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Join our fifth Amplify challenge and design solutions that improve the livelihoods of small scale farmers by reducing waste and spoilage.


Did you know that 80% of the world’s farming is done by small-scale farmers? That translates to about 500,000,000 farmers around the world, working hard to provide food and income to sustain their families.

In spite of their efforts, over 42% of the food these farmers produce is never consumed. Instead, it is lost during harvest, or on the journey from farm to market. The consequences are immense – closing this gap has the potential to feed one billion people and improve livelihoods for farmers.

This is a huge opportunity for open innovation.

Welcome to Amplify’s Agricultural Innovation Challenge. We are inviting NGOs, entrepreneurs and social innovators to join us in designing solutions that improve the livelihoods of the more than half a billion small scale farmers worldwide.

Our challenge is focused on a few key areas where new solutions can have a big impact on reducing waste and spoilage, including improving access to markets, ensuring farmers have access to relevant information, using technology in new ways, and financial services .

By sharing ideas and improving them based feedback from beneficiaries, colleagues and experts, we can design solutions that improve the lives of small scale farmers and their families.

The Agricultural Innovation Challenge is now closed. Please join us in congratulating our winners here.

About Amplify

Amplify is a series of ten innovation challenges bringing increased collaboration and a human-centered design approach to international aid. Up to five winners of each challenge receive a grant of between $50,000 and $150,000, an invitation to four day human-centered design bootcamp and ongoing design support from IDEO.org.  

Amplify is a joint initiative of OpenIDEO, IDEO.org and the UK Department for International Aid (DFID). It is made possible through DFID funding. Learn more about our program here.

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Challenge team

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Chioma Ume, Challenge Manager


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Shane Zhao, Community Manager 



Do you want to get involved in this challenge?

We follow a process with phases. Currently we are in the Impact phase. You can participate by adding stories on the impact of this challenge.
427 ideas
85 final ideas
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244 comments

Join the conversation:

Comment
Spam
Photo of Ozuluonye Shedrack

Hi, chioma,

Please any chance you could mention areas i should work on same idea, when pitching my ideas on similar challenge.?

Spam
Photo of Alvaro Mufarech

Hi! I was trying to find out if this challenge will be having a second edition during 2017?
Chioma Ume 

Spam
Photo of Chelsea Takamine

Hi Alvaro Mufarech ! Amplify will launch additional challenges next year, but they will focus on different topics - look for an announcement next year. Participants from East Africa will be eligible to apply. Feel free to contact us at amplify@ideo.org with additional questions. Thanks for your participation!

Spam
Photo of Amruta Byatnal

Food waste: Global Problem, Local Solutions


842 million people go to bed hungry every night. Across the world, nearly one third of the food produced for human consumption is either lost or wasted due to a variety of reasons. This food can be used to feed the vast food-insecure population. In order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of ending hunger, achieving food security and improved nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture, eliminating this large scale wastage and loss of food will be key.

Food waste and loss occurs in both developing and developed countries alike - a sign that systems and people in all populations will have to bear the onus of reducing this waste. In developing countries , lack of infrastructure results in losses at the pre and post-harvest stage. The lack of resources for sustainable food systems is a result of both: lack of capital as well as inefficient socio-economic institutions. In industrialized countries, waste occurs at the individual consumer level post-purchase. Processes in the supply chain pertaining to retail, distribution and processing are also responsible for significant amount of waste.

While waste in post-harvest and storing level of the food chain reduces as countries move from low- to middle-income status (Fig 1 and 2), they quickly transition into the countries that account for waste through consumers and the retail trade. An explanation for consumer behaviour that encourages waste might be rooted in the fact that as rising incomes among the poor enable them to consume more foods to diversify their diets, this increased income results in an increased consumption of dairy, meat and fish which are vulnerable, shorter shelf-life items and further results in greater food waste. Food wastage, both in developing and developed countries, affects the productivity of the food system and results in lower incomes for food producers and higher costs for food consumers - adding to the causes of why people cannot afford food and go to bed hungry.

With the world population to set to rise to 10 billion by 2050, reducing food loss and waste will be even more imperative - finding a sustainable solution to eliminate food waste will mean that food availability as well as the the productivity of the food system can be improved without increasing agricultural inputs, the use of scarce natural resources, or the application of improved production technologies - all of which will require additional use of resources. In calorific terms, between the food available today and what is needed for the world population in 2050, there is a gap of 6,000 trillion kcal per year (Fig 3). The Food and Agriculture Organization of the united Nations, which has had elimination of waste as one of its mandates since it was founded in 1945, estimates the current food loss in calorific terms to be 24 percent of all the food produced. Further, researchers contend that if the current rate of food loss and waste were cut in half―from 24 percent to 12 percent―by the year 2050, the world would need to produce about 1,314 trillion kilocalories (kcal) less food per year than it would in the “business-as-usual global food requirements scenario”. These savings amount to roughly 22 percent of the 6,000 trillion kcal per year gap discussed above. Thus, reducing food waste will be crucial as we seek to plan for the future of food in 2050.

The strategies to eliminate food loss and waste must recognize the causes of the same and address them through those very causes - in short, as food loss is accrued across the value chain, the solutions will have to take a value chain approach as well. Rightly so, the SDG target 12.3 calls for halving global food waste at the retail and consumer levels, and reducing food losses along the value chain by 2030 in order to feed 10 billion people in 2050. This will need the collaboration of all public, private, and civil society actors, even though specific interventions needed in developing and developed countries will take diverse forms. In developing and emerging economies, this would require market-led large-scale investment in agricultural infrastructure, technological skills and knowledge, storage, transport and distribution. In the developed world, the potential of loss reduction lies with retailers, food services and consumers - cultural and behavioral shifts will have to be encouraged through education and improved food labelling. However, policy-makers at the local level will have to take the onus in bringing about this shift both in developed and developed economies- to be able to achieve large scale global impact, the solution to eliminate waste will have to be local.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

 India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

 All over poverty - stricken countries. Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Project targets alleviation of root cause of poverty of small holding farmers in this part of the country learning of which can be utilized all over poverty - stricken countries. Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

 Verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

In other words, is testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

We are in the pilot project which is, in other words, is testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

We are in the pilot project which is, in other words, is testing and verifying the innovation as if to check and evaluate the real-life viability of the innovation in alleviation of the age old poverty of the small-holding farmers. Identification of 46 small-holding farmers in the backward district of Nadia, West Bengal has been done with much scrutiny so as to ensure their seriousness to ‘walk along the pilot project’. Training has been meted out to them as per the training calendar administering the innovative training developed with the active inputs from the doyen in the field. Feedback from the participating farmers is positive with slight fine tuning where needed by our experts. Soil test of the pilot land has been carried out from local university labs and the analysis of the soil test is being presently evaluated so as to ascertain the particular type of alternative cultivation in lieu of the traditional cultivation. Pilot project is on the right track as per the pert chart.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Project targets alleviation of root cause of poverty of small holding farmers in this part of the country learning of which can be utilized all over poverty - stricken countries. Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Project targets alleviation of root cause of poverty of small holding farmers in this part of the country learning of which can be utilized all over poverty - stricken countries. Small holding farmers are the real baseline of India’s economy which is undoubtedly agriculture and strength of the Indian economy derives from its rural economy. Small Holder farmers are defined as marginal and sub-marginal households who happen own and/or cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land- and it constitutes about 78 percent of country’s total agriculturists. (Agriculture Census 1990-91). Strikingly, these small-holders own only 33 % of total titled land in India. But they contribute to household food security in major way. They are poverty-stricken and alleviation of poverty is on top most priority. Further, as national population increases, so does the number of small holdings increases for the obvious reasons of further fragmentation of titled land usage.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

agriculture as a business venture and also as a means of security of livelihood of the rural Indian while maintaining excellence in science.
To make the National Agricultural Research System a 'pluralistic' system where every Organisation having stake in agricultural research: public, private or civil society, has to play a role.
Working in well defined partnership groups with clear common goals and understanding on sharing responsibilities and benefits.
Funding through competition so that a wide choice of excellent innovative ideas come in from the stakeholders themselves.
Work with focus, plan and time frames.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

agriculture as a business venture and also as a means of security of livelihood of the rural Indian while maintaining excellence in science.
To make the National Agricultural Research System a 'pluralistic' system where every Organisation having stake in agricultural research: public, private or civil society, has to play a role.
Working in well defined partnership groups with clear common goals and understanding on sharing responsibilities and benefits.
Funding through competition so that a wide choice of excellent innovative ideas come in from the stakeholders themselves.
Work with focus, plan and time frames.

Spam
Photo of ADIS

Amplify Program is a great initiative that has brought a great impact to the small scale farmers and i believe this is the way forward to eradicate poverty and also reduce food wastage thus making the third world country food secure. Keep it the good work.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agriculture is and will continue to be the main driver of country's economic growth with social justice. Our agriculture did extremely well and it was on the ascendancy till the mid nineties but after that the growth slowed down. Since 1996-97 the growth rate of agricultural GDP has been, on an average, 1.75 % per year in contrast with the rate of 4% that is required. On the other hand the farmer has been facing rising input costs, declining returns from the inputs, uncertain market, increasing role of market in agriculture and blurring of distinction between the domestic market and the international market. To assist the farmer in these changing contexts new strategies and innovative solutions are urgently required which in turn will require technological support. Hence the agricultural research system which generates technologies, has to conduct the business of agricultural research in an innovative way.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Perspective through innovative models. In other words, the agricultural research system should be able to support agriculture as a business venture and also as a means of security of livelihood of the rural Indian while maintaining excellence in science.
To make the National Agricultural Research System a 'pluralistic' system where every Organisation having stake in agricultural research: public, private or civil society, has to play a role.
Working in well defined partnership groups with clear common goals and understanding on sharing responsibilities and benefits.
Funding through competition so that a wide choice of excellent innovative ideas come in from the stakeholders themselves.
Work with focus, plan and time frames.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

perspective through innovative models. In other words, the agricultural research system should be able to support agriculture as a business venture and also as a means of security of livelihood of the rural Indian while maintaining excellence in science.
To make the National Agricultural Research System a 'pluralistic' system where every Organisation having stake in agricultural research: public, private or civil society, has to play a role.
Working in well defined partnership groups with clear common goals and understanding on sharing responsibilities and benefits.
Funding through competition so that a wide choice of excellent innovative ideas come in from the stakeholders themselves.
Work with focus, plan and time frames.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Economic growth with social justice. Our agriculture did extremely well and it was on the ascendancy till the mid nineties but after that the growth slowed down. Since 1996-97 the growth rate of agricultural GDP has been, on an average, 1.75 % per year in contrast with the rate of 4% that is required. On the other hand the farmer has been facing rising input costs, declining returns from the inputs, uncertain market, increasing role of market in agriculture and blurring of distinction between the domestic market and the international market. To assist the farmer in these changing contexts new strategies and innovative solutions are urgently required which in turn will require technological support. Hence the agricultural research system which generates technologies, has to conduct the business of agricultural research in an innovative way.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agriculture is and will continue to be the main driver of country's economic growth with social justice. Our agriculture did extremely well and it was on the ascendancy till the mid nineties but after that the growth slowed down. Since 1996-97 the growth rate of agricultural GDP has been, on an average, 1.75 % per year in contrast with the rate of 4% that is required. On the other hand the farmer has been facing rising input costs, declining returns from the inputs, uncertain market, increasing role of market in agriculture and blurring of distinction between the domestic market and the international market. To assist the farmer in these changing contexts new strategies and innovative solutions are urgently required which in turn will require technological support. Hence the agricultural research system which generates technologies, has to conduct the business of agricultural research in an innovative way.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agriculture is and will continue to be the main driver of country's economic growth with social justice. Our agriculture did extremely well and it was on the ascendancy till the mid nineties but after that the growth slowed down. Since 1996-97 the growth rate of agricultural GDP has been, on an average, 1.75 % per year in contrast with the rate of 4% that is required. On the other hand the farmer has been facing rising input costs, declining returns from the inputs, uncertain market, increasing role of market in agriculture and blurring of distinction between the domestic market and the international market. To assist the farmer in these changing contexts new strategies and innovative solutions are urgently required which in turn will require technological support. Hence the agricultural research system which generates technologies, has to conduct the business of agricultural research in an innovative way.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

