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Experience Pool: Crowd-sourcing farmer feedback about farm inputs' quality

Survey farmers about farm inputs' quality & widely disseminate resultant quality ratings, using incentivized locals to run back-end calls.

Photo of Ali Hasanain

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EXPLAIN YOUR IDEA

Developing country farmers are often faced with poor quality farming inputs, or inputs whose quality is simply unknown to them. Although many development practitioners had tackled this problem in the past, an effective and practical solution had been elusive. In a recently concluded pilot project, our academic team partnered with the Pakistani government to proactively collect and disseminate quality data to farmers, relying on a centralized call centre to conduct farmer interviews after initial data collection by government agents equipped with smartphones. Not only did the project significantly improve farmers’ decisions regarding inputs, decreasing wastage and improving effectiveness, it also proved to be relatively cheap and scalable, with a 300% return on investment. Although economically viable, this previous pilot incurred the monthly expense of the call centre. For severely resource-constrained governments like Pakistan’s, it is important to lower recurring costs to reduce the fragility of the project in the face of future financial constraints. In order to do this, we intend to make one major modification in the existing program: we will incentivize other farmers located in the region to take out some time to conduct phone interviews. This will reduce costs, create work for locals during inactive periods (much like Uber), and the decreased social distance between the caller and the farmer will likely yield better information for our ratings platform.

WHO BENEFITS?

Primary beneficiaries are: a) farmers, especially those with small holdings, who purchase inputs from suppliers generally, and in the case of our pilot, from the artificial insemination market; and b) input providers who have hitherto been unable to distinguish themselves as being high-quality. Secondary beneficiaries are locals who conduct back-end calls for a piece rate. For more, please see the User Experience Map uploaded as a PDF attachment below.

WHERE WILL YOUR IDEA BE IMPLEMENTED?

Our initial tests will build on our previous pilot in Sahiwal district of Punjab Province in Pakistan, which is known for a large livestock stock. We will seek to expand into other markets and regions if the tests prove successful.

ARE YOU IMPLEMENTING IN AN ELIGIBLE COUNTRY?

  • Yes

EXPERTISE IN SECTOR

  • I’ve worked in a sector related to my idea for over a year

EXPERIENCE IN IMPLEMENTATION COUNTRY(IES)

  • Yes, for more than one year.

TELL US MORE ABOUT YOU!

I am a research fellow at Princeton, and an Assistant Professor of Economics at the Lahore University of Management Sciences, Pakistan. This project is in collaboration with Arman Rezaee, an Assistant Professor at UC, Davis. We have implemented tech solutions to dev problems in Pakistan for 6 years.

IS THIS IDEA NEW FOR YOU OR YOUR ORGANIZATION?

The idea of crowd-sourcing farmers' opinions about inputs, and then disseminating aggregated quality ratings to future customers of the input, is not new to us as a research team. Arman Rezaee and I, along with our co-author Yasir Khan and a group of bright research assistants, have worked with the local government to develop, pilot and then implement this idea locally, with great success. The additional idea of moving from a professional call-center to distributed locals incentivized to conduct these calls in their free time, is new to us.

HOW IS YOUR IDEA UNIQUE?

Many organizations are working to provide farmers with actionable information; early research demonstrated the value of cellphones in allowing Indian fisherman and Niger farmers to trade more efficiently. However, some initiatives to provide price, weather and crop advisories, such as Reuters Market Light in India, failed to impact farm results. We speculate that this may have been due to the information being insufficiently localized. In contrast, our implementation of a platform for crowd-sourcing and aggregating farm input quality information proved highly successful in the pilot we have completed. We believe that this may be due to the highly localized and economically relevant information being provided. Our divergence from other initiatives is in seeking to use distributed and part-time calling agents for our backend. We bring two advantages to bear on this effort: 1) having an existing platform allows us to test our innovation with minimal overhead effort in creating the information-sharing audience. 2) our existing experience strengthened our ability to evaluate the likely usefulness to farmers of information being shared on the platform.

WHO WILL IMPLEMENT THIS IDEA?

Arman Rezaee and I will implement the idea in close partnership. I will manage our relationship with a technology partner to develop our existing software platform further in the way proposed, and will take the lead in working with the Punjab Government, our close partner in implementation. Arman will play the lead on data analytics. Importantly, he will also lead our effort to calibrate the correct incentive levels to induce backend callers to conduct regular and high quality calls.

HOW HAS YOUR IDEA CHANGED BECAUSE OF BENEFICIARY FEEDBACK?

The input quality side of the project had already benefited from extensive beneficiary feedback. We focused here on studying the proposed volunteer caller. We surveyed 28 poor, rural respondents selected in a convenience sample. We described the project, focusing on the possibility of them conducting phone interviews with local farmers following a pre-existing script. We asked them about their willingness to use the app and conduct these calls. We got an overwhelmingly positive response, with over 85% (24 out of 28) claiming they would be interested in participating in the project, would install an app to do so, and be willing to undergo training. We were surprised that only 5 out of 24 were willing to volunteer their free time to make calls for free. We had anticipated being able to appeal to individuals' desire to see others' benefit much more. However, 22 out of 24 were willing to work in exchange for phone credit and every single respondent was willing to work in exchange for mobile money. Hence, our project now emphasizes incentivizing callers through piece-rates much more than previously. We will rely less than originally expected on callers volunteering time.

WHAT ARE SOME OF YOUR UNANSWERED QUESTIONS ABOUT THIS IDEA?

The first unanswered question is: what is the efficient piece-rate to offer callers in order for them to complete a call? Offering a low rate will likely reduce call quality and the app's success amongst callers. Offering a higher-than-necessary rate will be needlessly costlessly and reduce the ability to expand. Second, we don't know how well these amateur calling agents will conduct calls. Will farmers be more likely to hang up or stop app usage if the person on the other end of the line doesn't sound as professional as before? Third, we don't know how long we will retain the average caller. High turnover would make quality training less efficient. The reverse would also be true.

WHY DO YOU THINK THE PROBLEM YOUR IDEA SOLVES FOR HASN'T BEEN SOLVED YET?

Tech - Until recently, smartphone penetration in Pakistan's rural areas was negligible. Only since late 2014 have low-end smartphones in Pakistan dropped into the $60-80 range. The cheapest ones today are as low as $40. This means that the pool of people we can now tap into to make phone calls to farmers is much larger than in the past. Slow increase in farmer adoption of cellphone services - Most farmers in rural countries are still only adopting their first feature phones. Studies show that cellphone use increases familiarity with alphanumeric characters and literacy, but it takes time to move from adoption of basic cell functions to complex IVRs and Robocalls.

WHAT WOULD YOU ULTIMATELY LIKE TO ACHIEVE WITH THIS IDEA? WHAT IS YOUR NEXT STEP TO GET THERE?

If the pilot proposed here is successful, the next step is to scale it to ratings of other farm inputs, such as seeds, fertilizers and pesticides (which all suffer from tampering/adulteration in developing countries). Ultimately, the goal is to become a general product rating system with farmer-requested product categories that enables high-quality inputs to increase their market share thus generating increases in agricultural productivity in poor countries with low-capacity governments.

MEMBERS OF MY TEAM HAVE BEEN WORKING TOGETHER FOR:

  • More than a year

MY INTENDED BENEFICIARIES ARE:

  • Within 50 km of where our team does most of its work
  • Within 100 km of where our team does most of its work
  • Within in 500 km of where our team does most of its work
  • More than 500 km from where our team does most of its work

MY ORGANIZATION'S OPERATING BUDGET FOR 2015 WAS:

  • Between $100,000 and $500,000

Farmers are often faced with the problem of having to use a good or service before its quality is known. Was this seed better than the competition? Is that pesticide effective in my conditions? Farmers typically get one outcome data point for a complex combination of multiple inputs and other conditions. The inability to make the right choices about what input to use causes heavy losses in poor countries' agricultural sectors.

In developed countries, this fundamental problem is solved through experimental research and regulations controlling quality. In underdeveloped countries, the institutional capacity to adopt either of these solutions is typically lacking. Instead, farmers rely on their own experiences and what they learn through word of mouth. This data is usually both noisy and lagged.

Research in developed country markets has demonstrated that quality and other outcomes are substantially improved by the implementation of ratings systems. In underdeveloped countries, past attempts to replicate such systems have either been prohibitively costly, or simply not worked.

Our core solution to this problem was to create a Yelp-like system that solicited feedback proactively from farmers, aggregated and processed that information, and provided it back to the farming community as a ranking of the quality of service providers. Farmers could then use this information to switch suppliers or pressurize their existing supplier to improve the quality of supply.

