House to create entrepreneurial space to create livelihoods for communities/townships/informal settlements in South Africa.

Environment - The Hex House is environmentally responsible. It is locally/regionally produced with available materials and local high-skilled labor (links to prosperity here too). It has sustainable features like solar panels, passive cooling, rainwater harvesting & biogas toilets.


Architects for Society (AFS) was created in late 2015 by multi-national building design and development professionals from around the world to use the tools of design and architecture to enhance the built environment of disadvantaged communities. Our founders were motivated to establish the organization by personal experiences – working and living in war torn countries, urban slums and refugee communities where permanent homes were destroyed, building materials were scarce and temporary shelters inadequate.

We worked with Chalmers University in Gothenburg, Sweden, to develop a rapidly deployable shelter prototype for Syrian refugees at Zaatari Camp in Jordan. Through our research in the area, we initiated the project as we saw an urgent need to help the Syrian displaced refugees, currently living in poor conditions either in 3x5 caravans or in tents scattered as small communities in the desert of Mafraq. The current tents are very cold in winter, leak water inside, hot during summer and lack basic hygiene and health standards. In this project, we assisted the University by providing on the ground research such as photo and video documentation, resident interviews and interviews with NGOs working in and around the camp. This collaboration helped us to develop the Hex House system.

Within the first year and a half, our Hex House has received international recognition. In 2016, the UNHCR along with the IKEA Foundation ran the What Design Can Do Refugee Challenge. The design competition sought ideas "for accommodating, connecting, integrating and helping the personal development of refugees". We submitted the Hex House design, and it was one of 5 projects shortlisted from over 150 shelter projects. The Hex House was also the recipient of the 2016 BEST OF BEST Iconic Award for visionary architecture from the German Design Council. Germany has been very welcoming for refugees and they are seeking effective solutions for accommodating displaced families. AFS is there on the ground engaging with NGOs and policymakers to make the Hex House a viable solution.

The Hex House was also awarded with the ''Bronze title'' from the American Architecture Prize (AAP) and selected as best non-profit organisation by Design With Benefits.

The Hex House was featured at New Atlas: 

What sets the Hex House apart from many other shelters, aside from its hexagonal shape, is the inclusion of some typical home amenities, like electricity and manually-pumped running water. Solar panels on the roof provide power for lighting and small electronics. Rainwater, meanwhile, is collected via an integrated gutter and downpipe, and stored in a tank from where it is manually pumped into the shelter for use.

Adato Architecture and Valentiny Foundation featured AFS in Adato magazine alongside with notable architects such as Shigeru Ban Architects: 

Current temporary refugee shelters are beset with a number of social, economic and cultural problems; displaced populations live in conditions that are uncomfortable, unsanitary and inhumane- very often for extended periods of time. In response to these conditions AFS have created housing solutions for displaced individuals and families that are long-term, dignified and can be easily integrated into the urban fabric of large cities.

The Hex House design has also been praised by a number of other online magazines, such as Dezeen and Inhabit, for its ingenuity and broad applicability.


The organizations in specific geographies with which we are already in conversations related to this project include:

South Africa:

  • Municipality of Stellenbosch & Cape Town
  • Sustainability Institute of Stellenbosch

The Netherlands:

  • Spark Campus (collaboration between Technical University Eindhoven, companies and local government)
  • Centraal Orgaan Opvang Asielzoekers (Central Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers)
  • Save the Children
  • Vluchtelingenwerk (Aid organization for refugees)
  • Ministry of Defense
  • Dutch Relief Alliance
  • IKEA Foundation
  • InSite


  • American Refugee Committee
  • AIA-MN
  • Syrian American Engineers Association 
  • Green Card Voices


  • Better Shelter (Sweden)

Additionally, there are key large international organizations with whom we would like to connect. These are: UNHCR, UN Habitat, UNDP, Red Cross, International Organization for Migration, Danish Refugee Council, Norwegian Refugee Council, FEMA, Habitat for Humanity and International Humanitarian Partnership. We have already attempted to reach out to some of them, but need more assistance in finding the right people to talk to within those organizations. We will continue to build and develop these connections.


The grant will give us the kick start we need to develop and fine tune our Hex House for larger scale production. It will help us to build two prototypes and contribute to pilot projects to test the product with real users. We receive inquiries almost on a daily basis from individuals, communities and NGOs. In order to take the project for another stage, to start benefitting the disadvantages communities, we first need prototyping. Beyond the funding, we see a great value in exploring partnerships we could build together.