perspective through innovative models. In other words, the agricultural research system should be able to support agriculture as a business venture and also as a means of security of livelihood of the rural Indian while maintaining excellence in science.
To make the National Agricultural Research System a 'pluralistic' system where every Organisation having stake in agricultural research: public, private or civil society, has to play a role.
Working in well defined partnership groups with clear common goals and understanding on sharing responsibilities and benefits.
Funding through competition so that a wide choice of excellent innovative ideas come in from the stakeholders themselves.
Work with focus, plan and time frames.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

perspective through innovative models. In other words, the agricultural research system should be able to support agriculture as a business venture and also as a means of security of livelihood of the rural Indian while maintaining excellence in science.
To make the National Agricultural Research System a 'pluralistic' system where every Organisation having stake in agricultural research: public, private or civil society, has to play a role.
Working in well defined partnership groups with clear common goals and understanding on sharing responsibilities and benefits.
Funding through competition so that a wide choice of excellent innovative ideas come in from the stakeholders themselves.
Work with focus, plan and time frames.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agriculture is and will continue to be the main driver of country's economic growth with social justice. Our agriculture did extremely well and it was on the ascendancy till the mid nineties but after that the growth slowed down. Since 1996-97 the growth rate of agricultural GDP has been, on an average, 1.75 % per year in contrast with the rate of 4% that is required. On the other hand the farmer has been facing rising input costs, declining returns from the inputs, uncertain market, increasing role of market in agriculture and blurring of distinction between the domestic market and the international market. To assist the farmer in these changing contexts new strategies and innovative solutions are urgently required which in turn will require technological support. Hence the agricultural research system which generates technologies, has to conduct the business of agricultural research in an innovative way.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

in South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

To give the agricultural research and technology development system an explicit development and business perspective through innovative models. In other words, the agricultural research system should be able to support agriculture as a business venture and also as a means of security of livelihood of the rural Indian while maintaining excellence in science.
To make the National Agricultural Research System a 'pluralistic' system where every Organisation having stake in agricultural research: public, private or civil society, has to play a role.
Working in well defined partnership groups with clear common goals and understanding on sharing responsibilities and benefits.
Funding through competition so that a wide choice of excellent innovative ideas come in from the stakeholders themselves.
Work with focus, plan and time frames.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

in South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

To give the agricultural research and technology development system an explicit development and business perspective through innovative models. In other words, the agricultural research system should be able to support agriculture as a business venture and also as a means of security of livelihood of the rural Indian while maintaining excellence in science.
To make the National Agricultural Research System a 'pluralistic' system where every Organisation having stake in agricultural research: public, private or civil society, has to play a role.
Working in well defined partnership groups with clear common goals and understanding on sharing responsibilities and benefits.
Funding through competition so that a wide choice of excellent innovative ideas come in from the stakeholders themselves.
Work with focus, plan and time frames.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

In South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

in South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

To give the agricultural research and technology development system an explicit development and business perspective through innovative models. In other words, the agricultural research system should be able to support agriculture as a business venture and also as a means of security of livelihood of the rural Indian while maintaining excellence in science.
To make the National Agricultural Research System a 'pluralistic' system where every Organisation having stake in agricultural research: public, private or civil society, has to play a role.
Working in well defined partnership groups with clear common goals and understanding on sharing responsibilities and benefits.
Funding through competition so that a wide choice of excellent innovative ideas come in from the stakeholders themselves.
Work with focus, plan and time frames.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

In South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agriculture is and will continue to be the main driver of country's economic growth with social justice. Our agriculture did extremely well and it was on the ascendancy till the mid nineties but after that the growth slowed down. Since 1996-97 the growth rate of agricultural GDP has been, on an average, 1.75 % per year in contrast with the rate of 4% that is required. On the other hand the farmer has been facing rising input costs, declining returns from the inputs, uncertain market, increasing role of market in agriculture and blurring of distinction between the domestic market and the international market. To assist the farmer in these changing contexts new strategies and innovative solutions are urgently required which in turn will require technological support. Hence the agricultural research system which generates technologies, has to conduct the business of agricultural research in an innovative way.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agriculture is and will continue to be the main driver of country's economic growth with social justice. Our agriculture did extremely well and it was on the ascendancy till the mid nineties but after that the growth slowed down. Since 1996-97 the growth rate of agricultural GDP has been, on an average, 1.75 % per year in contrast with the rate of 4% that is required. On the other hand the farmer has been facing rising input costs, declining returns from the inputs, uncertain market, increasing role of market in agriculture and blurring of distinction between the domestic market and the international market. To assist the farmer in these changing contexts new strategies and innovative solutions are urgently required which in turn will require technological support. Hence the agricultural research system which generates technologies, has to conduct the business of agricultural research in an innovative way.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agriculture is and will continue to be the main driver of country's economic growth with social justice. Our agriculture did extremely well and it was on the ascendancy till the mid nineties but after that the growth slowed down. Since 1996-97 the growth rate of agricultural GDP has been, on an average, 1.75 % per year in contrast with the rate of 4% that is required. On the other hand the farmer has been facing rising input costs, declining returns from the inputs, uncertain market, increasing role of market in agriculture and blurring of distinction between the domestic market and the international market. To assist the farmer in these changing contexts new strategies and innovative solutions are urgently required which in turn will require technological support. Hence the agricultural research system which generates technologies, has to conduct the business of agricultural research in an innovative way.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Despite reductions in extreme poverty in Asia, food insecurity and poverty persist. Millions of smallholder farmers in South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Despite reductions in extreme poverty in Asia, food insecurity and poverty persist. Millions of smallholder farmers in South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Despite reductions in extreme poverty in Asia, food insecurity and poverty persist. Millions of smallholder farmers in South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Despite reductions in extreme poverty in Asia, food insecurity and poverty persist. Millions of smallholder farmers in South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Despite reductions in extreme poverty in Asia, food insecurity and poverty persist. Millions of smallholder farmers in South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Despite reductions in extreme poverty in Asia, food insecurity and poverty persist. Millions of smallholder farmers in South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agriculture feeds and clothes the world. Although the long-term effects of climate change are still largely unknown, scientists can observe short-term effects of climate change on crops and animals. In addition, scientists can prognosticate about the changes that are likely to occur in agriculture if global climate change causes changes in temperatures and rainfall. The National Climatic Data Center has published a FAQ on global warming that might be useful to read.

Crops

Data have shown that levels of atmospheric CO2 are increasing. Research is being conducted to determine what types of plant responses can be expected from these changes (see section on CO2 increase below). Others worry that climate change is going to permanently alter weather patterns, temperatures, and rainfall. NOAA data show that for much of the Southeast, annual average rainfall has been relatively constant or slowly increasing; air temperatures are slightly lower than 100 years ago. However, the frequency of rainfall events greater than 2 inches is increasing, leading to longer dry periods between rain events. Crop yields are likely affected by these changes to some extent already, but it is not clear if future changes will be catastrophic or not. Plants are surprisingly resilient, and can withstand a variety of conditions while still being productive. In addition, other factors such as location, soil fertility, crop varieties, and management practices will all affect future yields. Below we list some of the effects we could expect for agriculture due to various aspects of climate change.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Despite reductions in extreme poverty in Asia, food insecurity and poverty persist. Millions of smallholder farmers in South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Despite reductions in extreme poverty in Asia, food insecurity and poverty persist. Millions of smallholder farmers in South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Scientists are in agreement that the levels of atmospheric CO2 (carbon dioxide) have increased in recent years. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, they were measured at 280 parts per million by volume (ppmv); currently the levels are around 380 ppmv. These levels have been steadily increasing by 1.9 ppm yearly since the year 2000, largely as a result of fossil fuel burning. Carbon dioxide is critical to photosynthesis (and thus plant growth). Scientists agree that even small increases in carbon dioxide result in more plant growth. It is likely that higher levels of carbon dioxide will result in higher harvestable crop yields. However, this depends critically on the availability of sufficient water and nutrients necessary for plant growth. Some scientists believe that one drawback to this increased productivity will be crops with lower nutrient and protein levels. If true, this could have a significant, widespread impact on long-term human health if additional fertilizers were not incorporated into crop production.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

To explore the “Sunny Din” project an introduction of innovation farming in small-holding farmers in the backward district of West Bengal i,e Purulia ,Bankura . Adding extra no. of mobile agriculture Clinic Van which is named name by “ Sunny Doot “ for covering newer area . Preparing a permanent seed bank and an innovating preservation for holding fruit and vegetables in certain time frame to go market .To develop delicate IT supporting system for 24 hours “Sunny Din” helpline beneficiaries and families of the bottom line . To tighten the arm of co – ordination team who will give the 360 degree support to “Sunny Din” beneficiaries and families of the bottom line .

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Some scientists believe that climate change will lead to more extreme weather events. Extreme weather events include heat waves, droughts, strong winds, and heavy rains. Climate models do not do a good job of predicting how extreme weather events might change under global warming. For example, models do not agree on whether the number of hurricanes in a warmer world would be more or less than current values, but scientists generally feel that the strength of the largest hurricanes will increase. The length of the hurricane season could also increase. Observational changes in the number of tornadoes per year we see now may be due to increases in the number of people watching the skies and the growth of urban areas rather than any strict climate changes. It is not clear if observed changes in extreme weather events we see now are part of long natural cycles, or if they are in response to climate change. Nonetheless, all of these events can be detrimental to crop growth.

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Agriculture is highly exposed to climate change, as farming activities directly depend on climatic conditions.

Agriculture also contributes to climate change through the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

However, agriculture can also contribute to climate change mitigation by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and by sequestering carbon while maintaining food production.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The most serious climate change risk to the Indian economy and its people is the increased intensity, frequency and geographical coverage of drought. Higher temperatures, increased evapo-transpiration and decreased winter precipitation may bring about more droughts. The possibility of winter drought will increase in certain areas. Climate change is expected to increase the severity of flooding in many Indian river basins, especially those of the Godavari and Mahanadi along the eastern coast [7]. The third most important risk is that of cyclonic storms, storm surge and coastal inundation. A sea surface temperature rise of 2-4°C, as anticipated in the Indian ocean over the century, is expected to induce a 10-20 percent increase in cyclone intensity (National Disaster Management Authority, Government of India). The 1999 Odisha super-cyclone killed more than 10, 000 people and devastated buildings across 10 coastal and 6 inland districts. This disaster was due to the combination of storm surge, cyclonic winds and coastal flooding. The cyclone dumped heavy torrential rain over southeast India, causing record breaking flooding in the low-lying areas. The storm surge was 26 feet (8 meters). struck the coast of Odisha, traveling up to 20 km inland. 17,110 km² (6,600 mi²) of crops were destroyed, and an additional 90 million trees were either uprooted or had snapped.

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Some predict positive impacts on agriculture from climate change like increased temperatures and higher carbon dioxide levels .Increased concentrations of CO2 may boost crop productivity, only where moisture is not a constraint. Higher levels of CO2 can stimulate photosynthesis in certain plants (30-100 per cent). Experimental observations confirm that when plants absorb more carbon grow bigger and more quickly. This is particularly true for C3 plants (so called because the product of their first biochemical reactions during photosynthesis has three carbon atoms). Increased CO2 tends to suppress photo-respiration in these plants, making them more water-efficient.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

To explore the “Sunny Din” project an introduction of innovation farming in small-holding farmers in the backward district of West Bengal i,e Purulia ,Bankura . Adding extra no. of mobile agriculture Clinic Van which is named name by “ Sunny Doot “ for covering newer area . Preparing a permanent seed bank and an innovating preservation for holding fruit and vegetables in certain time frame to go market .To develop delicate IT supporting system for 24 hours “Sunny Din” helpline beneficiaries and families of the bottom line . To tighten the arm of co – ordination team who will give the 360 degree support to “Sunny Din” beneficiaries and families of the bottom line .