Importantly, we ensured that the ratings information was truthful in two ways: (a) we conducted spot-checking of a sample of the reported information by reaching out directly to farmers and asking them to verify the information we had received; and (b) we did not start disseminating information until we had had the chance to build a large pool of responses, such that individual variations in ratings did not affect the overall rankings too much. 

Our pilot successfully demonstrated, in the Artificial Insemination of large ruminants, that such a system improved the service provision for farmers (the rate of successful pregnancies following Artificial Insemination rose 27%) , and thus their economic outcomes (we demonstrated a $32 per month increase in household income for farmers living on approximately twice that amount).

This heavily managed system was an initial proof of concept. Although it had highly positive rates of return, it would rely in the long-term on unreliable government funding. We now plan to pursue a modification of our original project design to lower costs and decrease dependence on public financing.

We intend to create an app that invites distributed smartphone users proximate to our farmers to conduct interviews with them. If viable, we will also create monetary incentives for these recruits (members of our team have worked in the past on optimizing incentives in real-time in a similar context).

Recruits will see available calls and be paid, possibly through mobile money, to make those calls.  Before the calls are made, the participant will be provided training to ensure they conduct high quality phone interviews. After the calls are made, we will implement random validation of call quality either by administrators or other calling agents.

In the long-term, we want to implement a more general ratings system where user-created ratings are systematically collectivized, and review requests are endogenously generated. Smartphone prices are falling rapidly, so it is now viable for individuals in even very remote areas to download and utilize an app that potentially pays them for their services.


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Attachments (5)

App screenshots.docx

We used this as additional material during our survey, to show respondents the type of app they may need to interact with.

Survey instrument.docx

We used this questionnaire in conducting our beneficiary survey.

User Experience Map.pdf

This User Experience Map documents the experience of a caller making phone calls for the program through the proposed app. It only indirectly discusses the experience of farmers who will benefit from the extra information. Details of that experience are already documented in the workflow images uploaded above.

172 comments

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Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Food security refers to the availability of food and one's access to it. The World
Health Organization defines three facets of food security: food availability, food
access, and food use. India faces a threefold challenge to achieve food security; to
match the rapidly changing demand for food from a larger and more affluent
population to its supply; do so in ways that are environmentally and socially
sustainable; and ensure that the poorest people are no longer hungry. This challenge
requires changes in the way food is produced, stored, processed, distributed, and
accessed. Increase in production will have an important part to play, but they will be
considered as never before by the finite resources provided by Earth’s land, oceans and
atmosphere. Prevention of postharvest loss is increasingly cited as a means to
effectively contribute to available food supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Dear Mr. Ali
Firstly take my heartiest congratulation for your innovative initiation .   In my country specially my state West Bengal are mostly small holdings farmers . They are not literate about IT . I think your idea will be implemented here with some different manner . We are thinking about 360 degree help to the poorest farmers and empower women for gender equality to reduce agriculture wastage to restore their economic viability .

Regards
Dr. Sukumar Kar  

Spam
Photo of Ali Hasanain
Team

Dear Dr. Kar, 

Thank you for your kind words. There are two separate citizen-related parts of this project:

1) The back-end process requires citizens to make calls using a proposed app, as demonstrated in the User Experience Map. I agree partially with your criticism there, since IT and smartphone literacy/competency will be important for these people. However, since we need only a few people to participate in this, we are not worried about sustainability even in very poor and uneducated communities - as long as a few people are willing to use the app, we should be able to sustain operations.

2) The main user of the end product is small-holder farmers. These farmers simply receive a phone call and converse with the caller about their input quality. There is no IT literacy required. We have already conducted rigorous testing of this component in Sahiwal District in Pakistan over two years, with very poor farmers typically owning two animals per household only. There was very high uptake of the project among these poor farmers, which makes us confident that it can be scaled in other poor/less-educated communities as well.

Finally, there is the requirement of some basic smartphone familiarity and literacy for the input providers (in our case veterinary officers) who provide the service and feed the citizen's number into the system initially. I have directly implemented such systems across various government services in Pakistan, where education levels are typically poor, and have not yet struggled with the provider's ability to use the app. In part, this is because our team is usually able to develop both the app and training materials in the local language.

Once again, thank you for your kind comments, and please let me know if I can provide any further details.
Warm regards,
Ali

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

There is the requirement of some basic smartphone familiarity and literacy for the input providers (in our case veterinary officers) who provide the service and feed the citizen's number into the system initially. I have directly implemented such systems across various government services in Pakistan, where education levels are typically poor, and have not yet struggled with the provider's ability to use the app. In part, this is because our team is usually able to develop both the app and training materials in the local language.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

There is the requirement of some basic smartphone familiarity and literacy for the input providers (in our case veterinary officers) who provide the service and feed the citizen's number into the system initially. I have directly implemented such systems across various government services in Pakistan, where education levels are typically poor, and have not yet struggled with the provider's ability to use the app. In part, this is because our team is usually able to develop both the app and training materials in the local language.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

The main user of the end product is small-holder farmers. These farmers simply receive a phone call and converse with the caller about their input quality. There is no IT literacy required. We have already conducted rigorous testing of this component in Sahiwal District in Pakistan over two years, with very poor farmers typically owning two animals per household only. There was very high uptake of the project among these poor farmers, which makes us confident that it can be scaled in other poor/less-educated communities as well.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

The main user of the end product is small-holder farmers. These farmers simply receive a phone call and converse with the caller about their input quality. There is no IT literacy required. We have already conducted rigorous testing of this component in Sahiwal District in Pakistan over two years, with very poor farmers typically owning two animals per household only. There was very high uptake of the project among these poor farmers, which makes us confident that it can be scaled in other poor/less-educated communities as well.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Food security refers to the availability of food and one's access to it. The World
Health Organization defines three facets of food security: food availability, food
access, and food use. India faces a threefold challenge to achieve food security; to
match the rapidly changing demand for food from a larger and more affluent
population to its supply; do so in ways that are environmentally and socially
sustainable; and ensure that the poorest people are no longer hungry. This challenge
requires changes in the way food is produced, stored, processed, distributed, and
accessed. Increase in production will have an important part to play, but they will be
considered as never before by the finite resources provided by Earth’s land, oceans and
atmosphere. Prevention of postharvest loss is increasingly cited as a means to
effectively contribute to available food supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Food security refers to the availability of food and one's access to it. The World
Health Organization defines three facets of food security: food availability, food
access, and food use. India faces a threefold challenge to achieve food security; to
match the rapidly changing demand for food from a larger and more affluent
population to its supply; do so in ways that are environmentally and socially
sustainable; and ensure that the poorest people are no longer hungry. This challenge
requires changes in the way food is produced, stored, processed, distributed, and
accessed. Increase in production will have an important part to play, but they will be
considered as never before by the finite resources provided by Earth’s land, oceans and
atmosphere. Prevention of postharvest loss is increasingly cited as a means to
effectively contribute to available food supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

 The World
Health Organization defines three facets of food security: food availability, food
access, and food use. India faces a threefold challenge to achieve food security; to
match the rapidly changing demand for food from a larger and more affluent
population to its supply; do so in ways that are environmentally and socially
sustainable; and ensure that the poorest people are no longer hungry. This challenge
requires changes in the way food is produced, stored, processed, distributed, and
accessed. Increase in production will have an important part to play, but they will be
considered as never before by the finite resources provided by Earth’s land, oceans and
atmosphere. Prevention of postharvest loss is increasingly cited as a means to
effectively contribute to available food supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

 The World
Health Organization defines three facets of food security: food availability, food
access, and food use. India faces a threefold challenge to achieve food security; to
match the rapidly changing demand for food from a larger and more affluent
population to its supply; do so in ways that are environmentally and socially
sustainable; and ensure that the poorest people are no longer hungry. This challenge
requires changes in the way food is produced, stored, processed, distributed, and
accessed. Increase in production will have an important part to play, but they will be
considered as never before by the finite resources provided by Earth’s land, oceans and
atmosphere. Prevention of postharvest loss is increasingly cited as a means to
effectively contribute to available food supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

To
match the rapidly changing demand for food from a larger and more affluent
population to its supply; do so in ways that are environmentally and socially
sustainable; and ensure that the poorest people are no longer hungry. This challenge
requires changes in the way food is produced, stored, processed, distributed, and
accessed. Increase in production will have an important part to play, but they will be
considered as never before by the finite resources provided by Earth’s land, oceans and
atmosphere. Prevention of postharvest loss is increasingly cited as a means to
effectively contribute to available food supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

