. Bridging Peace and Planet
We are looking for solutions that build bridges between planet and peace, benefiting both communities and our planet by utilizing peace building, cooperation and coexistence.
Good Governance, restructuring and State Building .
Good governance is an indeterminate term used in the international development literature to describe how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources. Governance is "the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented)".
Political institutions that are accountable, good governance and economic development indeed enable central governments to let minorities share in the gains in wealth and security. The political allegiance of minorities thus acquired is likely to strengthen the process of state building. Conversely, poor governance implies that the state fails to satisfy collective needs and fails as an arbiter in civil conflict. If so, a central government has to rely more on the political and economic coercion of minorities and thus increases the probability of violent escalation of civil conflict.
Over the past two decades, state-building has developed into becoming an integral part and even a specific approach to peace- building by the international community. Observers across the political and academic spectra have come to see the state-building approach as the preferred strategy to peace-building in a number of high-profile conflicts, including the Israeli-Palestinian, Bosnia, Iraq, and Afghanistan. According to the political scientist Anders Persson, internationally led state building is based on three dimensions: a security dimension, a political dimension, and an economic dimension. Of these three, security is almost always considered the first priority
Governance is "the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented)". I will quickly forward to this forum the 12 secret behind American success in term of good governance.
Principle 1 - Fair Conduct of Elections, Representation, and Participation
- Local elections are conducted freely and fairly, according to international standards and national legislation, and without any fraud.
- Citizens are at the centre of public activity and they are involved in clearly defined ways in public life at local level.
- All men and women can have a voice in decision-making, either directly or through legitimate intermediate bodies that represent their interests. Such broad participation is built on the freedoms of expression, assembly and association.
- All voices, including those of the less privileged and most vulnerable, are heard and taken into account in decision-making, including over the allocation of resources.
- There is always an honest attempt to mediate between various legitimate interests and to reach a broad consensus on what is in the best interest of the whole community and on how this can be achieved.
- Decisions are taken according to the will of the many, while the rights and legitimate interests of the few are respected.
Principle 2 - Responsiveness
- Objectives, rules, structures, and procedures are adapted to the legitimate expectations and needs of citizens.
- Public services are delivered, and requests and complaints are responded to within a reasonable timeframe.
Principle 3 - Efficiency and Effectiveness
- Results meet the agreed objectives.
- Best possible use is made of the resources available.
- Performance management systems make it possible to evaluate and enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of services.
- Audits are carried out at regular intervals to assess and improve performance.
Principle 4 - Openness and Transparency
- Decisions are taken and enforced in accordance with rules and regulations.
- There is public access to all information, which is not classified for well-specified reasons as provided for by law (such as the protection of privacy or ensuring the fairness of procurement procedures).
- Information on decisions, implementation of policies and results is made available to the public in such a way as to enable it to effectively follow and contribute to the work of the local authority.
Principle 5 - Rule of Law
- The local authorities abide by the law and judicial decisions.
- Rules and regulations are adopted in accordance with procedures provided for by law and are enforced impartially.
Principle 6 - Ethical Conduct
- The public good is placed before individual interests.
- There are effective measures to prevent and combat all forms of corruption.
- Conflicts of interest are declared in a timely manner and persons involved must abstain from taking part in relevant decisions.
Principle 7 - Competence and Capacity
- The professional skills of those who deliver governance are continuously maintained and strengthened in order to improve their output and impact.
- Public officials are motivated to continuously improve their performance.
- Practical methods and procedures are created and used in order to transform skills into capacity and to produce better results.
Principle 8 - Innovation and Openness to Change
- New and efficient solutions to problems are sought and advantage is taken of modern methods of service provision.
- There is readiness to pilot and experiment new programmes and to learn from the experience of others.
- A climate favorable to change is created in the interest of achieving better results.
Principle 9 - Sustainability and Long-term Orientation
- The needs of future generations are taken into account in current policies.
- The sustainability of the community is constantly taken into account.
- Decisions strive to internalize all costs and not to transfer problems and tensions, be they environmental, structural, financial, economic, or social, to future generations.
- There is a broad and long-term perspective on the future of the local community along with a sense of what is needed for such development.