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

A 10-15% increase in monsoon precipitation in many regions, a simultaneous precipitation decline of 5-25% in drought-prone central India and a sharp decline in winter rainfall in northern India are also projected. This implies changes in output of winter wheat and mustard crops in northwestern India. A decrease in number of rainy days (5-15 days on an average) is expected over much of India, along with an increase in heavy rainfall days in the monsoon season (Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India). These changes are expected to increase the vulnerability of Indian agriculture. This is particularly important in India, where agriculture .

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The role of small farms in
development and poverty reduction is
well recognized. The global experience
of growth and poverty reduction shows
that GDP growth originating in
agriculture is at least twice as effective
in reducing poverty as GDP growth
originating outside agriculture. Small
holdings play important role in raising
agricultural development and poverty
reduction. The highest growth rate of
GDP from agriculture and allied
activities of 23.9 per cent per annum in
recent years was recorded in the period
2002-03 to 2010-11 . If we look at
decadal average 1980s recorded the
highest growth rate of more than 3 per
cent per annum. In the post-reform
period, it declined to 2.76 per cent per
annum. The deceleration in the growth
rate of GDP from agriculture between
the first half of the 1990s and the later
period is glaring. It is disquieting to
note that during the 2007-08 to 2014–
15, agriculture growth was only

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The role of small farms in
development and poverty reduction is
well recognized. The global experience
of growth and poverty reduction shows
that GDP growth originating in
agriculture is at least twice as effective
in reducing poverty as GDP growth
originating outside agriculture. Small
holdings play important role in raising
agricultural development and poverty
reduction. The highest growth rate of
GDP from agriculture and allied
activities of 23.9 per cent per annum in
recent years was recorded in the period
2002-03 to 2010-11 . If we look at
decadal average 1980s recorded the
highest growth rate of more than 3 per
cent per annum. In the post-reform
period, it declined to 2.76 per cent per
annum. The deceleration in the growth
rate of GDP from agriculture between
the first half of the 1990s and the later
period is glaring. It is disquieting to
note that during the 2007-08 to 2014–
15, agriculture growth was only

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The role of small farms in
development and poverty reduction is
well recognized. The global experience
of growth and poverty reduction shows
that GDP growth originating in
agriculture is at least twice as effective
in reducing poverty as GDP growth
originating outside agriculture. Small
holdings play important role in raising
agricultural development and poverty
reduction. The highest growth rate of
GDP from agriculture and allied
activities of 23.9 per cent per annum in
recent years was recorded in the period
2002-03 to 2010-11 . If we look at
decadal average 1980s recorded the
highest growth rate of more than 3 per
cent per annum. In the post-reform
period, it declined to 2.76 per cent per
annum. The deceleration in the growth
rate of GDP from agriculture between
the first half of the 1990s and the later
period is glaring. It is disquieting to
note that during the 2007-08 to 2014–
15, agriculture growth was only

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The role of small farms in
development and poverty reduction is
well recognized. The global experience
of growth and poverty reduction shows
that GDP growth originating in
agriculture is at least twice as effective
in reducing poverty as GDP growth
originating outside agriculture. Small
holdings play important role in raising
agricultural development and poverty
reduction. The highest growth rate of
GDP from agriculture and allied
activities of 23.9 per cent per annum in
recent years was recorded in the period
2002-03 to 2010-11 . If we look at
decadal average 1980s recorded the
highest growth rate of more than 3 per
cent per annum. In the post-reform
period, it declined to 2.76 per cent per
annum. The deceleration in the growth
rate of GDP from agriculture between
the first half of the 1990s and the later
period is glaring. It is disquieting to
note that during the 2007-08 to 2014–
15, agriculture growth was only

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture
which is the focus of this paper is
important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in
India. It may be noted that Indian
agriculture is the home of small and
marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the
future of sustainable agriculture growth
and food security in India depends on
the performance of small and marginal
farmers. Agricultural Census data
shows that there were about 121 million
agricultural holdings in India in 2000-
01. Around 99 million were small and
marginal farmers. Average size has
declined from 2.3 ha. In 1990-91 to 1.37
ha. In 2010-11. Small and marginal
farmers account for more than 80% of
total farm hrs. But their share in
operated area is around 44%. Thus,
there are significant land inequalities in
India.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The role of small farms in
development and poverty reduction is
well recognized. The global experience
of growth and poverty reduction shows
that GDP growth originating in
agriculture is at least twice as effective
in reducing poverty as GDP growth
originating outside agriculture. Small
holdings play important role in raising
agricultural development and poverty
reduction. The highest growth rate of
GDP from agriculture and allied
activities of 23.9 per cent per annum in
recent years was recorded in the period
2002-03 to 2010-11 . If we look at
decadal average 1980s recorded the
highest growth rate of more than 3 per
cent per annum. In the post-reform
period, it declined to 2.76 per cent per
annum. The deceleration in the growth
rate of GDP from agriculture between
the first half of the 1990s and the later
period is glaring. It is disquieting to
note that during the 2007-08 to 2014–
15, agriculture growth was only

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture
which is the focus of this paper is
important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in
India. It may be noted that Indian
agriculture is the home of small and
marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the
future of sustainable agriculture growth
and food security in India depends on
the performance of small and marginal
farmers. Agricultural Census data
shows that there were about 121 million
agricultural holdings in India in 2000-
01. Around 99 million were small and
marginal farmers. Average size has
declined from 2.3 ha. In 1990-91 to 1.37
ha. In 2010-11. Small and marginal
farmers account for more than 80% of
total farm hrs. But their share in
operated area is around 44%. Thus,
there are significant land inequalities in
India.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Smaller-size holdings increased very substantially between 1971 and 1991: proportionate contribution to sugarcane production increasing from 29 to 46 per cent, and for jute from 47 to 65 per cent. Similarly, smaller-size holdings were the major producers of vegetables and fruits, contributing 51 per cent of the production in 1991. The increasing importance of smallholder agriculture to national production and to food security is clearly manifest.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

49
These families’ options for earning such cash are to sell their unused labour, and/or (if
owning land) to intensify, expand, or diversify their more-productive own-farm
activities. Thus, in the national interests - including the interest that rural poverty should
not be transformed into urban destitution - mechanisms that generate rural on- farm, offfarm,
and on-off-farm employment, and that include a component of risk-management
insurance to complement the Public Distribution System, should be promoted
vigorously.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

49
These families’ options for earning such cash are to sell their unused labour, and/or (if
owning land) to intensify, expand, or diversify their more-productive own-farm
activities. Thus, in the national interests - including the interest that rural poverty should
not be transformed into urban destitution - mechanisms that generate rural on- farm, offfarm,
and on-off-farm employment, and that include a component of risk-management
insurance to complement the Public Distribution System, should be promoted
vigorously.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Smaller-size holdings increased very
substantially between 1971 and 1991: proportionate contribution to sugarcane
production increasing from 29 to 46 per cent, and for jute from 47 to 65 per cent.
Similarly, smaller-size holdings were the major producers of vegetables and fruits,
contributing 51 per cent of the production in 1991. The increasing importance of smallholder
agriculture to national production and to food security is clearly manifest.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small- holder farmers are vital for India’s agriculture and rural economy. Small-holder
farmers - defined as those marginal and sub-marginal farm households that own or/and
cultivate less than 2.0 hectare of land - constitute about 78 per cent of the country’s
farmers (at Agricultural Census 1990-91). These small-holders owned only 33 per cent
of the total cultivated land; their contribution to national grain production was
nonetheless 41 per cent. Their contribution to household food security and poverty
alleviation is thus dis-proportionately high - and is increasing. Moreover, as the
nationa l population increases, so does the number of small-holdings.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small- holder farmers are vital for India’s agriculture and rural economy. Small-holder
farmers - defined as those marginal and sub-marginal farm households that own or/and
cultivate less than 2.0 hectare of land - constitute about 78 per cent of the country’s
farmers (at Agricultural Census 1990-91). These small-holders owned only 33 per cent
of the total cultivated land; their contribution to national grain production was
nonetheless 41 per cent. Their contribution to household food security and poverty
alleviation is thus dis-proportionately high - and is increasing. Moreover, as the
nationa l population increases, so does the number of small-holdings.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small- holder farmers are vital for India’s agriculture and rural economy. Small-holder
farmers - defined as those marginal and sub-marginal farm households that own or/and
cultivate less than 2.0 hectare of land - constitute about 78 per cent of the country’s
farmers (at Agricultural Census 1990-91). These small-holders owned only 33 per cent
of the total cultivated land; their contribution to national grain production was
nonetheless 41 per cent. Their contribution to household food security and poverty
alleviation is thus dis-proportionately high - and is increasing. Moreover, as the
nationa l population increases, so does the number of small-holdings.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small- holder families constitute more than half of the national population. It is thus
disappointing that notwithstanding their substantial and increasing contribution to the
national food supply and to agricultural GDP, these small- holder families nonetheless
constitute more than half of the nation’s totals of hungry and poor. Policies and
programmes to lessen poverty and food insecurity, and to enhance equity and
sustainability of incomes and livelihoods, should thus seek to achieve an agriculture-led
broad-based economic development - and to do so by according highest priority to
small-scale agriculture.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small- holder farmers are vital for India’s agriculture and rural economy. Small-holder
farmers - defined as those marginal and sub-marginal farm households that own or/and
cultivate less than 2.0 hectare of land - constitute about 78 per cent of the country’s
farmers (at Agricultural Census 1990-91). These small-holders owned only 33 per cent
of the total cultivated land; their contribution to national grain production was
nonetheless 41 per cent. Their contribution to household food security and poverty
alleviation is thus dis-proportionately high - and is increasing. Moreover, as the
nationa l population increases, so does the number of small-holdings.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small- holder farmers are vital for India’s agriculture and rural economy. Small-holder
farmers - defined as those marginal and sub-marginal farm households that own or/and
cultivate less than 2.0 hectare of land - constitute about 78 per cent of the country’s
farmers (at Agricultural Census 1990-91). These small-holders owned only 33 per cent
of the total cultivated land; their contribution to national grain production was
nonetheless 41 per cent. Their contribution to household food security and poverty
alleviation is thus dis-proportionately high - and is increasing. Moreover, as the
nationa l population increases, so does the number of small-holdings.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

This winter, we hope to buckle down on our projects, using the lull of cold weather to wrap up loose ends, return to the bright ideas brainstormed through the season, and document, document, document. Though Farm Hack is still a young community, we have a big vision for expanding the functionality of farmhack.net, growing our network of farm hackers, connecting farmers to seed money to develop and document their innovation ideas, and forming documentation fellows to preserve and share the vast number of tools, old and new, already in existence that can be of use to small farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

This winter, we hope to buckle down on our projects, using the lull of cold weather to wrap up loose ends, return to the bright ideas brainstormed through the season, and document, document, document. Though Farm Hack is still a young community, we have a big vision for expanding the functionality of farmhack.net, growing our network of farm hackers, connecting farmers to seed money to develop and document their innovation ideas, and forming documentation fellows to preserve and share the vast number of tools, old and new, already in existence that can be of use to small farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

This winter, we hope to buckle down on our projects, using the lull of cold weather to wrap up loose ends, return to the bright ideas brainstormed through the season, and document, document, document. Though Farm Hack is still a young community, we have a big vision for expanding the functionality of farmhack.net, growing our network of farm hackers, connecting farmers to seed money to develop and document their innovation ideas, and forming documentation fellows to preserve and share the vast number of tools, old and new, already in existence that can be of use to small farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours. Thus Such Food Chillers Can Efficiently Operate In Regions