To
match the rapidly changing demand for food from a larger and more affluent
population to its supply; do so in ways that are environmentally and socially
sustainable; and ensure that the poorest people are no longer hungry. This challenge
requires changes in the way food is produced, stored, processed, distributed, and
accessed. Increase in production will have an important part to play, but they will be
considered as never before by the finite resources provided by Earth’s land, oceans and
atmosphere. Prevention of postharvest loss is increasingly cited as a means to
effectively contribute to available food supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Agriculture is and will continue to be the main driver of country's economic growth with social justice. Our agriculture did extremely well and it was on the ascendancy till the mid nineties but after that the growth slowed down. Since 1996-97 the growth rate of agricultural GDP has been, on an average, 1.75 % per year in contrast with the rate of 4% that is required. On the other hand the farmer has been facing rising input costs, declining returns from the inputs, uncertain market, increasing role of market in agriculture and blurring of distinction between the domestic market and the international market. To assist the farmer in these changing contexts new strategies and innovative solutions are urgently required which in turn will require technological support. Hence the agricultural research system which generates technologies, has to conduct the business of agricultural research in an innovative way.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

 Our agriculture did extremely well and it was on the ascendancy till the mid nineties but after that the growth slowed down. Since 1996-97 the growth rate of agricultural GDP has been, on an average, 1.75 % per year in contrast with the rate of 4% that is required. On the other hand the farmer has been facing rising input costs, declining returns from the inputs, uncertain market, increasing role of market in agriculture and blurring of distinction between the domestic market and the international market. To assist the farmer in these changing contexts new strategies and innovative solutions are urgently required which in turn will require technological support. Hence the agricultural research system which generates technologies, has to conduct the business of agricultural research in an innovative way.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Agriculture is and will continue to be the main driver of country's economic growth with social justice. Our agriculture did extremely well and it was on the ascendancy till the mid nineties but after that the growth slowed down. Since 1996-97 the growth rate of agricultural GDP has been, on an average, 1.75 % per year in contrast with the rate of 4% that is required. On the other hand the farmer has been facing rising input costs, declining returns from the inputs, uncertain market, increasing role of market in agriculture and blurring of distinction between the domestic market and the international market. To assist the farmer in these changing contexts new strategies and innovative solutions are urgently required which in turn will require technological support. Hence the agricultural research system which generates technologies, has to conduct the business of agricultural research in an innovative way.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

 New Hampshire to work on mapping out the website, the forums, and the methodology of our events, and building a strategic plan for the community. Now, a year later, they have been joined by core members of the community: Dorn Cox of Tuckaway Farms in NH, Rob Rock of Pitchfork Farm in VT, RJ Steinert, Drupal developer, Andy Wekin of Pedal Power, Chris Yoder of Van Gardens CSA and a few others are holding strong and working to develop more and better programming. We have now had 7 ‘Farm Hack’ gatherings across the Northeast and are starting to branch out into other formats, both online and in person.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Farmers, computer programmers, electrical designers, and organizers gathered again in New Hampshire to work on mapping out the website, the forums, and the methodology of our events, and building a strategic plan for the community. Now, a year later, they have been joined by core members of the community: Dorn Cox of Tuckaway Farms in NH, Rob Rock of Pitchfork Farm in VT, RJ Steinert, Drupal developer, Andy Wekin of Pedal Power, Chris Yoder of Van Gardens CSA and a few others are holding strong and working to develop more and better programming. We have now had 7 ‘Farm Hack’ gatherings across the Northeast and are starting to branch out into other formats, both online and in person.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

But most of us have only a few options for participating in the local food movement: visiting the farmers market or signing up for a community supported agriculture (CSA) subscription. As the movement continues to grow and evolve, however, social entrepreneurs are experimenting with novel ways to make local agriculture an integral part of urban life.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Farmers have long been tinkering, designing and building farm technology on their farms and sharing it with neighbors. However, with the rise of industrial agriculture, the culture of on-farm tinkering, resourcefulness and scrappy adaptation was replaced with expensive, high-tech farm machinery. The goal of Farm Hack is to rejuvenate the historically rich culture of on-farm innovation, sharing and collaborative design and move it forward in support of a more resilient agricultural system.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Farmers have long been tinkering, designing and building farm technology on their farms and sharing it with neighbors. However, with the rise of industrial agriculture, the culture of on-farm tinkering, resourcefulness and scrappy adaptation was replaced with expensive, high-tech farm machinery. The goal of Farm Hack is to rejuvenate the historically rich culture of on-farm innovation, sharing and collaborative design and move it forward in support of a more resilient agricultural system.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

But most of us have only a few options for participating in the local food movement: visiting the farmers market or signing up for a community supported agriculture (CSA) subscription. As the movement continues to grow and evolve, however, social entrepreneurs are experimenting with novel ways to make local agriculture an integral part of urban life.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

These tiny little gardens are made of, what else, greeting cards. The idea was to create both a memorable card and a functional way to grow something sweet. The cards obviously aren't meant to grow full tomato plants, but it is a way to green up your desk space. Each postcarden comes with cress seeds that will start to grow in a few days and last for about two weeks.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

These tiny little gardens are made of, what else, greeting cards. The idea was to create both a memorable card and a functional way to grow something sweet. The cards obviously aren't meant to grow full tomato plants, but it is a way to green up your desk space. Each postcarden comes with cress seeds that will start to grow in a few days and last for about two weeks.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

For small holding farmers in backward districts of West Bengal i,e Purulia, Bankura and Birbhum shall be made. Actions shall also include adding additional fleet of Mobile Agri-Clinic Vans to increasingly cover new areas both intensively and extensively, a permanent ‘Seed-Bank’ and also Mini Storages for temporary preservation of vegetables and fruit. A dedicated IT enabled support system for “Better Din” project’s 24x7 Help Line which will give the bottom line farmers a 360 degree support to easily access information.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Introduction of Innovative ‘Alternative Agriculture Cultivation (AAC) for small holding farmers in backward districts of West Bengal i,e Purulia, Bankura and Birbhum shall be made. Actions shall also include adding additional fleet of Mobile Agri-Clinic Vans to increasingly cover new areas both intensively and extensively, a permanent ‘Seed-Bank’ and also Mini Storages for temporary preservation of vegetables and fruit. A dedicated IT enabled support system for “Better Din” project’s 24x7 Help Line which will give the bottom line farmers a 360 degree support to easily access information.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

 INDIANS waste as much food as the whole of United Kingdom consumes – a statistic that may not so much indicative of our love of surfeit, as it is of our population. Still, food wastage is an alarming issue in India. Our street and garbage bins, landfills have sufficient proof to prove it.
Weddings, canteens, hotels, social and family functions, households spew out so much food. According to the United Nations Development Programme, up to 40% of the food produced in India is wasted. About 21 million tonnes of wheat are wasted in India and 50% of all food across the world meets the same fate and never reaches the needy. In fact, according to the agriculture ministry, Rs. 50,000 crore worth of food produced is wasted every year in the country.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

A statistic that may not so much indicative of our love of surfeit, as it is of our population. Still, food wastage is an alarming issue in India. Our street and garbage bins, landfills have sufficient proof to prove it.
Weddings, canteens, hotels, social and family functions, households spew out so much food. According to the United Nations Development Programme, up to 40% of the food produced in India is wasted. About 21 million tonnes of wheat are wasted in India and 50% of all food across the world meets the same fate and never reaches the needy. In fact, according to the agriculture ministry, Rs. 50,000 crore worth of food produced is wasted every year in the country.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

INDIANS waste as much food as the whole of United Kingdom consumes – a statistic that may not so much indicative of our love of surfeit, as it is of our population. Still, food wastage is an alarming issue in India. Our street and garbage bins, landfills have sufficient proof to prove it.
Weddings, canteens, hotels, social and family functions, households spew out so much food. According to the United Nations Development Programme, up to 40% of the food produced in India is wasted. About 21 million tonnes of wheat are wasted in India and 50% of all food across the world meets the same fate and never reaches the needy. In fact, according to the agriculture ministry, Rs. 50,000 crore worth of food produced is wasted every year in the country.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

As it is of our population. Still, food wastage is an alarming issue in India. Our street and garbage bins, landfills have sufficient proof to prove it.
Weddings, canteens, hotels, social and family functions, households spew out so much food. According to the United Nations Development Programme, up to 40% of the food produced in India is wasted. About 21 million tonnes of wheat are wasted in India and 50% of all food across the world meets the same fate and never reaches the needy. In fact, according to the agriculture ministry, Rs. 50,000 crore worth of food produced is wasted every year in the country.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

INDIANS waste as much food as the whole of United Kingdom consumes – a statistic that may not so much indicative of our love of surfeit, as it is of our population. Still, food wastage is an alarming issue in India. Our street and garbage bins, landfills have sufficient proof to prove it.
Weddings, canteens, hotels, social and family functions, households spew out so much food. According to the United Nations Development Programme, up to 40% of the food produced in India is wasted. About 21 million tonnes of wheat are wasted in India and 50% of all food across the world meets the same fate and never reaches the needy. In fact, according to the agriculture ministry, Rs. 50,000 crore worth of food produced is wasted every year in the country.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