To more clearly outline the plan from prototype to pilot to implementation, we have included a “Budget and Timeline” spreadsheet. Below, we have laid out our plan in more detail.

There are two parallel projects in different regions: North America & EMEA (Europe, Middle East & Africa), each made up of two phases:

1) Product Development

  • Prototypes
  • Pilot projects

2) Implementation

Timeline & Budget - Phase 1

The $140,000 funding requested from this grant is to cover Phase 1: Prototype & Pilot with some funds left to launch the Marketing portion of Phase 2. This will allow us to complete the prototype, begin pilot and testing, incorporate feedback for improvements, and begin marketing our solution for pre-sales, the proceeds of which will fund Phase 2: Implementation.


North America

In the North America project, both phases will be executed in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. The prototype will be built as an Accessory Dwelling Unit (ADU) on an existing residential property where it will be given to a family in-need and then used for the pilot project to undergo field-testing in real world conditions which will provide feedback for future improvements. The prototype completion date has been moved from May to end of August 2017 (due to local zoning permit) and will be immediately followed by the pilot.

The total cost of the Prototype & Pilot in the US is $67,500. Through fundraising and donated materials & labor, we have financed 58% and would use this grant to finance the remaining $33,000.


The EMEA project is based primarily in The Netherlands and South Africa. The initial prototype will be constructed in Soesterberg, The Netherlands (40km outside of Amsterdam) at the Royal Dutch Army Field Lab Smart Base, scheduled for completion by end of November 2017. The prototype completion will be followed by two pilot projects in South Africa: Mandela City and Ekanini informal settlement, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Mandela City is a proposed township development (50km from Cape Town) where the Stellenbosch Municipality has asked us to re-plan subdivision development of low incoming housing units using the Hex House as a basis of design.

The Ekanini informal settlement, Stellenbosch is an informal settlement where we are researching innovative ways to use the Hex House to promote economic vitality in the community. For example, the Hex House could be used for new businesses or shops for local entrepreneurs, a medical center to provide improved health services, a school or a community center.

The total cost of the Prototype and the Pilots in The Netherlands and South Africa is $139,500 with 23% financed by fundraising and donated materials & labor. The grant would be used to cover the remaining $107,000. The EMEA costs are higher due to running two pilots, plus travel costs and transport of materials during this phase until local production and sourcing is possible.

This grant will not be used to pay back investments made before July 2017.


Looking Forward - Phase 2

We have included our longer-term Phase 2 plan and projected costs for your information on our future strategy, however this grant is not intended to fund this phase. Currently, we have already teamed up with building manufactures and suppliers in the US and are now in discussions to set up a small manufacturing operation to assemble the home kits for distribution in the US. This operation is projected to be up and running by February 2022. In Europe, we have already partnered with a Dutch supplier and are in discussions with others.


In moving toward large-scale deployment, it is essential for us to effectively manage costs, production and quality. To start, we have reached out to peers including knowledge-sharing discussions with the IKEA Foundation and Better Shelter. On the business side, we have engaged a pro-bono consultant with an MBA and MPP in International Development to advise us on our business plan, budget and execution, particularly in emerging markets.

Costs: The initial investments for Phase 1 & 2 are higher than our projected on-going costs post-implementation due to the required R&D and operational start-up costs. To support funding of Phase 2, we will market our solution to both the public and private sectors, both of which have already reached out to express interest. As we move into a more normalized production cycle, the proceeds from private sector sales will continue to provide sustainable funding for our humanitarian efforts.

Production network: The housing kit production will be initially done at two facilities, one in the US and one in South Africa. The kits will then by transported to local sites for construction. AFS will provide a site manager to train locals on proper installation and provide on-going support.

Quality: Quality control is key to our Hex House solution to ensure safety, effectiveness and satisfaction of our users. The US production facility is an existing plant with experienced workers that already have comprehensive QC practices and monitoring in place. In the Netherlands, the supplier we have partnered with has agreed to assist us in establishing a production facility in South Africa. All operations will have full oversight by a member of AFS. Beyond our experienced architects, we have an AFS member with 12-years’ experience in engineering, production and site management of large-scale construction projects including World Trade One (Freedom Tower) in New York City and the US Embassy in London, UK.


Please watch the short video below for a good summary of our innovation.