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Farmers have long been tinkering, designing and building farm technology on their farms and sharing it with neighbors. However, with the rise of industrial agriculture, the culture of on-farm tinkering, resourcefulness and scrappy adaptation was replaced with expensive, high-tech farm machinery. The goal of Farm Hack is to rejuvenate the historically rich culture of on-farm innovation, sharing and collaborative design and move it forward in support of a more resilient agricultural system.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours. Thus Such Food Chillers Can Efficiently Operate In Regions

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours. Thus Such Food Chillers Can Efficiently Operate In Regions

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours. Thus Such Food Chillers Can Efficiently Operate In Regions

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours. Thus Such Food Chillers Can Efficiently Operate In Regions

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

To give the agricultural research and technology development system an explicit development and business perspective through innovative models. In other words, the agricultural research system should be able to support agriculture as a business venture and also as a means of security of livelihood of the rural Indian while maintaining excellence in science.
To make the National Agricultural Research System a 'pluralistic' system where every Organisation having stake in agricultural research: public, private or civil society, has to play a role.
Working in well defined partnership groups with clear common goals and understanding on sharing responsibilities and benefits.
Funding through competition so that a wide choice of excellent innovative ideas come in from the stakeholders themselves.
Work with focus, plan and time frames.
Develop well-tested models for application of agricultural research and technology for profitability of farming, income generation and poverty alleviation.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

To give the agricultural research and technology development system an explicit development and business perspective through innovative models. In other words, the agricultural research system should be able to support agriculture as a business venture and also as a means of security of livelihood of the rural Indian while maintaining excellence in science.
To make the National Agricultural Research System a 'pluralistic' system where every Organisation having stake in agricultural research: public, private or civil society, has to play a role.
Working in well defined partnership groups with clear common goals and understanding on sharing responsibilities and benefits.
Funding through competition so that a wide choice of excellent innovative ideas come in from the stakeholders themselves.
Work with focus, plan and time frames.
Develop well-tested models for application of agricultural research and technology for profitability of farming, income generation and poverty alleviation.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

To give the agricultural research and technology development system an explicit development and business perspective through innovative models. In other words, the agricultural research system should be able to support agriculture as a business venture and also as a means of security of livelihood of the rural Indian while maintaining excellence in science.
To make the National Agricultural Research System a 'pluralistic' system where every Organisation having stake in agricultural research: public, private or civil society, has to play a role.
Working in well defined partnership groups with clear common goals and understanding on sharing responsibilities and benefits.
Funding through competition so that a wide choice of excellent innovative ideas come in from the stakeholders themselves.
Work with focus, plan and time frames.
Develop well-tested models for application of agricultural research and technology for profitability of farming, income generation and poverty alleviation.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Large Cold Storage Facilities For Storage Of Vegetables Are Out Of Reach And Unaffordable For The Small And Marginal Farmers. The Chiller Is A Cost Effective And Ultra-low Energy Consuming Storage Device And Consists Of Three Units Evaporative Cooler, Sub Cooler And A Food Storage Cabin. It Uses Phase Change Material (pcm), Which Acts As An Effective Medium Of Passive Cooling System, Absorbing Heat Until It Reaches Its Melting Point And Changes Its Phase From Solid To Liquid. The Device Consumes Power Only For Charging The Liquid Pcm I.e. Converting It Back Into Solid State, Which Can Be Done During Night Times (off-peak) Within 1-2 Hours. Thus Such Food Chillers Can Efficiently Operate In Regions

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The collaboration originated during the European Union project EAU4Food, for which a Memorandum of Agreement was signed between the CSIR and LDARD,” says Nebo. The team introduced innovative farming in small-holder irrigation farms in Limpopo: The use of drip irrigation systems to irrigate three vegetable crops per year using improved farming practices, such as high-yielding varieties appealing to the market, scientific irrigation scheduling, fertilisation based on soil analyses and in situ available resources for mulching and organic fertiliser (manure, compost and biochar).

“What made this project unique was the huge increase in crop yield in the context of small farming: From 10 - 20 tons per hectare to 60 - 80 tons per hectare of A grade tomatoes,” says Constansia. “The implementation of a package of innovations to support emerging irrigation farmers, the demonstration of real-world on-farm experiments, the use of resources available in situ on farms such as grasses for mulch, compost and biochar for fertilisation, as well as the active participation of the community through a trans-disciplinary approach, set this project apart

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The collaboration originated during the European Union project EAU4Food, for which a Memorandum of Agreement was signed between the CSIR and LDARD,” says Nebo. The team introduced innovative farming in small-holder irrigation farms in Limpopo: The use of drip irrigation systems to irrigate three vegetable crops per year using improved farming practices, such as high-yielding varieties appealing to the market, scientific irrigation scheduling, fertilisation based on soil analyses and in situ available resources for mulching and organic fertiliser (manure, compost and biochar).

“What made this project unique was the huge increase in crop yield in the context of small farming: From 10 - 20 tons per hectare to 60 - 80 tons per hectare of A grade tomatoes,” says Constansia. “The implementation of a package of innovations to support emerging irrigation farmers, the demonstration of real-world on-farm experiments, the use of resources available in situ on farms such as grasses for mulch, compost and biochar for fertilisation, as well as the active participation of the community through a trans-disciplinary approach, set this project apart

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub. The work will continue until 2020 with a focus on Bangladesh, Cambodia and Nepal and the possibility for expansion to other countries in the region.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub. The work will continue until 2020 with a focus on Bangladesh, Cambodia and Nepal and the possibility for expansion to other countries in the region.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub. The work will continue until 2020 with a focus on Bangladesh, Cambodia and Nepal and the possibility for expansion to other countries in the region.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

With respect to empowerment- e-choupal comes up as fine example. This is example of efficient supply chain system empowering the farmers with timely and relevant information enabling them to get better returns for their produce. And due to its community centric approach, it gives other offerings also to the farmers’ like- insurance and farm management practise, etc.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub. The work will continue until 2020 with a focus on Bangladesh, Cambodia and Nepal and the possibility for expansion to other countries in the region.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub. The work will continue until 2020 with a focus on Bangladesh, Cambodia and Nepal and the possibility for expansion to other countries in the region.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Farming and Information Technology seems to be the most distantly placed knowledge sets in the world. Farming being the most primitive and most basic of the jobs and IT related being the most advanced and most modern. However we know the importance of farming as it is essential for life maintenance on the surface of mother earth and it is important for the developments in IT to aid for the betterment of farming to produce better.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Farming and Information Technology seems to be the most distantly placed knowledge sets in the world. Farming being the most primitive and most basic of the jobs and IT related being the most advanced and most modern. However we know the importance of farming as it is essential for life maintenance on the surface of mother earth and it is important for the developments in IT to aid for the betterment of farming to produce better.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Farming in India is the center area for sustenance security, dietary security, and supportable advancement and for destitution easing. It contributes approx. 14 % of GDP. Turning points in farming advancement in India incorporates: Green insurgency, Evergreen unrest, Blue transformation, White upheaval, yellow upset, Bio innovation unrest and the latest one is Information and correspondence innovation unrest.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Rural practices and progressions vary internationally—since plants have their own particular contrasts and the area assumes a part on their advancement also. Be that as it may, through the trading of information from various agronomically included people from everywhere throughout the world, change of methods can be experienced too. It has had an effect on how data is shared, and having the capacity to utilize this data for the progression of the horticultural area gives an extraordinary positive effect that is useful for everybody. IT has turned into a scaffold for individuals from everywhere throughout the world.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

IT underpins new techniques for accuracy agribusiness like modernized ranch apparatus that applies for composts and pesticides. Ranch creatures are sustained and checked by electronic sensors and ID frameworks. Offering or purchasing online started to end up mainstream on the planet. Be that as it may, it's most critical part remains correspondence, and the Internet has furnished us with a perfect chance to do as such.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Farming in India is the center area for sustenance security, dietary security, and supportable advancement and for destitution easing. It contributes approx. 14 % of GDP. Turning points in farming advancement in India incorporates: Green insurgency, Evergreen unrest, Blue transformation, White upheaval, yellow upset, Bio innovation unrest and the latest one is Information and correspondence innovation unrest.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Rural practices and progressions vary internationally—since plants have their own particular contrasts and the area assumes a part on their advancement also. Be that as it may, through the trading of information from various agronomically included people from everywhere throughout the world, change of methods can be experienced too. It has had an effect on how data is shared, and having the capacity to utilize this data for the progression of the horticultural area gives an extraordinary positive effect that is useful for everybody. IT has turned into a scaffold for individuals from everywhere throughout the world.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Despite reductions in extreme poverty in Asia, food insecurity and poverty persist. Millions of smallholder farmers in South and Southeast Asia are trying to improve their livelihoods, build resilience to climate change and adjust to shifting market demand. Adopting new agricultural technologies that make food production and distribution more efficient can assist them to achieve these goals.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub. The work will continue until 2020 with a focus on Bangladesh, Cambodia and Nepal and the possibility for expansion to other countries in the region.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub. The work will continue until 2020 with a focus on Bangladesh, Cambodia and Nepal and the possibility for expansion to other countries in the region.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub. The work will continue until 2020 with a focus on Bangladesh, Cambodia and Nepal and the possibility for expansion to other countries in the region.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub. The work will continue until 2020 with a focus on Bangladesh, Cambodia and Nepal and the possibility for expansion to other countries in the region.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub. The work will continue until 2020 with a focus on Bangladesh, Cambodia and Nepal and the possibility for expansion to other countries in the region.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub. The work will continue until 2020 with a focus on Bangladesh, Cambodia and Nepal and the possibility for expansion to other countries in the region.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project focuses on knowledge transfer among countries in Asia, by creating challenge competitions to discover the most promising technologies, support partnerships and ultimately bring successful tools and practices to farmers in all stages of the supply chain – from productivity to marketing. Based in Bangkok, Thailand, the project and its partner, Katsetsart University, also strengthen technology networks via a Regional Innovation Hub. The work will continue until 2020 with a focus on Bangladesh, Cambodia and Nepal and the possibility for expansion to other countries in the region.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Climate change has a significant impact on poor farmers and indigenous people in marginal rural areas. These people often sustain a rich diversity of crop varieties and resilient local land races, which are key for adapting to climate change on both a local and global basis.
The project seeks to strengthen biocultural systems as a whole and recognises the close inter-dependence between traditional knowledge, biodiversity, landscapes, customary laws and cultural and spiritual values. It aims to:

Generate new evidence of the role of biocultural innovations — such as traditional crops and related practices — in resilience to climate change (for example, coping with drought and pests) .
It builds on a previous project — Protecting community rights over traditional knowledge: Implications of customary laws and practices  which explored ways to protect collective knowledge systems and developed the concept of biocultural heritage.
Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Develop practical tools and approaches to strengthen local innovation systems and rights, including community seed registers, novel biocultural products, biocultural protocols and participatory plant breeding;