INDIANS waste as much food as the whole of United Kingdom consumes – a statistic that may not so much indicative of our love of surfeit, as it is of our population. Still, food wastage is an alarming issue in India. Our street and garbage bins, landfills have sufficient proof to prove it.
Weddings, canteens, hotels, social and family functions, households spew out so much food. According to the United Nations Development Programme, up to 40% of the food produced in India is wasted. About 21 million tonnes of wheat are wasted in India and 50% of all food across the world meets the same fate and never reaches the needy. In fact, according to the agriculture ministry, Rs. 50,000 crore worth of food produced is wasted every year in the country.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

As it is of our population. Still, food wastage is an alarming issue in India. Our street and garbage bins, landfills have sufficient proof to prove it.
Weddings, canteens, hotels, social and family functions, households spew out so much food. According to the United Nations Development Programme, up to 40% of the food produced in India is wasted. About 21 million tonnes of wheat are wasted in India and 50% of all food across the world meets the same fate and never reaches the needy. In fact, according to the agriculture ministry, Rs. 50,000 crore worth of food produced is wasted every year in the country.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

A statistic that may not so much indicative of our love of surfeit, as it is of our population. Still, food wastage is an alarming issue in India. Our street and garbage bins, landfills have sufficient proof to prove it.
Weddings, canteens, hotels, social and family functions, households spew out so much food. According to the United Nations Development Programme, up to 40% of the food produced in India is wasted. About 21 million tonnes of wheat are wasted in India and 50% of all food across the world meets the same fate and never reaches the needy. In fact, according to the agriculture ministry, Rs. 50,000 crore worth of food produced is wasted every year in the country.

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Team

 In particular, the flow of nonsubstitutable
goods and services from ecosystems must be sustained. Much early
discussion about sustainability has focused on readily measurable intermediate
outcomes such as increased economic performance, greater energy efficiency, better
urban design, improved transport systems, better conservation of recreational
amenities, and so on. These are the true ends of sustainability— and there has been
some recognition that their attainment, and their sharing, will be optimized by reducing
the rich-poor divide. Our soil, water, native vegetation and oceans need to be
sustainably managed so we can continue to produce food, improve our productivity
and protect our environment.

Spam
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Team

A statistic that may not so much indicative of our love of surfeit, as it is of our population. Still, food wastage is an alarming issue in India. Our street and garbage bins, landfills have sufficient proof to prove it.
Weddings, canteens, hotels, social and family functions, households spew out so much food. According to the United Nations Development Programme, up to 40% of the food produced in India is wasted. About 21 million tonnes of wheat are wasted in India and 50% of all food across the world meets the same fate and never reaches the needy. In fact, according to the agriculture ministry, Rs. 50,000 crore worth of food produced is wasted every year in the country.

Spam
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Team

Some measures that the government needs to take include containing wastage in transportation, improve storage facilities (the cold storage chain is 50% less than required and that too needs to be brought up to world standards), food processing also needs to be sped up so food is saved and wasted less to feed more.
While you may not be able to reduce food lost during production, you can certainly reduce food at your personal level of food waste. Every step taken in the right direction counts.
Here’s what one can do on a more personal level to contain the food wastage:

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Team

 Food losses arising at the retail, food services (pre- consumer) and postconsumer
stages of the food chain have grown dramatically in recent years, for a
variety of reasons. Different strategies are required to tackle the two types of waste.
Food loss and waste also amount to a major squandering of resources, including water,
land, energy, labour and capital and needlessly produce greenhouse gas emissions,
contributing to global warming and climate change.

Spam
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Team

Some measures that the government needs to take include containing wastage in transportation, improve storage facilities (the cold storage chain is 50% less than required and that too needs to be brought up to world standards), food processing also needs to be sped up so food is saved and wasted less to feed more.
While you may not be able to reduce food lost during production, you can certainly reduce food at your personal level of food waste. Every step taken in the right direction counts.
Here’s what one can do on a more personal level to contain the food wastage:

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

It's estimated that, on average, 30 to 50 percent of the world's food is never
consumed. Food losses arising at the retail, food services (pre- consumer) and postconsumer
stages of the food chain have grown dramatically in recent years, for a
variety of reasons. Different strategies are required to tackle the two types of waste.
Food loss and waste also amount to a major squandering of resources, including water,
land, energy, labour and capital and needlessly produce greenhouse gas emissions,
contributing to global warming and climate change.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

The World
Health Organization defines three facets of food security: food availability, food
access, and food use. India faces a threefold challenge to achieve food security; to
match the rapidly changing demand for food from a larger and more affluent
population to its supply; do so in ways that are environmentally and socially
sustainable; and ensure that the poorest people are no longer hungry. This challenge
requires changes in the way food is produced, stored, processed, distributed, and
accessed. Increase in production will have an important part to play, but they will be
considered as never before by the finite resources provided by Earth’s land, oceans and
atmosphere. Prevention of postharvest loss is increasingly cited as a means to
effectively contribute to available food supplies.

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Team

Food security refers to the availability of food and one's access to it. The World
Health Organization defines three facets of food security: food availability, food
access, and food use. India faces a threefold challenge to achieve food security; to
match the rapidly changing demand for food from a larger and more affluent
population to its supply; do so in ways that are environmentally and socially
sustainable; and ensure that the poorest people are no longer hungry. This challenge
requires changes in the way food is produced, stored, processed, distributed, and
accessed. Increase in production will have an important part to play, but they will be
considered as never before by the finite resources provided by Earth’s land, oceans and
atmosphere. Prevention of postharvest loss is increasingly cited as a means to
effectively contribute to available food supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

India remains an important global agricultural player; despite the fact that
agriculture’s share in the country’s economy is declining. It has the world’s largest
area under cultivation for wheat, rice, and cotton, and is the world’s largest producer of
milk, pulses, and spices (World Bank 2012). While India has seen impressive
economic growth in recent years, the country still struggles with widespread poverty
and hunger. India is home to 25 percent of the world’s hungry population. An
estimated 43 per cent of children under the age of five years are malnourished (WFP
2012).

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Team

 Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91 India ).

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

India remains an important global agricultural player; despite the fact that
agriculture’s share in the country’s economy is declining. It has the world’s largest
area under cultivation for wheat, rice, and cotton, and is the world’s largest producer of
milk, pulses, and spices (World Bank 2012). While India has seen impressive
economic growth in recent years, the country still struggles with widespread poverty
and hunger. India is home to 25 percent of the world’s hungry population. An
estimated 43 per cent of children under the age of five years are malnourished (WFP
2012).

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Project targets alleviation of root cause of poverty of small holding farmers in this part of the country learning of which can be utilized all over poverty - stricken countries. Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91 India ).

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Project targets alleviation of root cause of poverty of small holding farmers in this part of the country learning of which can be utilized all over poverty - stricken countries. Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Project targets alleviation of root cause of poverty of small holding farmers in this part of the country learning of which can be utilized all over poverty - stricken countries. Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

which can be utilized all over poverty - stricken countries. Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

 Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Project targets alleviation of root cause of poverty of small holding farmers in this part of the country learning of which can be utilized all over poverty - stricken countries. Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Government subsidies and other assist-
ance provide some relief, but many small
farmers remain illiterate and impover
-
ished, with limited access to mainstream
services. They operate in isolation, with
little or no bargaining capacity. They also
lack access to capital and credit as well
as high-quality agricultural practices
and markets that could improve
their productivity.
What these farmers need are reliable,
convenient, and sustainable solutions that
address their challenges.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Project targets alleviation of root cause of poverty of small holding farmers in this part of the country learning of which can be utilized all over poverty - stricken countries. Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Project targets alleviation of root cause of poverty of small holding farmers in this part of the country learning of which can be utilized all over poverty - stricken countries. Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours. Thus Such Food Chillers Can Efficiently Operate

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours. Thus Such Food Chillers Can Efficiently Operate

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours. Thus Such Food Chillers Can Efficiently Operate

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

The main user of the end product is small-holder farmers. These farmers simply receive a phone call and converse with the caller about their input quality. There is no IT literacy required. We have already conducted rigorous testing of this component in Sahiwal District in Pakistan over two years, with very poor farmers typically owning two animals per household only. There was very high uptake of the project among these poor farmers, which makes us confident that it can be scaled in other poor/less-educated communities as well.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours. Thus Such Food Chillers Can Efficiently Operate

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours. Thus Such Food Chillers Can Efficiently Operate

Spam
Photo of Chioma Ume
Team

Hi Ali! 

The Amplify team and our experts have some feedback for you:

Could you tell us a bit more about how farmers will be able to use the crowdsourced information to inform their decisions about which inputs to purchase. Filling in a User Experience Map could be a good way to help us understand. 