The Hex House is designed to be an adaptable, scalable solution which can be rapidly deployed by government and relief agencies as well as erected by end-users and volunteers with no prior construction expertise and minimal training and instruction. The home can also be easily disassembled, relocated and reused. 

With passive and low tech features and durability of exterior shell and base, it can endure extended occupancy for 30 years and more. In comparison to the current refugee shelter alternatives, such as the standard UNHCR tents with a lifespan of 6-12 months and the IKEA shelter with a lifespan of 3 years, the Hex House features make it suitable for both long-term and short-term housing solutions.

The human-centered system allows the inhabitants to be part of the design process by giving them the power to compose sensibly designed prefabbed components, giving the end users a sense of ownership while reducing the process and associated time and money. With an emphasis on flexibility and customisation, there are many interior planning possibilities, which gives the end-users an ability to personalize their living spaces both inside and out. Units can easily be arranged next to one another in desired patterns, joined and share walls for enhanced thermal performance, or also be combined to form larger units. The home’s ability to be easily modified gives families the capacity to expand their space as they grow. 

Our intent is to create environments that support community interaction, economic vitality, and self-sufficiency. The Hex House units are arranged into various combinations of clusters to create shared spaces, such as green spaces and a central communal house that provides space for a range of activities, for instance: Shared cooking and meals in a well equipped kitchen, shared childcare for working parents, shared pantry, gardening, communal event celebrations and holidays, computer room, and public market. Whether linear or radial, these clusters can be oriented to allow for accessible drives and pedestrian walkways for internal movement as well as forming connections with the surrounding city/neighborhoods.


The inherent structural stability of the hexagonal form and the rigid construction of Structural Insulated Panels (SIP) preclude the use of added structural support. The wall and roof panels are designed to be self-supporting and when locked together with integral locking joints, form a rigid structural shell. The basic building components are galvanised tube steel for the base, structural insulated metal panel for walls, floor and roof and can be customised with conventional interior and exterior finishes.

Building components

The walls, roof and floor are fabricated from rigid foam insulation sandwiched between two sheets of steel known as Structural Insulated Panel (SIP). All exterior wall panels have the same dimension 3m x 4m with some variations for door and window openings. The roof and floor panel sizes are also standardized, ensuring efficiency in fabrication, packing and transportation.

Wall panel assembly

Each 150 mm thick insulated metal wall/roof panel is locked together using a built-in locking joint. The panels are designed to be self-supporting and don't require additional structure. The exterior walls can be clad with cement render (stucco), wood cladding, or other materials using typical mechanical fasteners. The 150 mm panel has a U-value of .054 (R18.5).

Foundation assembly

The walls are supported on a hexagonal steel frame with six perimeters and one centre support. The supports which are height-adjustable are anchored to concrete pier foundations. The structural steel base members are connected with steel bolts through predrilled holes. The floor panels are then fixed on top and span from one horizontal support to the other.

Interior finishes

The interior spaces are designed with basic modern conveniences and are finished with simple and functional finishes, depending on the local low-cost materials and preferences. For instance gypsum walls, bamboo plank floors, ceramic tile bathroom floors, bamboo kitchen cabinets and solid surface kitchen counters depicted in the visual below.


Rainwater harvesting

Rainwater is carried through an integrated gutter and downspout system. It is filtered into a sub-grade storage tank from where it is manually or electrically pumped back into the house by hand pumps to be used for washing and flushing. There is also a refillable potable water storage tank below grade that is also pumped into the unit. Both tanks are insulated by earth's natural thermal capacity and sheltered by the house itself.

Passive cooling and solar panels

There are two ventilation shafts on opposite sides of the house. Air is diverted by operable baffles in floor openings, travels up the shaft and out through registers in the space. The air then moves up through the space via the stack effect and is allowed to circulate above interior walls and out through an operable exhaust vent. Solar panels provide supplementary power for lighting and small electronics. The hexagonal roof allows for optimal solar panel placement, with three surfaces oriented for maximum solar incidence as the sun moves across the sky.