- There is an understanding of the historical, cultural, and social complexities in which this perspective is grounded.
Principle 10 - Sound Financial Management
- Charges do not exceed the cost of services provided and do not reduce demand excessively, particularly in the case of important public services.
- Prudence is observed in financial management, including in the contracting and use of loans, in the estimation of resources, revenues and reserves, and in the use of exceptional revenue.
- Multi-annual budget plans are prepared, with consultation of the public.
- Risks are properly estimated and managed, including by the publication of consolidated accounts and, in the case of public-private partnerships, by sharing the risks realistically.
- The local authority takes part in arrangements for inter-municipal solidarity, fair sharing of burdens and benefits and reduction of risks (equalisation systems, inter- municipal co-operation, mutualisation of risks…).
- Principle 11 - Human rights, Cultural Diversity and Social Cohesion
- Within the local authority’s sphere of influence, human rights are respected, protected, and implemented, and discrimination on any grounds is combated.
- Cultural diversity is treated as an asset, and continuous efforts are made to ensure that all have a stake in the local community, identify with it and do not feel excluded.
- Social cohesion and the integration of disadvantaged areas are promoted.
- Access to essential services is preserved, in particular for the most disadvantaged sections of the population.
Principle 12 - Accountability
- All decision-makers, collective and individual, take responsibility for their decisions.
Decisions are reported on, explained and can be sanctioned.
- There are effective remedies against maladministration and against actions of local authorities which infringe civil rights.
Over the past two decades, state building has developed into becoming an integral part and even a specific approach to peace building by the international community. Observers across the political and academic spectra have come to see the state-building approach as the preferred strategy to peace building. In a number of high-profile conflicts, including the Israeli-Palestinian, Bosnia, Iraq, and Afghanistan. According to the political scientist Anders Persson, said state building is based on three dimensions: a security dimension, a political dimension, and an economic dimension.
What is the main message of the idea?
State building is creating and strengthening the institutions necessary to support long-term economic, social, and political development. The basic message is peace building. and to put permanent solution to the world challenges hyper complex neoliberal globalization, changes in intercultural relations at the global level, climate change, poverty, rapid urbanization , the ICTs revolution, the emergence of knowledge societies, the evolution of gender and intergenerational relations, the evolution of spirituality and of the status and the role of religion in modern societies, the emergence of a multi-polar world and the phenomenon of emerging powers of the South are some of the realities of our world which had been extensively discussed and noted by both academics and policy-makers. These are the challenges of the 21st century already identified in the 2010 World Social Sciences Report as major challenges.
Sustainable peace eludes many African countries. Most post-conflict societies in Africa continue to be dominated by the aftermath of war, including weak health, educational, and infrastructural systems; growing slums; power and identity issues; corruption; and a legacy of violent tendencies, which often do not easily fade away. When the root causes of conflict largely land disputes, inequalities, the quest for power, and ownership of natural resources are not thoroughly dealt with, violence can reoccur even after peace has been restored.
There is no clear consensus on the defining characteristics of a state and the definition can vary significantly based upon the focus of the particular study. In general, though, for studies of state formation, the state is considered to be a territorially bound political unit with centralized institutions for the administration of governance, as distinct from tribes or units without centralized institutions.
Now, I will like to buttress further; that State formation in the past should not dominate the standard of today’s State building. According to Painter & Jeffrey, there are five distinctive features of the modern state:
They are ordered by precise boundaries with administrative control across the whole.
They occupy large territories with control given to organized institutions;
They have a capital city and are endowed with symbols that embody state power.
The government within said state creates organizations to monitor, govern, and control its population through surveillance and record keeping.
They increase monitoring over time.
Theories on the formation of modern states focus on the processes that support the development of modern states, particularly those that formed in late-medieval Europe and then spread around the world with colonialism. Starting in the 1940s and 1950s, with decolonization processes underway, attention began to focus on the formation and construction of modern states with significant bureaucracies, ability to tax, and territorial sovereignty around the world. However, some scholars hold that the modern state model formed in other parts of the world prior to colonialism, but that colonial structures replaced it.
What is it trying to solve?