I like how this idea has progressed! Have you considered handing it off to an implementing partner on the ground, with the academic team as advisors, so faster rounds of future iteration could occur?

How can you ensure ratings aren't open to abuse/falsification? 2) How will the aggregated info be available to farmers when they want/need it? Are you familiar with Sidai Africa? They use franchised services to provide farmers with quality services/products under a common brandname http://www.sidai.com 

Looking forward to learning more! 

Spam
Photo of Ali Hasanain
Team

Thank you Chioma, and thanks to the reviewers for their valuable feedback.

I will incorporate these responses into our final edits, but let me respond in detail here:

- We have already begun providing farmers crowdsourced information through the initial project described above. Since we provide farmers a list of service providers along with their quality rankings and contact information, they are able to use the information to either switch to better providers or put pressure on their existing provider to improve the quality of service provided. This has resulted in less wastage of the animal's productive lifespan, and of insemination inputs.

Interestingly, our rigorous evaluation using a Randomized Control Trial (RCT) demonstrated a 27% increase in successful pregnancies through Artificial Insemination, which translates to $32 in increased expected income for households living on roughly twice that per month. This increase came about primarily through the farmers' existing service providers improving the quality of their service in response to being confronted with this information.

- It is very important to us that our academic projects be policy-relevant. To date, we have worked with the Punjab Livestock and Dairy Development Department (LDDD) as our implementing partners. This is a public body that has the largest network of veterinary facilities in the region. We also have relationships with quasi-public and fully private veterinary organizations that have expressed an interest in working with us to implement this project elsewhere. Finally, we remain completely open to developing further partnerships with other implementing organizations.

- Ensuring that ratings are not falsified is a major challenge. In our original project, we faced this problem in two ways: first, the service providers sometimes attempted to send us positive feedback on behalf of service recipients. We dealt with this by verifying a percentage of the feedback directly with farmers, and bringing the malpractice to the attention of the service providers' superiors. Second, we also were provided overly positive or overly negative feedback by some farmers. This was a problem early in the implementation (when feedback was being collected but not disseminated) when we didn't have enough respondents per service provider, but the sheer number of farmers responding stabilized ratings before we started sharing the information onwards with other farmers.

Farmers are proactively provided the information, and they are also provided a helpline number they can contact if they would like more details at another time. The government and private sector entities also run helplines that this service could eventually be incorporated into.

Thank you for bringing Sidai Africa to our attention. Their model is very interesting, but somewhat distinct from ours. First, while Sidai focuses on building a network of franchisees and ensuring input quality through direct provision, we are focused more on enabling existing supply chains to improve quality by distinguishing good quality from bad, but do not directly supply product ourselves. Research has shown the value of both approaches, and both are necessary in a healthy input ecosystem. Second, we are not aware if Sidai has conducted a rigorous impact evaluation to measure impact. We have already conducted a randomized control trial meeting industry best-practices on the first component of our intervention, as described in detail in the attached research paper, and seek to do the same with the component proposed here to add to the knowledge pool on agricultural input quality.

Spam
Photo of Chioma Ume
Team

Great, Ali! Thanks for the additional details.

Spam
Photo of Ali Hasanain
Team

Hi Chioma, congratulations on successfully completing the challenge. While our team is bummed about missing out, the winners all have very interesting work.

I'm wondering if you can provide any feedback on where we went wrong? We didn't get much expert feedback and would love to iterate on both our current project idea for other grants, and understand IDEO's criteria better for future challenges.

Enjoyed the process a lot, and hope our paths cross again in the future.

Best,
Ali

Spam
Photo of Chioma Ume
Team

Hi Ali, 

Nice to hear from you. When it comes to our winners selection, it's not so much where you went wrong as it is how our winning ideas were a good fit for our portfolio and the work that our team does best! 

Unfortunately, given resource constraints, we're not in a position to give individualized feedback to everyone. However, one thing that came up in discussions of your idea is how challenging it can be to scale the logistics of an idea like this.  You've articulated your plan quite clearly, but fleshing out this component of your idea would really help people envision a path to sustainability.  

Broadly, we think that the work you are doing is great... and we encourage you to keep at it! 

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Village mechanics are earning additional income installing the pumps. Warehousing has been established for the parts required to manufacture the pumps. This reduces volatility in the cost of parts for the manufacturers, which in turn helps to stabilize the price of the pumps. Micro credit services have been established and 369 customers have received loans. 258 customers (including 23 women) used their loan to purchase micro-irrigation equipment. The remainder of the customers used their loan to purchase other equipment or supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

 Village mechanics are earning additional income installing the pumps. Warehousing has been established for the parts required to manufacture the pumps. This reduces volatility in the cost of parts for the manufacturers, which in turn helps to stabilize the price of the pumps.  Micro credit services have been established and 369 customers have received loans. 258 customers (including 23 women) used their loan to purchase micro-irrigation equipment. The remainder of the customers used their loan to purchase other equipment or supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Two manufacturers of rope and washer pumps are in operation, as well as a suction-only treadle pump manufacturer. Village mechanics are earning additional income installing the pumps. Warehousing has been established for the parts required to manufacture the pumps. This reduces volatility in the cost of parts for the manufacturers, which in turn helps to stabilize the price of the pumps.  Micro credit services have been established and 369 customers have received loans. 258 customers (including 23 women) used their loan to purchase micro-irrigation equipment. The remainder of the customers used their loan to purchase other equipment or supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Two manufacturers of rope and washer pumps are in operation, as well as a suction-only treadle pump manufacturer. Village mechanics are earning additional income installing the pumps. Warehousing has been established for the parts required to manufacture the pumps. This reduces volatility in the cost of parts for the manufacturers, which in turn helps to stabilize the price of the pumps.

iii) Micro credit services have been established and 369 customers have received loans. 258 customers (including 23 women) used their loan to purchase micro-irrigation equipment. The remainder of the customers used their loan to purchase other equipment or supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Two manufacturers of rope and washer pumps are in operation, as well as a suction-only treadle pump manufacturer. Village mechanics are earning additional income installing the pumps. Warehousing has been established for the parts required to manufacture the pumps. This reduces volatility in the cost of parts for the manufacturers, which in turn helps to stabilize the price of the pumps.

iii) Microcredit services have been established and 369 customers have received loans. 258 customers (including 23 women) used their loan to purchase micro-irrigation equipment. The remainder of the customers used their loan to purchase other equipment or supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

The following elements were critical components to achieve this:

i) An affordable well-digging service has been established. Eight well-digging crews have been trained, with two crews having successfully started a business providing this service. 222 wells are in operation so far and the new well-digging technique introduced significantly reduces the cost of accessing water.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Two manufacturers of rope and washer pumps are in operation, as well as a suction-only treadle pump manufacturer. Village mechanics are earning additional income installing the pumps. Warehousing has been established for the parts required to manufacture the pumps. This reduces volatility in the cost of parts for the manufacturers, which in turn helps to stabilize the price of the pumps.

iii) Microcredit services have been established and 369 customers have received loans. 258 customers (including 23 women) used their loan to purchase micro-irrigation equipment. The remainder of the customers used their loan to purchase other equipment or supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Who did not purchase the equipment. The following elements were critical components to achieve this:

i) An affordable well-digging service has been established. Eight well-digging crews have been trained, with two crews having successfully started a business providing this service. 222 wells are in operation so far and the new well-digging technique introduced significantly reduces the cost of accessing water.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Their average gross revenues by 39%, compared to farmers who did not purchase the equipment. The following elements were critical components to achieve this:

i) An affordable well-digging service has been established. Eight well-digging crews have been trained, with two crews having successfully started a business providing this service. 222 wells are in operation so far and the new well-digging technique introduced significantly reduces the cost of accessing water.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Two manufacturers of rope and washer pumps are in operation, as well as a suction-only treadle pump manufacturer. Village mechanics are earning additional income installing the pumps. Warehousing has been established for the parts required to manufacture the pumps. This reduces volatility in the cost of parts for the manufacturers, which in turn helps to stabilize the price of the pumps.

iii) Microcredit services have been established and 369 customers have received loans. 258 customers (including 23 women) used their loan to purchase micro-irrigation equipment. The remainder of the customers used their loan to purchase other equipment or supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Two manufacturers of rope and washer pumps are in operation, as well as a suction-only treadle pump manufacturer. Village mechanics are earning additional income installing the pumps. Warehousing has been established for the parts required to manufacture the pumps. This reduces volatility in the cost of parts for the manufacturers, which in turn helps to stabilize the price of the pumps.

iii) Microcredit services have been established and 369 customers have received loans. 258 customers (including 23 women) used their loan to purchase micro-irrigation equipment. The remainder of the customers used their loan to purchase other equipment or supplies.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

An affordable well-digging service has been established. Eight well-digging crews have been trained, with two crews having successfully started a business providing this service. 222 wells are in operation so far and the new well-digging technique introduced significantly reduces the cost of accessing water.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Informatics, and of
globalization? What socio-economic policies shall facilitate the empowerment? The
latter sections of this paper respond to these questions. Earlier sections report the
preparatory analyses - of small-holder operations and contributions to household and to
national food security - wherewith to frame that response.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Small-holder farmers are vital for India’s agriculture and rural economy. Small-holder
farmers - defined as those marginal and sub-marginal farm households that own or/and
cultivate less than 2.0 hectare of land - constitute about 78 per cent of the country’s
farmers (at Agricultural Census 1990-91). These small-holders owned only 33 per cent
of the total cultivated land; their contribution to national grain production was
nonetheless 41 per cent. Their contribution to household food security and poverty
alleviation is thus dis-proportionately high - and is increasing. Moreover, as the
national population increases, so does the number of small-holdings.