We are currently designing a STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, Maths) school / learning center for our partner Haitian Schools Without Borders in Cap-Haïtien, Haiti, which will serve approximately 800 primary and secondary students and train 200 teachers. See more here

Read about our past projects here

We are committed to human-centered design

The Hex House is committed to human-centered design creating a solution for the need as defined by the user rather than a solution imposed by the producer. To address this, we conducted field research in refugee camps in Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon as well as townships/informal settlements outside of Cape Town, South Africa; sought input from a Gender Specialist based in Zambia who does projects for UNHCR to ensure safety and positive community outcomes for women and men; and gathered intel from the Royal Dutch Army. The fundamental needs of these different communities is incorporated into our core modular product, i.e. weatherproof, insulated, well-lit dwellings that create privacy and community, provide proper sanitation, and above all preserve human dignity. The hive shape of Hex House creates a feeling of “home” and includes spaces for community engagement.

While the design of the Hex House shell allows for mass production and lower costs, the modular system approach provides flexibility to customize many aspects of both the interior and exterior to meet the needs of the local construction and inhabitant. For example, in constructing the units, the insulation of the wall panels can be foam, batt or even hay, whatever is locally available. For the inhabitant, the size of the home can be expanded with the addition of modules to accommodate extended families.

In short, user needs are at the core of our Hex House design. The basic kit is a standardized system, but it is fully customizable depending on user needs and available local materials. We intend to setup up local fabrication shops to preassemble the components using local materials and labor. This way we create a self-sufficient system to build and maintain the homes as well as provide economic opportunities.

In our commitment to human-centered international design practice, we are establishing “best practices” for engaging with our target communities to facilitate a participatory, iterative design process to ensure the end result meets the needs of the users. This process includes on-going dialogue with the community and other stakeholders to get real-time feedback that can be addressed quickly and incorporated in future production as appropriate. Additionally, we will be developing metrics to gauge user satisfaction and overall project performance, which will include budget, durability, sustainability, social effects, health effects and environmental effects. We believe that both pre-design programming and post-occupancy evaluation are very important to overall project success and therefore intend to dedicate time and resources to both. 

Explain your idea

We provide an effective solution that addresses many of the problems associated with current shelter structures at refugee camps. The Hex House is not only rapidly deployable and easily assembled, but also off-grid, ecologically responsible and dignified yet low-cost home that can serve as both a transitional and permanent shelter. The problem: With the massive influx of refugees in the last few years, we knew that addressing refugees’ dire need for decent shelter would be a top priority for us. After resettlement, many refugees face crowded, noisy, dirty, disease filled grounds where thousands of families are cramped together, surviving one day at a time. Some of the problems with current shelters include: - Lack of privacy and space - Leakage of rainwater into the housing space - Lack of windows and sunlight - Inadequate short-term housing - Public health and sanitation issues associated with sharing public toilets Context: Refugee camps were initially designed to be a short-term remedy to an emergency situation, but the average stay is now 17 years. Some camps are already evolving into permanent settlements such as UNHCR’s Zaatari camp in Jordan hosting more than 80,000 refugees. Humanitarian experts are now proposing turning refugee camps into enterprise zones called “refugee cities”, a model that would benefit both the refugee and the host population. Major international financial institutions like the World Bank, have already committed to invest in refugee-inclusive Special Enterprise Zones (SEZs) in Jordan and Ethiopia. With our Hex House system, we can tap into these processes of upgrading the current refugee camps into a more dignified and livable environments. Our intent is to create environments that support community interaction, economic vitality, and self-sufficiency. The Hex House units are arranged into various combinations of clusters to create shared spaces, such as a central communal house that provides space for a range of activities (e.g. shared cooking & childcare, communal event celebrations). Whether linear or radial, these clusters can be oriented to allow for accessible drives and pedestrian walkways for internal movement as well as forming connections with the surrounding city/neighborhoods. The Hex House is a co-housing solution that facilitates neighborhood interaction for socioeconomic benefits. Self-management empowers residents, builds community, and saves money. The communal house allows for space and material savings on the outer houses, which in turn increases sustainability. Shared resources elevate individuals to the same level and prevent poverty. Populations of high risk such as the elderly and children are protected by the community. Decent, stable housing provides more than just a roof over someone’s head. As described by WHO, research has established that a good physical and mental health depends on having a safe home that offers privacy, security, stability and control.

Who Benefits?

The main target beneficiaries are people living at refugee camps all around the world. Although our core target at the moment is refugee camps, the Hex House can potentially benefit all people displaced due to manmade or natural disasters. Tt can be utilized for post natural disaster use, refugee housing and also simply for people interested in living in a very nice small home. Our initial idea was to provide dignified housing for displaced people's camps but during our first crowdfunding campaign we found out that the general public was also interested in our house as their own living space. The Hex House model can be adjusted to meet the needs of a range of disadvantaged populations from refugee camp residents to low income communities at urban and rural areas alike, in both developing and developed countries.