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The initial focus of the partnership will center on the moringa tree (Moringa oleifera), shown above. Virtually every part of this fast-growing and drought-tolerant tree has a use, from the leaves with their extraordinary nutrient content to the young seed pods, which are a delicacy in some countries. But the Saskatoon-based POS team is particularly focused on the oil extracted from the moringa tree’s seeds, echoing back to the company’s early success in helping to develop the canola oil industry which significantly improved the livelihood of farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The initial focus of the partnership will center on the moringa tree (Moringa oleifera), shown above. Virtually every part of this fast-growing and drought-tolerant tree has a use, from the leaves with their extraordinary nutrient content to the young seed pods, which are a delicacy in some countries. But the Saskatoon-based POS team is particularly focused on the oil extracted from the moringa tree’s seeds, echoing back to the company’s early success in helping to develop the canola oil industry which significantly improved the livelihood of farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The post-reform growth was
led by services. Commodity sector growth (agriculture+industry) has not been higher in the postreform
period as compared to that of 1980s. Particular worry is agriculture sector which showed
lower than 2% per annum in the decade of mid-1990s to mid-2000s. There are also concerns on
food security and livelihoods.
Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The post-reform growth was
led by services. Commodity sector growth (agriculture+industry) has not been higher in the postreform
period as compared to that of 1980s. Particular worry is agriculture sector which showed
lower than 2% per annum in the decade of mid-1990s to mid-2000s. There are also concerns on
food security and livelihoods.
Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Conclusion and Recommendations
This study seeks to fill the gap that existed in the literature on gender and leadership behaviors in
community development because women contribution is getting bigger but too often they are not
documented.
Analysis of data showed that leadership understanding and style employed by women leaders is
participatory or collaborative in nature and this is in line with some of the finding from other studies in
women led organization in other countries. It was also found out that the desire to serve the
community, to have better quality of life, religious calling and the need to give back are the main
motives why they became leaders. They also face challenges such as resistance from some members,
lack of funding, balancing role as women and leaders, dwindling interest in participation and because
of these, they have to adopt several strategies such as using collaborative leadership style.
Women leadership relates more to a holistic and “bottom-ups” approach in developing the
community. This approach has a greater success and impact on community development compared to
the “top-down” approach commonly utilized by male community leaders.
To sustain the development of women leaders in community development, the researcher
suggest the following actions:
Women Leadership and Community Development 370
1. Create opportunities for these leaders to document their experience and development as
community leaders. Studies and report that include women telling their stories will raise
awareness of women achievements and contribution to the field.
2. Through documentation and dissemination of information, the women can share the “best
practices” and learn from each other.
3. Cultivate new leaders through training or mentoring
4. Integrate study findings in leadership training program.
5. Organize a dialogue session among women led organizations for sharing knowledge

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

In other words, real development
in terms of growth shared by all sections of the population has not taken place. We have
problems of poverty, unemployment, inequalities in access to health and education and poor
performance of agriculture sector. One of the excluded sector during the reform period was
agriculture which showed low growth and experienced more farmers’ suicides. There are serious
concerns on the performance of agriculture sector in the country. The post-reform growth was
led by services. Commodity sector growth (agriculture+industry) has not been higher in the postreform
period as compared to that of 1980s. Particular worry is agriculture sector which showed
lower than 2% per annum in the decade of mid-1990s to mid-2000s. There are also concerns on
food security and livelihoods.
Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Conclusion and Recommendations
This study seeks to fill the gap that existed in the literature on gender and leadership behaviors in
community development because women contribution is getting bigger but too often they are not
documented.
Analysis of data showed that leadership understanding and style employed by women leaders is
participatory or collaborative in nature and this is in line with some of the finding from other studies in
women led organization in other countries. It was also found out that the desire to serve the
community, to have better quality of life, religious calling and the need to give back are the main
motives why they became leaders. They also face challenges such as resistance from some members,
lack of funding, balancing role as women and leaders, dwindling interest in participation and because
of these, they have to adopt several strategies such as using collaborative leadership style.
Women leadership relates more to a holistic and “bottom-ups” approach in developing the
community. This approach has a greater success and impact on community development compared to
the “top-down” approach commonly utilized by male community leaders.
To sustain the development of women leaders in community development, the researcher
suggest the following actions:
Women Leadership and Community Development 370
1. Create opportunities for these leaders to document their experience and development as
community leaders. Studies and report that include women telling their stories will raise
awareness of women achievements and contribution to the field.
2. Through documentation and dissemination of information, the women can share the “best
practices” and learn from each other.
3. Cultivate new leaders through training or mentoring
4. Integrate study findings in leadership training program.
5. Organize a dialogue session among women led organizations for sharing knowledge

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Conclusion and Recommendations
This study seeks to fill the gap that existed in the literature on gender and leadership behaviors in
community development because women contribution is getting bigger but too often they are not
documented.
Analysis of data showed that leadership understanding and style employed by women leaders is
participatory or collaborative in nature and this is in line with some of the finding from other studies in
women led organization in other countries. It was also found out that the desire to serve the
community, to have better quality of life, religious calling and the need to give back are the main
motives why they became leaders. They also face challenges such as resistance from some members,
lack of funding, balancing role as women and leaders, dwindling interest in participation and because
of these, they have to adopt several strategies such as using collaborative leadership style.
Women leadership relates more to a holistic and “bottom-ups” approach in developing the
community. This approach has a greater success and impact on community development compared to
the “top-down” approach commonly utilized by male community leaders.
To sustain the development of women leaders in community development, the researcher
suggest the following actions:
Women Leadership and Community Development 370
1. Create opportunities for these leaders to document their experience and development as
community leaders. Studies and report that include women telling their stories will raise
awareness of women achievements and contribution to the field.
2. Through documentation and dissemination of information, the women can share the “best
practices” and learn from each other.
3. Cultivate new leaders through training or mentoring
4. Integrate study findings in leadership training program.
5. Organize a dialogue session among women led organizations for sharing knowledge

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

In other words, real development
in terms of growth shared by all sections of the population has not taken place. We have
problems of poverty, unemployment, inequalities in access to health and education and poor
performance of agriculture sector. One of the excluded sector during the reform period was
agriculture which showed low growth and experienced more farmers’ suicides. There are serious
concerns on the performance of agriculture sector in the country. The post-reform growth was
led by services. Commodity sector growth (agriculture+industry) has not been higher in the postreform
period as compared to that of 1980s. Particular worry is agriculture sector which showed
lower than 2% per annum in the decade of mid-1990s to mid-2000s. There are also concerns on
food security and livelihoods.
Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

In other words, real development
in terms of growth shared by all sections of the population has not taken place. We have
problems of poverty, unemployment, inequalities in access to health and education and poor
performance of agriculture sector. One of the excluded sector during the reform period was
agriculture which showed low growth and experienced more farmers’ suicides. There are serious
concerns on the performance of agriculture sector in the country. The post-reform growth was
led by services. Commodity sector growth (agriculture+industry) has not been higher in the postreform
period as compared to that of 1980s. Particular worry is agriculture sector which showed
lower than 2% per annum in the decade of mid-1990s to mid-2000s. There are also concerns on
food security and livelihoods.
Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

In other words, real development
in terms of growth shared by all sections of the population has not taken place. We have
problems of poverty, unemployment, inequalities in access to health and education and poor
performance of agriculture sector. One of the excluded sector during the reform period was
agriculture which showed low growth and experienced more farmers’ suicides. There are serious
concerns on the performance of agriculture sector in the country. The post-reform growth was
led by services. Commodity sector growth (agriculture+industry) has not been higher in the postreform
period as compared to that of 1980s. Particular worry is agriculture sector which showed
lower than 2% per annum in the decade of mid-1990s to mid-2000s. There are also concerns on
food security and livelihoods.
Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

In other words, real development
in terms of growth shared by all sections of the population has not taken place. We have
problems of poverty, unemployment, inequalities in access to health and education and poor
performance of agriculture sector. One of the excluded sector during the reform period was
agriculture which showed low growth and experienced more farmers’ suicides. There are serious
concerns on the performance of agriculture sector in the country. The post-reform growth was
led by services. Commodity sector growth (agriculture+industry) has not been higher in the postreform
period as compared to that of 1980s. Particular worry is agriculture sector which showed
lower than 2% per annum in the decade of mid-1990s to mid-2000s. There are also concerns on
food security and livelihoods.
Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

It has the mandate to strengthen the inter-sector convergence; facilitate the process of coordinating all the women’s welfare and socio-economic development programmes across ministries and departments. The Mission aims to provide a single window service for all programmes run by the Government for Women under aegis of various Central Ministries.

In light with its mandate, the Mission has been named Mission Poorna Shakti, implying a vision for holistic empowerment of women.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

It has the mandate to strengthen the inter-sector convergence; facilitate the process of coordinating all the women’s welfare and socio-economic development programmes across ministries and departments. The Mission aims to provide a single window service for all programmes run by the Government for Women under aegis of various Central Ministries.

In light with its mandate, the Mission has been named Mission Poorna Shakti, implying a vision for holistic empowerment of women.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

It has the mandate to strengthen the inter-sector convergence; facilitate the process of coordinating all the women’s welfare and socio-economic development programmes across ministries and departments. The Mission aims to provide a single window service for all programmes run by the Government for Women under aegis of various Central Ministries.

In light with its mandate, the Mission has been named Mission Poorna Shakti, implying a vision for holistic empowerment of women.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

It has the mandate to strengthen the inter-sector convergence; facilitate the process of coordinating all the women’s welfare and socio-economic development programmes across ministries and departments. The Mission aims to provide a single window service for all programmes run by the Government for Women under aegis of various Central Ministries.

In light with its mandate, the Mission has been named Mission Poorna Shakti, implying a vision for holistic empowerment of women.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

In other words, real development
in terms of growth shared by all sections of the population has not taken place. We have
problems of poverty, unemployment, inequalities in access to health and education and poor
performance of agriculture sector. One of the excluded sector during the reform period was
agriculture which showed low growth and experienced more farmers’ suicides. There are serious
concerns on the performance of agriculture sector in the country. The post-reform growth was
led by services. Commodity sector growth (agriculture+industry) has not been higher in the postreform
period as compared to that of 1980s. Particular worry is agriculture sector which showed
lower than 2% per annum in the decade of mid-1990s to mid-2000s. There are also concerns on
food security and livelihoods.
Small holdings agriculture which is the focus of this paper is important for raising agriculture
growth, food security and livelihoods in India. It may be noted that Indian agriculture is the
home of small and marginal farmers (80%). Therefore, the future of sustainable agriculture
growth and food security in India depends on the performance of small and marginal farmers.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

According to the provisions of the Constitution of India, it is a legal point to grant equality to women in the society in all spheres just like male. 

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

According to the provisions of the Constitution of India, it is a legal point to grant equality to women in the society in all spheres just like male. 

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agroecology helps increase incomes in rural areas by promoting on-farm fertility generation, which reduces farmers’ reliance on external inputs and state subsidies, making vulnerable smallholders less dependent on moneylenders. Livestock manure and growing green manures can supply nutrients to the soil and farmers can also establish a ‘fertilizer factory in the fields,’ planting trees that take nitrogen out of the air to ‘fix’ it in their leaves which later fertilise the soil.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Women empowerment is empowering the women to take their own decisions for their personal dependent. Empowering women is to make them independent in all aspects from mind, thought, rights, decisions, etc by leaving all the social and family limitations. It is to bring equality in the society for both male and female in all areas. Women empowerment is very necessary to make the bright future of the family, society and country. Women need fresh and more capable environment so that they can take their own right decisions in every area whether for themselves, family, society or country. In order to make the country fully developed country, women empowerment is an essential tool to get the goal of development.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Women empowerment is empowering the women to take their own decisions for their personal dependent. Empowering women is to make them independent in all aspects from mind, thought, rights, decisions, etc by leaving all the social and family limitations. 