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Furthermore, the extent and intensity of hunger matches closely the extent, intensity, and
nature of poverty: India’s total of poor persons (250 million) is comparable to its total
(208 million) of under-nourished. Thus, one-fifth of the world’s poor live in India - the
largest total for any single country. Nationally, the country is self-sufficient in food
production and availability; however, many poor households lack the resources
wherewith to purchase the available food

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But all this notwithstanding, India is home to one-fourth (208 million) of the world’s
total (800 million) of under-nourished people. Moreover, the intensity of the hunger
among those undernourished is also high. Child malnutrition is here the world’s highest:
one in four Indian children is seriously under-nourished. Anaemia affects more than
half of the pre-school children and more than half of the pregnant women.

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During fifty years and more, India made immense progress towards security of food and
livelihoods. Since 1950, population almost tripled, but food-grain production more than
quadrupled: there was thus substantial increase in available food-grain per caput. India
is now among the largest producers of rice, wheat, pulses, fruits, vegetables, and milk.
This agricultural transformation - and the associated broad-based economic growth -
have helped double income per person and life expectancy, lessen poverty incidence by
nearly one-half, and render the country self-sufficient in food. Famine and mass
starvation belong to the past.

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there is high volatility in their prices, and thus high market risk. In addition,
small farmers have low volumes of marketable surplus and the land they cultivate is mostly
located in remote areas with poorly developed infrastructure. As a result, smallholders face
high transaction costs and risks in production and marketing of such commodities. They also
face poor access to credit, and stringent food safety and quality standards.

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Team

During fifty years and more, India made immense progress towards security of food and
livelihoods. Since 1950, population almost tripled, but food-grain production more than
quadrupled: there was thus substantial increase in available food-grain per caput. India
is now among the largest producers of rice, wheat, pulses, fruits, vegetables, and milk.
This agricultural transformation - and the associated broad-based economic growth -
have helped double income per person and life expectancy, lessen poverty incidence by
nearly one-half, and render the country self-sufficient in food. Famine and mass
starvation belong to the past.

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Team

 in their prices, and thus high market risk. In addition,
small farmers have low volumes of marketable surplus and the land they cultivate is mostly
located in remote areas with poorly developed infrastructure. As a result, smallholders face
high transaction costs and risks in production and marketing of such commodities. They also
face poor access to credit, and stringent food safety and quality standards.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

there is high volatility in their prices, and thus high market risk. In addition,
small farmers have low volumes of marketable surplus and the land they cultivate is mostly
located in remote areas with poorly developed infrastructure. As a result, smallholders face
high transaction costs and risks in production and marketing of such commodities. They also
face poor access to credit, and stringent food safety and quality standards.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

there is high volatility in their prices, and thus high market risk. In addition,
small farmers have low volumes of marketable surplus and the land they cultivate is mostly
located in remote areas with poorly developed infrastructure. As a result, smallholders face
high transaction costs and risks in production and marketing of such commodities. They also
face poor access to credit, and stringent food safety and quality standards.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

The model for growth is completely innovative and has not yet been tested in the primary field of agriculture. The model is based on 100% involvement of the target population through the initiation of Total Quality Management and Quality Circles where the target population is required to preach and practice as a small group of interested and dedicated persons by utilizing the seven quality tools like brain storming, cause and effect diagram, Pareto analysis etc.

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Team

Farmers are facing a number of challenges in producing food in a sustainable manner as well
as in diversifying from their dependence on cereal production to the production of high-value
commodities. Although some of these challenges affect both large and small farms, there is
evidence that they apply more strongly to small farms. For example, small farmers cannot
take advantage of higher food prices by expanding production if they have difficulty in
accessing services and credit. Similarly, when new technologies require higher capital inputs
or mechanization, small farmers may be at a disadvantage unless they are helped in reducing
their transaction costs to access inputs, credit and marketing facilities.

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It is expected that the target population shall be able to inculcate the benefits of the project and shall be able to self-propel the growth over the years to come in the long run thus sustainability. Sustainability plan is also a unique one. Throughout the project, it moves through PDCA Cycle (Plan-do-check and Act) basis and constant monitoring of the yields by the team. A common pull is being created as per programme where the project members shall share their benefits and the fund thus created shall be utilized for common benefit and furthering of the interest of the ‘sunny din ‘project. At the end of the project, the members of the project shall be self-sufficient and shall be to carry on the project on sustainable basis on estimated 65% sharing basis.

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Team

At the end of the project, it is expected that the target population shall be able to inculcate the benefits of the project and shall be able to self-propel the growth over the years to come in the long run thus sustainability. Sustainability plan is also a unique one. Throughout the project, it moves through PDCA Cycle (Plan-do-check and Act) basis and constant monitoring of the yields by the team. A common pull is being created as per programme where the project members shall share their benefits and the fund thus created shall be utilized for common benefit and furthering of the interest of the ‘sunny din ‘project. At the end of the project, the members of the project shall be self-sufficient and shall be to carry on the project on sustainable basis on estimated 65% sharing basis.

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Team

Small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

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Team

Testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

We are in the pilot project which is, in other words, is testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

We are in the pilot project which is, in other words, is testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

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Team

To generate more income and in turn more savings and resultant investment in his holding.
Education, skills and change in attitude are undoubtedly crucial for improving existing traditional farm practices and the project experiments and result reveals that the “Sunny Din” project members are improving in all areas like generation of income, confidence to face any difficult and challenging situations etc.

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Team

The agriculture products of small holding farmers shall be more exposed to the market. The small holding farmers shall develop skills, knowledge and expertise to readily access the information resulting functional and fair marketing for their products, enhanced health-care and sanitation and more opportunities for education and training. They would be more confident with greater expectation that small-scale agriculturists could achieve higher income and that the livelihoods of small-holder families (under BOP) and communities would be enhanced steadily.

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Team

encouraging and indicates that measures undertaken are on the right track. The marginal, poor and small holding farmers are now capable to generate more income and in turn more savings and resultant investment in his holding.
Education, skills and change in attitude are undoubtedly crucial for improving existing traditional farm practices and the project experiments and result reveals that the “Sunny Din” project members are improving in all areas like generation of income, confidence to face any difficult and challenging situations etc.

Spam
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Team

The phase-wise results and outcome are encouraging and indicates that measures undertaken are on the right track. The marginal, poor and small holding farmers are now capable to generate more income and in turn more savings and resultant investment in his holding.
Education, skills and change in attitude are undoubtedly crucial for improving existing traditional farm practices and the project experiments and result reveals that the “Sunny Din” project members are improving in all areas like generation of income, confidence to face any difficult and challenging situations etc.

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Team

 I wasn’t smart or “good” enough to go to university; and 2) I wasn’t lovable enough to be in a healthy relationship.
When I was 11, I was matched with a Big Sister through the Big Brothers/Big Sisters organization. While I can’t pinpoint the exact effect she had, I now have two undergraduate degrees and am happily married. My Big Sister changed my life – and all she had to do was show up once a week.

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This is a unique innovation. Instead of assistance from the external sources which are mostly like a sort of ‘doles’, our innovative process involves real ‘empowerment’ of target population by ‘fuller utilization of the internal pent-up power’ of the target population.
This has an easy acceptability with less resistance to ‘change management’ but has a definite sustainable impact over a longer period of time.

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Team

As a result, I held two specific beliefs about myself: 1) I wasn’t smart or “good” enough to go to university; and 2) I wasn’t lovable enough to be in a healthy relationship.
When I was 11, I was matched with a Big Sister through the Big Brothers/Big Sisters organization. While I can’t pinpoint the exact effect she had, I now have two undergraduate degrees and am happily married. My Big Sister changed my life – and all she had to do was show up once a week.