Research has shown that in Somalia, men have been adversely affected psychologically by the widespread break-up of families and prolonged separation from their spouses and children due to war and conflict It is therefore imperative that in promoting sustainable peace, the physical, social, economic, and psychological wellbeing of all members of society are catered for. However, we should ensure that all members of society men, women, and youth are well supported for successful reintegration into society and adaptation to the change in the status quo in the ‘next phase’ after peace building What happens to these groups after peace building, and how can post-peace building challenges be addressed to prevent fuelling tensions and conflicts. Issues of Security, the degree of resistance to, or protection from, harm. It applies to any vulnerable and/or valuable asset, such as a person, dwelling, community, item, nation, or organization is one of the emblem of a good state, also aimless immigration of the youth, unemployment, violence, internal conflict versus inter conflict and terrorism.
How is Good governance and State Building grounded in providing lasting solution?
No stone must be left on unturned, it should be noted that it is the responsibility of everyone to promote peace, love for one another, it might look like debate, but it is a frank truth that for peace to rein a State must be in good order. Analyzing the above fact and figures we will discovered that all these challenges requires collectiveness of global attention on the basic core and our common values of which does not limited to Vision and Mission of American country.
How practical is it?
Peace building activities address the root causes or potential causes of violence, create a societal expectation for peaceful conflict resolution, and stabilize society politically and socioeconomically.
First, peace building can refer to direct work that intentionally focuses on addressing the factors driving or mitigating conflict. When applying the term "peace building" to this work, there is an explicit attempt by those designing and planning a peace building effort to reduce structural or direct violence.
Second, the term peace building can also refer to efforts to coordinate a multi-level, multi-sector strategy, including ensuring that there is funding and proper communication and coordination mechanisms between humanitarian assistance, development, governance, security, justice and other sectors that may not use the term "peace building" to describe themselves.
Good Governance, restructuring, State Building, Agriculture, Energy Resource, Housing, Security, Water dam, and Education as factors for development and peaceful sustenance of a Nation.
COMMUNITY BENEFIT and PLANET EARTH BENEFIT
Good Governance, Restructuring Build NationNatural resources:
Improve access to health care services, SportAlum potash.
Enhance Energy/Power., Good Road NetworkDiatomaceous Earth.
Improve and Encourage Agriculture, Research. Water.
Build Dam, Employment, Create Industries. Sand. Rock.
Security, Respect Value/Culture and Education.Solar power etc
EARTH OBLIGATION TO HUMMANITY COMMUNITY OBLIGATION TO EARTH
Solar-Sun Shine, Rain Fall, Snow, DewDo not encroach the earth
Diatomaceous Earth, Water, Rock, Sand, Alum potash.Plant a tree
Gold, Diamond, Sliver, Plant benefit (Manure)Discourage Excess Lumbering
Precious stones / Go green in every sport zone
If all this analysis is taken into consideration, there will be solid restructuring.
What is restructuring According to Wikipedia said restructuring is the corporate management term for the act of reorganizing the legal, ownership, operational, or other structures of a company for the purpose of making it more profitable, or better organized for its present needs. Other reasons for restructuring include a change of ownership or ownership structure, demerger, or a response to a crisis or major change in the business such as bankruptcy, repositioning, or buyout. Restructuring may also be described as corporate restructuring, debt restructuring and financial restructuring.
Executives involved in restructuring often hire financial and legal advisors to assist in the transaction details and negotiation. It may also be done by a new CEO hired specifically to make the difficult and controversial decisions required to save or reposition the company. It generally involves financing debt, selling portions of the company to investors, and reorganizing or reducing operations.
It will be more realistic if the leaders can put in place policy, constitution that will support good governance, respect for citizen, equity/equality, ICT that work, Including telecommunications liberalization, privatization, and regulation; Internet services, such as e-connectivity, e-government, e-commerce; postal and broadcast services. In addition, the need for infrastructure improvements in the developing state is critical. Untold numbers of businesses suffer from lack of reliable power for industrial processes or because they cannot get their goods to the market. At the most basic level, millions of lives are threatened every day for lack of clean water or safe sanitation, good job and promote Millennium Development Goals as we welcome afresh peace building.
Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa
www.coe.int › Democracy › Good governance