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Women empowerment is empowering the women to take their own decisions for their personal dependent. Empowering women is to make them independent in all aspects from mind, thought, rights, decisions, etc by leaving all the social and family limitations. It is to bring equality in the society for both male and female in all areas. Women empowerment is very necessary to make the bright future of the family, society and country. Women need fresh and more capable environment so that they can take their own right decisions in every area whether for themselves, family, society or country. In order to make the country fully developed country, women empowerment is an essential tool to get the goal of development.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Women empowerment is empowering the women to take their own decisions for their personal dependent. Empowering women is to make them independent in all aspects from mind, thought, rights, decisions, etc by leaving all the social and family limitations. It is to bring equality in the society for both male and female in all areas. Women empowerment is very necessary to make the bright future of the family, society and country. Women need fresh and more capable environment so that they can take their own right decisions in every area whether for themselves, family, society or country. In order to make the country fully developed country, women empowerment is an essential tool to get the goal of development.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Women empowerment is empowering the women to take their own decisions for their personal dependent. Empowering women is to make them independent in all aspects from mind, thought, rights, decisions, etc by leaving all the social and family limitations. It is to bring equality in the society for both male and female in all areas. Women empowerment is very necessary to make the bright future of the family, society and country. Women need fresh and more capable environment so that they can take their own right decisions in every area whether for themselves, family, society or country. In order to make the country fully developed country, women empowerment is an essential tool to get the goal of development.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Women empowerment is empowering the women to take their own decisions for their personal dependent. Empowering women is to make them independent in all aspects from mind, thought, rights, decisions, etc by leaving all the social and family limitations. It is to bring equality in the society for both male and female in all areas. Women empowerment is very necessary to make the bright future of the family, society and country. Women need fresh and more capable environment so that they can take their own right decisions in every area whether for themselves, family, society or country. In order to make the country fully developed country, women empowerment is an essential tool to get the goal of development.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

By supporting women in society and giving them access to equal opportunities such as an education, jobs and health care, everyone benefits. Infant mortality rates go down, more children stay in school, incomes increase and the cycle of poverty can be broken. By volunteering on this program. 

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Women empowerment is empowering the women to take their own decisions for their personal dependent. Empowering women is to make them independent in all aspects from mind, thought, rights, decisions, etc by leaving all the social and family limitations. It is to bring equality in the society for both male and female in all areas. Women empowerment is very necessary to make the bright future of the family, society and country. Women need fresh and more capable environment so that they can take their own right decisions in every area whether for themselves, family, society or country. In order to make the country fully developed country, women empowerment is an essential tool to get the goal of development.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

This program educates women on primary health issues to combat common health problems. They also work to train traditional birth attendants.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

By supporting women in society and giving them access to equal opportunities such as an education, jobs and health care, everyone benefits. Infant mortality rates go down, more children stay in school, incomes increase and the cycle of poverty can be broken. By volunteering on this program with GVI, you will join a dedicated team of international volunteers assisting on sustainable and invaluable women’s empowerment initiatives.

In India, women are born into a society that is still having to face social inequalities ranging from gender-specific abortions, mistreatment from their spouses, eve teasing, being married off at an early age and in some cases being denied an education by their families. Through our initiatives in India, we aim to assist in gender equality through various educational, healthcare and income initiatives and empower local women by educating them on their rights the opportunities available to them.

Spam
Photo of Dr Simon M Holland

Hi, there is lot to at the front of the farmer side/ or farming side to harvest side and post harvest of the agriculture produce...as this was the one of sector which was kept away for modernization...even though it feeds the world...we have to use our best to provide the technologial innovative solution to farmer to improve the crop productivity, to improve the pest disease resistance, improve the soil fertility which is degrading day by day, improve over all quality of the produce and best harvest practices so we have less post harvest losses...or way to find out how to improve the shelf life of the farm produce...
This is something not like we can't do..but it really require serious efforts to make the result visible to every one.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

A wide range of agroecological techniques have been developed and proven in various regions. Integrated nutrient management fixes nutrients from inorganic and organic sources within the farm system and reduces nutrient loss by controlling erosion.
Water harvesting in dryland areas allows abandoned and degraded lands to be cultivated. In West Africa, stone barriers built beside fields reduce runoff during the rainy season, improving soil moisture, replenishing water tables, and reducing soil erosion. The water retention capacity is multiplied five to ten-fold and biomass production 10 to 15 times. Livestock can feed on the grass that grows along the stone barriers after the rains. Integration of livestock into farming systems provides a protein source for the family and nutrients are returned to the soil by dairy cattle, pigs and poultry and by fish or shrimps raised in irrigated rice fields or ponds.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Create village self-help groups in which women independently establish financial institutions that manage profit-making programs.
Help a Women's Empowerment Project that provides training for members, holds quarterly meetings, and provides vocational support.
Educate the public about women's issues to ensure that local women receive equal opportunities and compensation, while promoting gender sensitivity.
Assist an organization's Community Action for Safe Motherhood Program, which provides training and ongoing technical support to NGOs on community-based information and service for adolescents. This program educates women on primary health issues to combat common health problems. They also work to train traditional birth attendants.
Assess the success of past women's leadership programs and make suggestions for improvements.
Assist projects that focus on mobilizing local women to protect natural resources by controlling farmland development, composting, and preserving water.
Establish workshops that introduce microenterprises to those in tribal communities; help provide skills training to increase levels of employment and reduce migration; and empower women to create their own income-generating activities.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Create village self-help groups in which women independently establish financial institutions that manage profit-making programs.
Help a Women's Empowerment Project that provides training for members, holds quarterly meetings, and provides vocational support.
Educate the public about women's issues to ensure that local women receive equal opportunities and compensation, while promoting gender sensitivity.
Assist an organization's Community Action for Safe Motherhood Program, which provides training and ongoing technical support to NGOs on community-based information and service for adolescents. This program educates women on primary health issues to combat common health problems. They also work to train traditional birth attendants.
Assess the success of past women's leadership programs and make suggestions for improvements.
Assist projects that focus on mobilizing local women to protect natural resources by controlling farmland development, composting, and preserving water.
Establish workshops that introduce microenterprises to those in tribal communities; help provide skills training to increase levels of employment and reduce migration; and empower women to create their own income-generating activities.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

A wide range of agroecological techniques have been developed and proven in various regions. Integrated nutrient management fixes nutrients from inorganic and organic sources within the farm system and reduces nutrient loss by controlling erosion.
Water harvesting in dryland areas allows abandoned and degraded lands to be cultivated. In West Africa, stone barriers built beside fields reduce runoff during the rainy season, improving soil moisture, replenishing water tables, and reducing soil erosion. The water retention capacity is multiplied five to ten-fold and biomass production 10 to 15 times. Livestock can feed on the grass that grows along the stone barriers after the rains. Integration of livestock into farming systems provides a protein source for the family and nutrients are returned to the soil by dairy cattle, pigs and poultry and by fish or shrimps raised in irrigated rice fields or ponds.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

A wide range of agroecological techniques have been developed and proven in various regions. Integrated nutrient management fixes nutrients from inorganic and organic sources within the farm system and reduces nutrient loss by controlling erosion.
Water harvesting in dryland areas allows abandoned and degraded lands to be cultivated. In West Africa, stone barriers built beside fields reduce runoff during the rainy season, improving soil moisture, replenishing water tables, and reducing soil erosion. The water retention capacity is multiplied five to ten-fold and biomass production 10 to 15 times. Livestock can feed on the grass that grows along the stone barriers after the rains. Integration of livestock into farming systems provides a protein source for the family and nutrients are returned to the soil by dairy cattle, pigs and poultry and by fish or shrimps raised in irrigated rice fields or ponds.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

A wide range of agroecological techniques have been developed and proven in various regions. Integrated nutrient management fixes nutrients from inorganic and organic sources within the farm system and reduces nutrient loss by controlling erosion.
Water harvesting in dryland areas allows abandoned and degraded lands to be cultivated. In West Africa, stone barriers built beside fields reduce runoff during the rainy season, improving soil moisture, replenishing water tables, and reducing soil erosion. The water retention capacity is multiplied five to ten-fold and biomass production 10 to 15 times. Livestock can feed on the grass that grows along the stone barriers after the rains. Integration of livestock into farming systems provides a protein source for the family and nutrients are returned to the soil by dairy cattle, pigs and poultry and by fish or shrimps raised in irrigated rice fields or ponds.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agroecology helps increase incomes in rural areas by promoting on-farm fertility generation, which reduces farmers’ reliance on external inputs and state subsidies, making vulnerable smallholders less dependent on moneylenders. Livestock manure and growing green manures can supply nutrients to the soil and farmers can also establish a ‘fertilizer factory in the fields,’ planting trees that take nitrogen out of the air to ‘fix’ it in their leaves which later fertilise the soil.
Potential ,plan , Global Environment Research Foundation a bench mark platform for co ordinate the small holdings farmers who have 1 abd1/2 bigha of land and does not effort to cultivate due to finance and Knowledge.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agroecology helps increase incomes in rural areas by promoting on-farm fertility generation, which reduces farmers’ reliance on external inputs and state subsidies, making vulnerable smallholders less dependent on moneylenders. Livestock manure and growing green manures can supply nutrients to the soil and farmers can also establish a ‘fertilizer factory in the fields,’ planting trees that take nitrogen out of the air to ‘fix’ it in their leaves which later fertilise the soil.
Potential ,plan , Global Environment Research Foundation a bench mark platform for co ordinate the small holdings farmers who have 1 abd1/2 bigha of land and does not effort to cultivate due to finance and Knowledge.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

A wide range of agroecological techniques have been developed and proven in various regions. Integrated nutrient management fixes nutrients from inorganic and organic sources within the farm system and reduces nutrient loss by controlling erosion.
Water harvesting in dryland areas allows abandoned and degraded lands to be cultivated. In West Africa, stone barriers built beside fields reduce runoff during the rainy season, improving soil moisture, replenishing water tables, and reducing soil erosion. The water retention capacity is multiplied five to ten-fold and biomass production 10 to 15 times. Livestock can feed on the grass that grows along the stone barriers after the rains. Integration of livestock into farming systems provides a protein source for the family and nutrients are returned to the soil by dairy cattle, pigs and poultry and by fish or shrimps raised in irrigated rice fields or ponds.

Agroecology helps increase incomes in rural areas by promoting on-farm fertility generation, which reduces farmers’ reliance on external inputs and state subsidies, making vulnerable smallholders less dependent on moneylenders. Livestock manure and growing green manures can supply nutrients to the soil and farmers can also establish a ‘fertilizer factory in the fields,’ planting trees that take nitrogen out of the air to ‘fix’ it in their leaves which later fertilise the soil.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

A wide range of agroecological techniques have been developed and proven in various regions. Integrated nutrient management fixes nutrients from inorganic and organic sources within the farm system and reduces nutrient loss by controlling erosion.
Water harvesting in dryland areas allows abandoned and degraded lands to be cultivated. In West Africa, stone barriers built beside fields reduce runoff during the rainy season, improving soil moisture, replenishing water tables, and reducing soil erosion. The water retention capacity is multiplied five to ten-fold and biomass production 10 to 15 times. Livestock can feed on the grass that grows along the stone barriers after the rains. Integration of livestock into farming systems provides a protein source for the family and nutrients are returned to the soil by dairy cattle, pigs and poultry and by fish or shrimps raised in irrigated rice fields or ponds.

Agroecology helps increase incomes in rural areas by promoting on-farm fertility generation, which reduces farmers’ reliance on external inputs and state subsidies, making vulnerable smallholders less dependent on moneylenders. Livestock manure and growing green manures can supply nutrients to the soil and farmers can also establish a ‘fertilizer factory in the fields,’ planting trees that take nitrogen out of the air to ‘fix’ it in their leaves which later fertilise the soil.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

A wide range of agroecological techniques have been developed and proven in various regions. Integrated nutrient management fixes nutrients from inorganic and organic sources within the farm system and reduces nutrient loss by controlling erosion.
Water harvesting in dryland areas allows abandoned and degraded lands to be cultivated. In West Africa, stone barriers built beside fields reduce runoff during the rainy season, improving soil moisture, replenishing water tables, and reducing soil erosion. The water retention capacity is multiplied five to ten-fold and biomass production 10 to 15 times. Livestock can feed on the grass that grows along the stone barriers after the rains. Integration of livestock into farming systems provides a protein source for the family and nutrients are returned to the soil by dairy cattle, pigs and poultry and by fish or shrimps raised in irrigated rice fields or ponds.