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Team

Research indicates that children in foster care tend to be more disengaged and exhibit more problem behaviours than other children. Further, they are at greater risk of dropping out or being forced out of high school (Satchwell, 2006). This is pertinent to social services, and directly affects society as a whole. Disengagement, problem behaviours, and negative self-perceptions influence the decisions and choices that foster children make. This directly and indirectly affects their families, schools, friends, and the community at large.

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  Blame themselves and feel guilty about being “taken” from their birth parents
 wish to return to birth parents even if they were abused
 feel unwanted
 feel helpless about multiple changes in foster parents
 have mixed emotions about attaching to foster parents
 feel insecure and uncertain about their future
 reluctantly acknowledge positive feelings for foster parents

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According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, children in foster care:
 blame themselves and feel guilty about being “taken” from their birth parents
 wish to return to birth parents even if they were abused
 feel unwanted
 feel helpless about multiple changes in foster parents
 have mixed emotions about attaching to foster parents
 feel insecure and uncertain about their future
 reluctantly acknowledge positive feelings for foster parents

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Team

The foster care system (or foster families, birth families, peers, etc) don’t directly “oppress” youth. Foster kids are at risk of developing destructive self-perceptions simply because of their situations – not necessarily how they’re treated.
Research indicates that children in foster care tend to be more disengaged and exhibit more problem behaviours than other children. Further, they are at greater risk of dropping out or being forced out of high school (Satchwell, 2006). This is pertinent to social services, and directly affects society as a whole. Disengagement, problem behaviours, and negative self-perceptions influence the decisions and choices that foster children make. This directly and indirectly affects their families, schools, friends, and the community at large.

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Team

Negative self-beliefs can develop even if the foster care system (or foster families, birth families, peers, etc) don’t directly “oppress” youth. Foster kids are at risk of developing destructive self-perceptions simply because of their situations – not necessarily how they’re treated.
Research indicates that children in foster care tend to be more disengaged and exhibit more problem behaviours than other children. Further, they are at greater risk of dropping out or being forced out of high school (Satchwell, 2006). This is pertinent to social services, and directly affects society as a whole. Disengagement, problem behaviours, and negative self-perceptions influence the decisions and choices that foster children make. This directly and indirectly affects their families, schools, friends, and the community at large.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Self-blame, guilt, confusion, fear, insecurity, and fear can lead these kids to believe they aren’t as intelligent, capable, worthy, or “good” as their peers. How foster kids perceive themselves and their role in the world has a significant impact on how they think, behave, and treat others.
Negative self-beliefs can develop even if the foster care system (or foster families, birth families, peers, etc) don’t directly “oppress” youth. Foster kids are at risk of developing destructive self-perceptions simply because of their situations – not necessarily how they’re treated.
Research indicates that children in foster care tend to be more disengaged and exhibit more problem behaviours than other children. Further, they are at greater risk of dropping out or being forced out of high school (Satchwell, 2006). This is pertinent to social services, and directly affects society as a whole. Disengagement, problem behaviours, and negative self-perceptions influence the decisions and choices that foster children make. This directly and indirectly affects their families, schools, friends, and the community at large.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Self-blame, guilt, confusion, fear, insecurity, and fear can lead these kids to believe they aren’t as intelligent, capable, worthy, or “good” as their peers. How foster kids perceive themselves and their role in the world has a significant impact on how they think, behave, and treat others.
Negative self-beliefs can develop even if the foster care system (or foster families, birth families, peers, etc) don’t directly “oppress” youth. Foster kids are at risk of developing destructive self-perceptions simply because of their situations – not necessarily how they’re treated.
Research indicates that children in foster care tend to be more disengaged and exhibit more problem behaviours than other children. Further, they are at greater risk of dropping out or being forced out of high school (Satchwell, 2006). This is pertinent to social services, and directly affects society as a whole. Disengagement, problem behaviours, and negative self-perceptions influence the decisions and choices that foster children make. This directly and indirectly affects their families, schools, friends, and the community at large.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

 ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

With much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

We are in the pilot project which is, in other words, is testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

 Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

 Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

We are in the pilot project which is, in other words, is testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Opening to the public this spring, the Beacon Food Forest in Seattle is turning a piece of public land into an edible forest garden.
Residents will be welcome to forage in the forest, a 7-acre plot — adjacent to a city park — featuring fruit and nut trees, a pumpkin patch and dozens of berry bushes. The goal is to mimic a natural ecosystem, creating a space that requires less maintenance and offers higher yields

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Team

Opening to the public this spring, the Beacon Food Forest in Seattle is turning a piece of public land into an edible forest garden.
Residents will be welcome to forage in the forest, a 7-acre plot — adjacent to a city park — featuring fruit and nut trees, a pumpkin patch and dozens of berry bushes. The goal is to mimic a natural ecosystem, creating a space that requires less maintenance and offers higher yields

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Many shoppers like the idea of buying local. After all, it can mean fresher and healthier foods, stronger local economies, direct contact with food producers and in some cases — but not always — lower carbon emissions.

But most of us have only a few options for participating in the local food movement: visiting the farmers market or signing up for a community supported agriculture (CSA) subscription. As the movement continues to grow and evolve, however, social entrepreneurs are experimenting with novel ways to make local agriculture an integral part of urban life.

Spam
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Team

Self-propel the growth over the years to come in the long run thus sustainability. Sustainability plan is also a unique one. Throughout the project, it moves through PDCA Cycle (Plan-do-check and Act) basis and constant monitoring of the yields by the team. A common pull is being created as per programme where the project members shall share their benefits and the fund thus created shall be utilized for common benefit and furthering of the interest of the ‘sunny din ‘project. At the end of the project, the members of the project shall be self-sufficient and shall be to carry on the project on sustainable basis on estimated 65% sharing basis.

Spam
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Team

The years to come in the long run thus sustainability. Sustainability plan is also a unique one. Throughout the project, it moves through PDCA Cycle (Plan-do-check and Act) basis and constant monitoring of the yields by the team. A common pull is being created as per programme where the project members shall share their benefits and the fund thus created shall be utilized for common benefit and furthering of the interest of the ‘sunny din ‘project. At the end of the project, the members of the project shall be self-sufficient and shall be to carry on the project on sustainable basis on estimated 65% sharing basis.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Many shoppers like the idea of buying local. After all, it can mean fresher and healthier foods, stronger local economies, direct contact with food producers and in some cases — but not always — lower carbon emissions.

But most of us have only a few options for participating in the local food movement: visiting the farmers market or signing up for a community supported agriculture (CSA) subscription. As the movement continues to grow and evolve, however, social entrepreneurs are experimenting with novel ways to make local agriculture an integral part of urban life.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

At the end of the project, it is expected that the target population shall be able to inculcate the benefits of the project and shall be able to self-propel the growth over the years to come in the long run thus sustainability. Sustainability plan is also a unique one. Throughout the project, it moves through PDCA Cycle (Plan-do-check and Act) basis and constant monitoring of the yields by the team. A common pull is being created as per programme where the project members shall share their benefits and the fund thus created shall be utilized for common benefit and furthering of the interest of the ‘sunny din ‘project. At the end of the project, the members of the project shall be self-sufficient and shall be to carry on the project on sustainable basis on estimated 65% sharing basis.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

At the end of the project, it is expected that the target population shall be able to inculcate the benefits of the project and shall be able to self-propel the growth over the years to come in the long run thus sustainability. Sustainability plan is also a unique one. Throughout the project, it moves through PDCA Cycle (Plan-do-check and Act) basis and constant monitoring of the yields by the team. A common pull is being created as per programme where the project members shall share their benefits and the fund thus created shall be utilized for common benefit and furthering of the interest of the ‘sunny din ‘project. At the end of the project, the members of the project shall be self-sufficient and shall be to carry on the project on sustainable basis on estimated 65% sharing basis.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

 Sustainability plan is also a unique one. Throughout the project, it moves through PDCA Cycle (Plan-do-check and Act) basis and constant monitoring of the yields by the team. A common pull is being created as per programme where the project members shall share their benefits and the fund thus created shall be utilized for common benefit and furthering of the interest of the ‘sunny din ‘project. At the end of the project, the members of the project shall be self-sufficient and shall be to carry on the project on sustainable basis on estimated 65% sharing basis.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

This is a project with unique innovation. Our “sunny Din” is an unique innovative project. Instead of assistance from the external sources which are mostly like a sort of ‘doles’, our innovative process involves real ‘empowerment’ by ‘fuller utilization of the internal pent-up power’ of the target population i,e the small holding farmers.The innovative project involves the Total Quality Management (TQM) with introduction of Quality Circles approaches for the alleviation of poverty of the small holding farmers. This has an easy acceptability with less resistance to ‘change management’ but has a definite sustainable impact. The existing competitive solutions have failed to evoke any considerable synergy and real involvement of grass rooted farmers and undoubtedly is a better/ superior one.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

