Considering of following to minimize postharvest losses.
1. Level of maturity with respect to market requirement
2. Trained and skill labor
3. Improved field handling & management on medium scale
4. First stage sorting
5. First stage processing
6. Cold storage
7. Reefer transport
8. Consumer packing
Postharvest technology is same for almost all crop with same principles but sometime it require little change in methodology to get better results. Maturity in case fruit and vegetable play critical during storage and marketing and the same maturity level also play important role when we discuss cereals or pulses.