Agroecology helps increase incomes in rural areas by promoting on-farm fertility generation, which reduces farmers’ reliance on external inputs and state subsidies, making vulnerable smallholders less dependent on moneylenders. Livestock manure and growing green manures can supply nutrients to the soil and farmers can also establish a ‘fertilizer factory in the fields,’ planting trees that take nitrogen out of the air to ‘fix’ it in their leaves which later fertilise the soil.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agroecology helps increase incomes in rural areas by promoting on-farm fertility generation, which reduces farmers’ reliance on external inputs and state subsidies, making vulnerable smallholders less dependent on moneylenders. Livestock manure and growing green manures can supply nutrients to the soil and farmers can also establish a ‘fertilizer factory in the fields,’ planting trees that take nitrogen out of the air to ‘fix’ it in their leaves which later fertilise the soil.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Agroecology helps increase incomes in rural areas by promoting on-farm fertility generation, which reduces farmers’ reliance on external inputs and state subsidies, making vulnerable smallholders less dependent on moneylenders. Livestock manure and growing green manures can supply nutrients to the soil and farmers can also establish a ‘fertilizer factory in the fields,’ planting trees that take nitrogen out of the air to ‘fix’ it in their leaves which later fertilise the soil.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project is small in scale, but its smallness is intrinsic to its thinking and its emphasis on building from the bottom up. In essence, it involves transforming the agricultural prospects of small holdings in hard-to-farm regions one acre at a time. It also seeks to introduce a layered system of cash crops and intercropping to farming cultures that practice only monocropping and the cultivation of food staples such as rice and millets..........................

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project is small in scale, but its smallness is intrinsic to its thinking and its emphasis on building from the bottom up. In essence, it involves transforming the agricultural prospects of small holdings in hard-to-farm regions one acre at a time. It also seeks to introduce a layered system of cash crops and intercropping to farming cultures that practice only monocropping and the cultivation of food staples such as rice and millets.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The project is small in scale, but its smallness is intrinsic to its thinking and its emphasis on building from the bottom up. In essence, it involves transforming the agricultural prospects of small holdings in hard-to-farm regions one acre at a time. It also seeks to introduce a layered system of cash crops and intercropping to farming cultures that practice only monocropping and the cultivation of food staples such as rice and millets.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

that it’s one of the hardest challenges for a relatively new nation-state to integrate its indigenous populations—and India’s tribals number more than 80 million, most of them occupying a long, densely forested corridor running across the center of the country.
The project is small in scale, but its smallness is intrinsic to its thinking and its emphasis on building from the bottom up. In essence, it involves transforming the agricultural prospects of small holdings in hard-to-farm regions one acre at a time. It also seeks to introduce a layered system of cash crops and intercropping to farming cultures that practice only mono cropping and the cultivation of food staples such as rice and millets.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

that it’s one of the hardest challenges for a relatively new nation-state to integrate its indigenous populations—and India’s tribals number more than 80 million, most of them occupying a long, densely forested corridor running across the center of the country.
The project is small in scale, but its smallness is intrinsic to its thinking and its emphasis on building from the bottom up. In essence, it involves transforming the agricultural prospects of small holdings in hard-to-farm regions one acre at a time. It also seeks to introduce a layered system of cash crops and intercropping to farming cultures that practice only mono cropping and the cultivation of food staples such as rice and millets.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

that it’s one of the hardest challenges for a relatively new nation-state to integrate its indigenous populations—and India’s tribals number more than 80 million, most of them occupying a long, densely forested corridor running across the center of the country.
The project is small in scale, but its smallness is intrinsic to its thinking and its emphasis on building from the bottom up. In essence, it involves transforming the agricultural prospects of small holdings in hard-to-farm regions one acre at a time. It also seeks to introduce a layered system of cash crops and intercropping to farming cultures that practice only mono cropping and the cultivation of food staples such as rice and millets.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

that it’s one of the hardest challenges for a relatively new nation-state to integrate its indigenous populations—and India’s tribals number more than 80 million, most of them occupying a long, densely forested corridor running across the center of the country.
The project is small in scale, but its smallness is intrinsic to its thinking and its emphasis on building from the bottom up. In essence, it involves transforming the agricultural prospects of small holdings in hard-to-farm regions one acre at a time. It also seeks to introduce a layered system of cash crops and intercropping to farming cultures that practice only mono cropping and the cultivation of food staples such as rice and millets.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

that it’s one of the hardest challenges for a relatively new nation-state to integrate its indigenous populations—and India’s tribals number more than 80 million, most of them occupying a long, densely forested corridor running across the center of the country.
The project is small in scale, but its smallness is intrinsic to its thinking and its emphasis on building from the bottom up. In essence, it involves transforming the agricultural prospects of small holdings in hard-to-farm regions one acre at a time. It also seeks to introduce a layered system of cash crops and intercropping to farming cultures that practice only mono cropping and the cultivation of food staples such as rice and millets.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

that it’s one of the hardest challenges for a relatively new nation-state to integrate its indigenous populations—and India’s tribals number more than 80 million, most of them occupying a long, densely forested corridor running across the center of the country.
The project is small in scale, but its smallness is intrinsic to its thinking and its emphasis on building from the bottom up. In essence, it involves transforming the agricultural prospects of small holdings in hard-to-farm regions one acre at a time. It also seeks to introduce a layered system of cash crops and intercropping to farming cultures that practice only mono cropping and the cultivation of food staples such as rice and millets.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

that it’s one of the hardest challenges for a relatively new nation-state to integrate its indigenous populations—and India’s tribals number more than 80 million, most of them occupying a long, densely forested corridor running across the center of the country.
The project is small in scale, but its smallness is intrinsic to its thinking and its emphasis on building from the bottom up. In essence, it involves transforming the agricultural prospects of small holdings in hard-to-farm regions one acre at a time. It also seeks to introduce a layered system of cash crops and intercropping to farming cultures that practice only mono cropping and the cultivation of food staples such as rice and millets.

Spam
Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

that it’s one of the hardest challenges for a relatively new nation-state to integrate its indigenous populations—and India’s tribals number more than 80 million, most of them occupying a long, densely forested corridor running across the center of the country.
The project is small in scale, but its smallness is intrinsic to its thinking and its emphasis on building from the bottom up. In essence, it involves transforming the agricultural prospects of small holdings in hard-to-farm regions one acre at a time. It also seeks to introduce a layered system of cash crops and intercropping to farming cultures that practice only mono cropping and the cultivation of food staples such as rice and millets.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

As “marginal farmers,” who produce little or no surplus for sale in the market and who often go hungry, live in a  with no access to capital, no buffer of savings and frequent indebtedness.
It’s hard to see a way to break this vicious cycle of poverty and debilitation. Realists would say, with some truth, that it’s one of the hardest challenges for a relatively new nation-state to integrate its indigenous populations—and India’s tribals number more than 80 million, most of them occupying a long, densely forested corridor running across the center of the country.
The project is small in scale, but its smallness is intrinsic to its thinking and its emphasis on building from the bottom up. In essence, it involves transforming the agricultural prospects of small holdings in hard-to-farm regions one acre at a time. It also seeks to introduce a layered system of cash crops and intercropping to farming cultures that practice only mono cropping and the cultivation of food staples such as rice and millets.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Our Global Environment Research Foundation team works together with rural communities to create sustainable program of increasing agriculture productivity and strengthening rural governance .
Our team emphasis on gender equality and women's empowerment .
In this case Social Media could be our megaphone that connects you to the world while starting , building and scaling our project .

a) The Success pill called sustainability 
b) Potential , plan and passion 

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Our Global Environment Research Foundation team works together with rural communities to create sustainable program of increasing agriculture productivity and strengthening rural governance .
Our team emphasis on gender equality and women's empowerment .
In this case Social Media could be our megaphone that connects you to the world while starting , building and scaling our project .
a) The Success pill called sustainability.
Bring together................................................................................

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Under the main objectives of this experiment, the following action oriented
objectives are being pursued:
(i) To organize educational and empowerment programmes for girls and women
(ii) To train resource persons, animators and trainers for implementing activities
visualized in the objectives.
(iii) To conduct and promote experimentation, innovations and research in the problems
and programmes of empowerment of rural women.
(iv) To integrate socio-economic activities with concern for health and environment
protection, in the light of the rural women’s cultural contexts.
(v) To invest science and technology in women’s education and empowerment
programmes to enable them to acquire scientific temper and to enable their family
and community to engage in the process of sustainable development through the
‘reflection-action’ process.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Strengths and weaknesses
6.01 Strengths
(i) The philosophical foundation of the project
The main source of strength for this project is the philosophical stand of the Indian
Institute of Education that (a) all human beings are equally important, (b) given the
opportunity, they can make positive contribution to the betterment of their own lives and
those of others in society, (c) an educational process which stimulates gathering and creating
knowledge about man and nature, leads to prevention of conflict not only between man and
man but also between man and nature, and (d) it is not individual acquisition of goods but the
process of sharing and co-operation that would bring about sustainable development.
This philosophical view leads to participatory approaches for fashioning education as
a process of individual empowerment and social transformation in an integrated fashion.
This view naturally endorses the principle of equity and, stimulates the disadvantaged to
overcome their disabilities by understanding them as problems to be solved constructively.
This process can be construed as individual and social ‘action-research’ in the interest of
personal and social transformation for sustainable development of man and his environment..............................................

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Understanding that water affects every aspect of village life and is essential for health , education , and farming , the foundation team works with communities to secure adequate local water supplies , improve sanitation, nd manage wastewater in schools , homes , and throughout the community.

The availability and quality water are being improved...................................................................
Rooftop rainwater harvesting systems , storage tanks , bio-sand filters , and stand posts with water taps in schools and homes provider water for drinking and sanitation -allowing children to stay in school , especially girls who, without water at home , spend their days fetching water .

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The impact pathway to reach the Success
1. Implement the logical and integrated land management to regenerate degraded lands.

2. Improve the initiative  RAINWATER CONSERVATION ALONG WITH INNOVATIVE REHABILITATION Practices to increase productivity , profitability and conserve natural resources .

3. IMPROVE GRAZING PRACTICES .

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Sustainable use of Natural Resources...........................................................................................................

a. Resources managed for use.
b. Resources available for communities.
c. Adapted to climate change.
d. Be water neutral - energy neutral - carbon neutral.

Finite and Depleting Resources.......................................................................

1. Economic growth , globalization and changing food habits are increasing pressure on already scare land and water resources.
2.Changing land use and over exploitation of groundwater resources have reduced surface and groundwater availability and resulted in intrusion of seawater , increasing salinity and depleting wetlands .
3. Urgent need to develop , demonstrate and scale up sustainable natural resource management options to achieve food and nutritional security for growing population . 

70% of the water resources are uses Agriculture..........................................................................
Cross cutting activities.............
a. Monitoring , evaluation and refinement of interventions .
b. Targeted activities for women and youth .
c. Capacity building as needed .

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Why is land rejuvenation important ................................................................................................

1. Globally , 2 billion of land degraded annually and as a result 6 million areas goes out of cultivation each year .
2. Enable policies and institutions to promote modernization of agriculture and mechanization .

How it can be implemented ?
a. Build public private partnership to promote mechanization of small farms.
b. Incentivize small farm holders to adopt mechanization .
c. Establish custom hiring centers to enables small farm holders to adopt for increasing agricultural productivity .

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

How to improve our Agricultural.....................................................................................................
To improve the present status of women in Agriculture, and to enhance the opportunities for her empowerment,Following are the Remedial Prescription :
To enhance the productive participation of women in agriculture.
To create sustainable agriculture livelihood opportunities for women in agriculture.
To improve the skills and capabilities of women in agriculture to support farm and non-farm-based activities.
To ensure food and nutrition security at the household and the community level.
To enhance the managerial capacities of women in agriculture for better management of bio-diversity and better access to input and serious of Govt/Agencies.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The availability and quality water are being improved and the sanitation program will be started
Rooftop rainwater harvesting systems , storage tanks , bio-sand filters , and stand posts with water taps in schools and homes provider water for drinking and sanitation -allowing children to stay in school , especially girls who, without water at home , spend their days fetching water . ...............................................