This is a project with unique innovation. Our “sunny Din” is an unique innovative project. Instead of assistance from the external sources which are mostly like a sort of ‘doles’, our innovative process involves real ‘empowerment’ by ‘fuller utilization of the internal pent-up power’ of the target population i,e the small holding farmers.The innovative project involves the Total Quality Management (TQM) with introduction of Quality Circles approaches for the alleviation of poverty of the small holding farmers. This has an easy acceptability with less resistance to ‘change management’ but has a definite sustainable impact. The existing competitive solutions have failed to evoke any considerable synergy and real involvement of grass rooted farmers and undoubtedly is a better/ superior one.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

At the end of the project, it is expected that the target population shall be able to inculcate the benefits of the project and shall be able to self-propel the growth over the years to come in the long run thus sustainability. Sustainability plan is also a unique one. Throughout the project, it moves through PDCA Cycle (Plan-do-check and Act) basis and constant monitoring of the yields by the team. A common pull is being created as per programme where the project members shall share their benefits and the fund thus created shall be utilized for common benefit and furthering of the interest of the ‘sunny din ‘project. At the end of the project, the members of the project shall be self-sufficient and shall be to carry on the project on sustainable basis on estimated 65% sharing basis.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

The project, it is expected that the target population shall be able to inculcate the benefits of the project and shall be able to self-propel the growth over the years to come in the long run thus sustainability. Sustainability plan is also a unique one. Throughout the project, it moves through PDCA Cycle (Plan-do-check and Act) basis and constant monitoring of the yields by the team. A common pull is being created as per programme where the project members shall share their benefits and the fund thus created shall be utilized for common benefit and furthering of the interest of the ‘sunny din ‘project. At the end of the project, the members of the project shall be self-sufficient and shall be to carry on the project on sustainable basis on estimated 65% sharing basis.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

At the end of the project, it is expected that the target population shall be able to inculcate the benefits of the project and shall be able to self-propel the growth over the years to come in the long run thus sustainability. Sustainability plan is also a unique one. Throughout the project, it moves through PDCA Cycle (Plan-do-check and Act) basis and constant monitoring of the yields by the team. A common pull is being created as per programme where the project members shall share their benefits and the fund thus created shall be utilized for common benefit and furthering of the interest of the ‘sunny din ‘project. At the end of the project, the members of the project shall be self-sufficient and shall be to carry on the project on sustainable basis on estimated 65% sharing basis.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Almost all seasonal vegetables, fruits, paddy, wheat, mushroom and flowers are grown organically in Dagar's farm. He has also started growing exotic vegetables and fruits, such as lettuce, baby corn and strawberry, for export. This innovative farmer has set aside one ha for research purposes (Dagar's research lab). "Through this land, I want to prove wrong all those who doubt the profitability of organic farming. With a bit of hard work and understanding of nature, any farmer can earn a minimum of Rs 10 lakh per annum. I do not understand why everyone is running after a job?" he asks.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Seasonal vegetables, fruits, paddy, wheat, mushroom and flowers are grown organically in Dagar's farm. He has also started growing exotic vegetables and fruits, such as lettuce, baby corn and strawberry, for export. This innovative farmer has set aside one ha for research purposes (Dagar's research lab). "Through this land, I want to prove wrong all those who doubt the profitability of organic farming. With a bit of hard work and understanding of nature, any farmer can earn a minimum of Rs 10 lakh per annum. I do not understand why everyone is running after a job?" he asks.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Almost all seasonal vegetables, fruits, paddy, wheat, mushroom and flowers are grown organically in Dagar's farm. He has also started growing exotic vegetables and fruits, such as lettuce, baby corn and strawberry, for export. This innovative farmer has set aside one ha for research purposes (Dagar's research lab). "Through this land, I want to prove wrong all those who doubt the profitability of organic farming. With a bit of hard work and understanding of nature, any farmer can earn a minimum of Rs 10 lakh per annum. I do not understand why everyone is running after a job?" he asks.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Almost all seasonal vegetables, fruits, paddy, wheat, mushroom and flowers are grown organically in Dagar's farm. He has also started growing exotic vegetables and fruits, such as lettuce, baby corn and strawberry, for export. This innovative farmer has set aside one ha for research purposes (Dagar's research lab). "Through this land, I want to prove wrong all those who doubt the profitability of organic farming. With a bit of hard work and understanding of nature, any farmer can earn a minimum of Rs 10 lakh per annum. I do not understand why everyone is running after a job?" he asks.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

The phase wise results and outcome are encouraging and indicates that measures undertaken are on the right track . The marginal’s and poorest farmers are getting more income . Education and skills are important for improving farming practices and the result revels that the “ Sunny Din” project members are improving in all respect . They enhance equity and sustainability of incomes and livelihoods , should thus seek to achieve an agriculture – led board – based economic development- and to do so by according highest priority to small – scale agriculture

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

The phase wise results and outcome are encouraging and indicates that measures undertaken are on the right track . The marginal’s and poorest farmers are getting more income . Education and skills are important for improving farming practices and the result revels that the “ Sunny Din” project members are improving in all respect . They enhance equity and sustainability of incomes and livelihoods , should thus seek to achieve an agriculture – led board – based economic development- and to do so by according highest priority to small – scale agriculture

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

one-hectare (ha) land -- an unbelievable proposition for all those bought up on the much-propaga ted idea that small farmlands are unprofitable. But Ramesh Chander Dagar has made this proposition into a reality. A visit to his farmland in Akbarpur Barota village, Sonipat district, Haryana can be quite an eye opener. The farmland resembles the laboratory of any agricultural scientist. Says Dagar, "I am a simple farmer, who has studied only up to the 10th standard. I used to keep hearing claims of the government that small land holdings are not viable for agriculture. And that set me thinking. About four years back, I set aside one ha from my agricultural land and started experimenting on it. Today I am confident that this land can give a minimum income of Rs 10 lakh per annum."

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

"box lunch" with their reinvented shipping container, the GrowUp Box.
Inside the 20-foot container, tilapia are farmed in tanks specially designed to ensure the fish enough room to grow, while on top, greens are cultivated in vertical columns. The water from the tilapia tanks circulates through the columns, where the fish waste provides nourishment to about 400 plants. The fish and greens are sold to area restaurants.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

"box lunch" with their reinvented shipping container, the GrowUp Box.
Inside the 20-foot container, tilapia are farmed in tanks specially designed to ensure the fish enough room to grow, while on top, greens are cultivated in vertical columns. The water from the tilapia tanks circulates through the columns, where the fish waste provides nourishment to about 400 plants. The fish and greens are sold to area restaurants.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

We are in the pilot project which is, in other words, is testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Outcome are encouraging and indicates that measures undertaken are on the right track. The marginal, poor and small holding farmers are now capable to generate more income and in turn more savings and resultant investment in his holding.
Education, skills and change in attitude are undoubtedly crucial for improving existing traditional farm practices and the project experiments and result reveals that the “Sunny Din” project members are improving in all areas like generation of income, confidence to face any difficult and challenging situations etc.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

The phase-wise results and outcome are encouraging and indicates that measures undertaken are on the right track. The marginal, poor and small holding farmers are now capable to generate more income and in turn more savings and resultant investment in his holding.
Education, skills and change in attitude are undoubtedly crucial for improving existing traditional farm practices and the project experiments and result reveals that the “Sunny Din” project members are improving in all areas like generation of income, confidence to face any difficult and challenging situations etc.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

 Innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

Evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

We are in the pilot project which is, in other words, is testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

There is the requirement of some basic smartphone familiarity and literacy for the input providers (in our case veterinary officers) who provide the service and feed the citizen's number into the system initially. I have directly implemented such systems across various government services in Pakistan, where education levels are typically poor, and have not yet struggled with the provider's ability to use the app. In part, this is because our team is usually able to develop both the app and training materials in the local language.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

We are in the pilot project which is, in other words, is testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

There is the requirement of some basic smartphone familiarity and literacy for the input providers (in our case veterinary officers) who provide the service and feed the citizen's number into the system initially. I have directly implemented such systems across various government services in Pakistan, where education levels are typically poor, and have not yet struggled with the provider's ability to use the app. In part, this is because our team is usually able to develop both the app and training materials in the local language.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar
Team

there is the requirement of some basic smartphone familiarity and literacy for the input providers (in our case veterinary officers) who provide the service and feed the citizen's number into the system initially. I have directly implemented such systems across various government services in Pakistan, where education levels are typically poor, and have not yet struggled with the provider's ability to use the app. In part, this is because our team is usually able to develop both the app and training materials in the local language.