How is your idea unique?

The Hex House is not a bandage solution but addresses the root problems with the current alternatives: - hexagonal shape is more structurally rigid than a square structure - sustainable features like solar panels, passive cooling, rainwater harvesting & biogas toilets - not just a tent but a comfortable house with typical home amenities - the supports are height-adjustable to allow leveling the house on uneven & wet terrain - Structural Insulated Panel walls, floors & roof panels are durable and insulated therefore provide privacy and protection from harsh weather - Once produced large-scale, the cost of one 47SM unit will be less than $5k, offering a competitive alternative to the standard UNHCR tents, the 3,7SM container ($10-20k) and 17,5SM IKEA shelter ($1,150). - UNHCR tent's lifespan is 6-12 months and the IKEA shelter's 3 years, both requiring frequent maintenance. The Hex House can endure extended occupancy for 30 years and more with a very little maintenance.

Idea Proposal Stage

  • Research & Early Testing: I am exploring my idea, gathering the inspiration and information I need to test it with real users.

Tell us more about you

We are a US based nonprofit [501(c)3] design practice with global outreach and vision. Our main office is in Minneapolis, Minnesota, but our team consist of twelve professionals and academics located in the US, Canada, Spain, Germany, Netherlands, India and Jordan who have come together to serve a common goal. We are focused on the needs of 3 main segments of society: informal settlements, refugee settlements, and low income housing. Our key members have been practicing architecture for an average of 20 years, having experience with a wide range of project types: educational, retail, multifamily residential, institutional and community projects. We also have extensive experience in providing the full range of architectural services from feasibility studies to construction administration. Together, we have decades of experience in design education, research and practice, including production of dozens of projects that have given tangible physical and social benefits to individuals and communities across countries and cultures. Right now we are developing our first rapidly deployable, low-cost home, known as Hex House - a durable and dignified community solution for displaced persons as well as an affordable housing model. We aim to build our first prototypes this year, followed by pilot projects in South Africa and North America, which will help us develop and fine tune our Hex House for larger scale production. We are actively looking for partners with shared interests. We warmly invite you to join us in redrawing the picture of home for disadvantaged and displaced communities across the globe! Core team for the project: Amro Sallam (Executive Director) is a registered architect with over 20 years of experience with world class architecture firms like Herzog DeMeuron and SOM. He holds a Master of Architecture from Southern California Institute of Architecture. David Dwars (COO) has worked over 18 years globally. He is a LEED accredited professional with a specialty in Building Design and Construction and has worked on multiple LEED certified projects. He has Bachelors of Architecture from Kansas State University. Dr. Altaf Engineer (Communications Director) has a PhD in Architecture from the University of Illinois. He’s he has eight years of professional experience and is a LEED accredited professional. Taru Niskanen (Development Director) has Masters of International Development Studies. She has worked in non-profit sector, most recently in Kabul, Afghanistan. She has experience with a range of fundraising and advocacy campaigns with UNICEF Finland. Stephan Wedrich (Program Director) has Masters of Architecture from the University of Applied Science in Frankfurt, Germany. 21 years of professional experience. Please see board members' full biographies on our website at

Expertise in sector

  • 7+ years

Organization Filing Status

  • Yes, we are a registered non-profit.


Join the conversation:

Photo of david

this is cool... love to chat at some point

Photo of Kate Rushton

Hi Taru Niskanen ! david is the person behind the Ecosystem of Opportunity: Lakota grassroots systems development to build Sustainable Communities and Economies project. I too can see connections between both ideas because the Ecosystem project has a building for community and community is very much embedded and in your project, the housing solution is very much centred around a community of people rather than individual housing units.

Photo of Taru Niskanen

Thank you Kate Rushton for linking our organizations! Indeed our goals seem to be very much aligned and I hope to take this conversation further.

Photo of Kate Rushton

iIf you want me to introduce you both offline via email, please do say. Kate -

Photo of Taru Niskanen

Hello David, great to read about your amazing project! I would love to hear more. do you have an email and Skype to share? you can reach me at and my Skype is taru.niskanen

Photo of Taru Niskanen

Thank you Kate, that would be amazing.

Photo of david

Hey Taru! I am in wrap up mode today before vacation next week. I'll give you a shout the first week in July... thanks!

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