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The impact pathway to reach the Success
.........................................................................................

1. Implement the logical and integrated land management to regenerate degraded lands.

2. Improve the initiative RAINWATER CONSERVATION ALONG WITH INNOVATIVE REHABILITATION Practices to increase productivity , profitability and conserve natural resources .
The availability and quality water are being improved and the sanitation program will be started
Rooftop rainwater harvesting systems , storage tanks , bio-sand filters , and stand posts with water taps in  the agricultural field .

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Rural women still remain a disadvantaged segment of Indian society. Statistics show that whereas 86.1 per cent females are engaged in agriculture, the figure of males is 74 per cent. But there are hardly any special programmes for enhancing women’s agricultural skills. While 7.1 per cent rural females are engaged in manufacturing, the percentage for rural males is 7 i.e. less than that of females. But most of the training programmes have hardly any female participation. While rural males have opportunities in construction, trade, transport, storage, and services, these are mostly denied to rural females. Obviously, opportunities must be created to enable them to acquire the skills necessary for entering these newly emerging occupations...................................................

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

In the field of primary education, the system calls for much overhaul since
centralized curricula, heavy text-books, centralized teacher-recruitment, orthodox pedagogy,
unsuitable school-timings and vacations, rigid and distrustful supervision and administration,
have been the main hurdles in its reaching the rural masses. Besides, the primary system is
traditionally connected with secondary general education. Productive skills and the cultural
contexts of education are ignored. The solution now perceived by India’s educational
thinkers and planners is liberation of the education system through a movement for adult
literacy and non-formal alternatives for meeting the urgent as well as long-term needs of the
rural and tribal people, especially women. Science and technology components are visualized
as essential educational elements for future-oriented education. Life-long learning through
alternatives in education, especially continuing education for diverse needs and groups, is,
therefore, the main concern of Indian reformers. The Institute’s project on empowerment of
rural women through innovative strategies for life-long learning is in response to this concern,
which it fully shares . .....................................................................

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The Institute emphasizes that rural women’s mindset of ‘dependency’ must be
changed so that they become conscious of their abilities to change themselves, their families,
and their community. Their empowerment would lie in becoming creative, self-dependent,
individuals. Some of the action-research projects of the Institute have provided insights into
the methodology of enabling the oppressed to reflect upon their predicaments so as to find
ways of learning new skills and approaches to become effective partners in development, to
become '‘subjects'’ of transformation through arousal of self-esteem. The Institute’s projects,
which witnessed such change, are :
(a) Non-formal primary education for rural girls.
(b) Science and technology for rural women.
(c) Promoting health, family welfare, and community development with focus
on women and girls.
(d) Training of rural women as Animators for women’s empowerment and community
development.

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Photo of Zachary Cohen

In addition to the natural resources, farming techniques and farming implements, a large part of the problem of food waste is the supply chain and the interaction of various actors in the supply chain. From farmer to consumer there could be anywhere from 5 actors to 30 or more depending on government agencies, crossing borders, brokers, etc. Streamlining the supply chain is one of the first things to analyze, and develop a set of key performance indicators that you can track from foodstuff to foodstuff and country to country. Things like time to market, number of hand-offs, number of actors, time spent in storage, number of documents needs to be filed, etc. are all good metrics to use when looking at this problem. A second problem is how foodstuffs are stored and handled on their way from farmer to market. It maybe important to develop better transportation and storage methods in the short run, and in the long-run approach other solutions that address the entire supply chain. One method could be to create regional based storage facilities where foodstuffs can be stored temporarily while they wait for transportation to market. During this waypoint, foodstuffs can be inspected for damanged or spoilage, and any items that are found to be damaged or spoiled can be gotten rid of early on saving the rest of the items. Finally, streamlining health inspections and documentation is important so that these procedures do not create impediments to food reaching markets. T

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Rural women from the most productive work force in the economy of majority of the developing nations including India. Agriculture the single large production endeavor in India, contributing to 16% of the GDP is increasingly becoming a female activity.
women in Agriculture are generally not able to access extension services and production assets like seed, water, credit, subsidy etc. As most of them are not recognizes as farmers for want of ownership of land, they are not considered as beneficiaries of various government programmes/services. the wage differentials between men and women being adverse to them, the situation is further aggravated.
further, due to multiple roles that a women has to perform within the family and the farm, her access to knowledge and information, is constrained and therefore her opportunities get limited.
To improve the present status of women in Agriculture, and to enhance the opportunities for her empowerment,Following are the Remedial Prescription :
To enhance the productive participation of women in agriculture.
To create sustainable agriculture livelihood opportunities for women in agriculture.
To improve the skills and capabilities of women in agriculture to support farm and non-farm-based activities.
To ensure food and nutrition security at the household and the community level.
To enhance the managerial capacities of women in agriculture for better management of bio-diversity and better access to input and serious of Govt/Agencies.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

With guidance and technical support from Global Environment Research Foundation (GERF )we created a product which we tested in nearer schools , exhibitions and carnivals .
It took couple of month to workout the nutritious product . The main raw materials of that product is food grains , which we collected from the farmers directly . For this it is low cost than market value  and reduction of transportation cost as well as wastage during the phase of demand and supply.
My group members and I are homemakers and with the pathfinder help of GERF.
After managing our homes for years we felt we could manage anything and we did it with GERF  support .
To formalization of the development process we are trying to make a short documentary film for motivational programme .
It will propagate our idea among the women farmers that the low cost intrigation but high revenue generation for their family as well as the rural society .
Special Check Point of our Project.........
1. Identification of wastes : The existing leakages in the field of agricultural needs to be quickly identified by' why why analysis ' ; in other words , we need to very clearly ask the most pertinent question to our self to check whether there is  any wastage's in the sphere of transport , movement ,inventory , waiting , over-processing , over production .

2. Training and Development : Farmers do not have adequate knowledge of better methods of production nor do they have an efficient agricultural organization resulting low productivity - low income per head- a mere subsistence level of income and living.

3. Infrastructure Development :this is the most crucial element as the remedial prescription . Capital equipment used to produce publicly available services including transport services , telecommunications , power and electricity  etc. undoubtedly .
The larger the infrastructure in an economy , the bigger the opportunities available for the economy to grow at a solid and sustainable steps .
Transport shortage restricts movement of raw materials etc to markets in one side and the sold agricultural products on the other . This again restricts the growth and development of agricultural prosperity in the region . Cost of haulage per ton per mile declines sharply with increase in capacity of vehicles vis-a-vis road conditions which also deserves equal attention .
 

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

In India women need for iron. 52 % of women , 80% of pregnant women and 74% of children under the age of 3 are anemic.If we want a strong healthy workforce in India, we must introduced cheapest nutritious food and the good habit of sanitation , hygiene.
Another is deficiency of calcium contribute osteoporosis , bone diseases and the under development of the    fetus and young child .
In our group made food has very high level of iron that can meet the daily allowances of the average person and 2 times higher in folic acid than rice .
Our team member introduced  chain marketing for the product to out reach.

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Strengthening Village Level Institution is active in vilages. In addition to organizing gram sabhas , preparing village plans and leveraging funds from various departments , members have implemented community improvement projects such as constructing household toilets , building village roads promoting cleanliness with soakpits soak wells , solving local problems like model villages based on community priorities . Newly empowers members inspire  other members to carry out official roles and responsibilities more effectively .

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

Why is Land rejuvenation important ?

1. Globally , 2 billion ha of land are degraded  annually and as a result 6 million ha area goes out of cultivation each year .
2. In India 69% of the total land area is degraded.
3. Increased frequency of high-intensity rains , extended dry spells and lack of green cover will cause more land degradation .

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The impact pathway-How it can be implemented extensively ......................................................
1. Implement holistic and integrated land management to regenerate degraded lands.
2. INITIATE RAINWATER CONSERVATION ALONG WITH INNOVATIVE REHABILITATION Practices to  increase productivity , profitability and conserve natural resources .
3. IMPROVE GRAZING PRACTICES .

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

The listening phase is omnipresent throughout the lifespan of social engagement as you have listen closely to all .
Social media could be your megaphone that connects you to the world while starting , building and scaling you . One can influence potential work on plan .
State holders reveal that a major factor inhibiting promoters from taking advantage is their inability to raise adequate owners .

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Photo of Simone Alexander

I would be interested to make a further contribution under this challenge. Is it possible to submit another idea even though the deadline has passed? Thanks 

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Photo of Dr. Sukumar Kar

India has massive unemployment and underemployment . More are seeking fresh employment each year, consumption levels are low and there are many poor people. Yet , growth in production of physical goods from agriculture and industry has , in five years since 2011, been modest. At constant price , agriculture grew annually from 2011 in percent at 1.5 , 4.2 ,-9.2 and 1.1 . Over these years , industry grew in per cent at 3.6, 5.0 ,5.9 and 7.3 manufacturing at 6.0, 5.6,5.5 and 9.5 .
There is heavy pressure of population on land . The average size of land holding was 1.41 hectares in 1995-96 and 1.15 in 2010-11.
Consumption habits are changing at all levels . Rice consumption per person per month in rural India was estimated at 5.98 kilograms. The fall in rice consumption of rice mainly for rapid adaptation of urban culture in rural India .
We need better agricultural practices and scientific developments that benefits farmers . Agricultural productivity can be increased even on small holdings , but there is little attempt , except by non-governmental organizations , to disseminate these practices .Ground water use is not metered in India as it should be.
Agricultural policies have developed into a messy package . They need a through overhaul .
In this juncture our organization Global Environment Research Foundation assist poorest farmers specially women a 360 degree unique service .

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Photo of vivian

This will seriously boost farming in this country,

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Photo of Vegetable Resource Centre

Thank you Vivian for your feedback

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Photo of Joseph Gongwai Lapswang

Farmers just need little help and encouragement throughout available of fertilizer to their disposal

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Photo of kimeu sharon

Its a good initiative,good idea which would also help solve the issue of food insecurity within our country

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Photo of Shaifuz Zaman

There is one thing I believe that whatever fund we have provide it will not work until and we never make people educated in root level.lots of organization working but still there is problem cause most of rural areas people don't that there is organization who can help and also they don't have ideas what is the problem arise.

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Photo of Abdul Rahim Khan

Don't fight with nature. Nature is your most sincere friend just need to understand. When we disturb the quality of nature then we get hurt. Food is a general concept, to fill the stomach and get energy for activities of life. People from different regions of the World like food with different attributes, some like to fish & rice and some only rice dishes may be spicy or sweet. There is need to identify the eating habits of people from various regions and make appropriate system for them with the introduction of new food dishes for them. In this way the surplus of food can be distributed among those people who are deficient in food.
Land holding is in decreasing and there is need to positive approach of cooperative farming among the third world poor countries.And it needs comprehensive and extensive training programs for small farmers to bring them under one umbrella. Small farmers is the key who can fulfill the World requirement of food. They use their all effort to get more and more yield when they have got then become relax and postharvest losses is started.  
In Africa it seems that food is always short for the population and when we look to some countries of Asia and America they are always abundant in food. This situation means human have lack of management skill and more interested in financial benefits.
Land is coming short for crop production while we need more & more food for growing population. In Asian countries like India and Pakistan, fertile land is being converted to industrial zones and urbanization for new residential areas. This situation is another threat in food scarcity along with huge postharvest losses. It is alarming situation for developing countries.   
Support to small farmers is only way to save the World from malnutrition. This help should be in term of their skill development, mechanization small instrument/equipment, packhouse/storage house close their farms, first stage of product processing etc

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Photo of mitch Lee

Hi icon on the left and icon on the right, 
If you have a suggestion for a participant in this (particular) competition, are they allowed to amend their idea with that suggestion? 

Thanks,
Mitch