Name of the Project -Renewable energy-solar and biomass to save the people and the planet. Organisation name: Rural Women and Youth Coordination-RWYC Executive Summary: Project location-RWYC is located in Lira, Northern Uganda. Problem to solve: A project to electrify the villages using solar energy, to save over 500 tones of Co2 by no longer burning wood and fossil fuel- diesel and paraffin and without this project the community would not have access to energy or electrified their villages. The need for renewable energy is imperative as the growing scarcity of fire wood is already causing clashes between refugees and host communities. Wood-based energy- causes deforestation, land degradation like soil erosion, landslides. Other effects are climate change, erratic rain, floods and prolonged droughts that also lead to deaths of animals as habitat and human beings due to effects of smoke, etc. including risks by women and girls who travel long distances in search of firewood, face risks of being raped or other abuse. Fossil fuels- diesel and kerosene- cause air pollution, cardiovascular diseases. Project approach to solving the problem: Solar fields help the long-term sustainability of the villages, and are good for the environment, and generate local employment, good health, social economic growth and education. In addition, solar powered pumps would help irrigation to boost food production and reduce food insecurity and related sicknesses, like malnutrition, underweight in children, etc. Construction of bio gas digesters which use animal waste to produce composts and liquid fertilizers from animal waste, which would then be incorporated into the farms operations. • Number of targeted beneficiaries: 100,000-2 million • Name of applying NGO(s) Rural Women and Youth Coordination • Contact information P.O.B. 102 Lira Uganda, Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org. Impact- Renewable energy would increase access to energy and also help to reduce the current clashes between refuges and host communities and reduce the risks associated with searching for firewood in the far distances by women, girls and children, who also expose them to sexual abuses and more, as well as enable in return refugees would continue to enjoy the hospitality of host community. Above all, both refugees and host communities would have enough time to take part in enterprise development and other training being provided by various organizations towards improving their well being and transforming their lives as well as enable them provide for their families. Attenuating or mitigating global GHG emissions by cutting down use of wood-based energy and fossil fuel using alternative energy sources- solar energy and waste treatment-biomass is the first option in the battle to reduce not only human-induced emissions at source, but also help to increase access to clean energy, improve community health and reduce clashes between refugees and host communities due to growing scarcity of fire wood or disappearing forest and vegetation. Organizational Background Organization name Rural Women and Youth Coordination Registration status, No: LDLG/2016/091 Organization type: NGO/CBO, Specialty area- Health, Education, Early childhood development, Water and Sanitation, Agribusiness, Environment and social enterprises 3. Problem Statement The problem statement, also called the ‘project justification,’ ‘project rationale,’ or ‘project background’ is an argument in favor of implementing the proposed project. It gives a detailed explanation of why you want to implement this specific project in this specific location in this specific manner. State of the problem. Massive deforestation by refugees in Uganda sparks clashes with local people Communities clash over natural resources as arrivals from South Sudan and DRC plunder environment for fuel and construction One example, South Sudanese refugees at Bidi Bidi settlement centre in North Uganda. Besides, the region is still recovering from Internally Displacement, both of these resulting into the cutting down of millions of trees that has now sparked angry clashes in parts of Uganda between local people and refugees who have been fleeing conflict in neighbouring South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The timber is being used for house construction, fuel and to make charcoal. In the north and west of the country, where an estimated 1.1 million refugees are living, massive deforestation is drawing protests by local communities, as they see their own environment being depleted increasingly. Meanwhile, climate change has had an impact in northern region for several years. Although in many cases the communities affected are only aware of climate change because of media coverage. Over the last five years, the rains did not start when expected. We would get heavy rain for a week and then not a drop for the next 3 or 5 weeks. Traditional crops like beans, maize, groundnuts, sesame, Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes and more have been feeling the strain they are very susceptible to excessive rain and sunshine. Thus, the reason we have included solar powered drip irrigation I our rural electrification project. • Summary relevant background information about the region, community and resources available. Due to the fact that the settling of refugees is causing widespread environmental damage, we want to be able to decrease the tensions. We really need to roll that back and the sooner the better, with alternative energy sources-renewable energy. In addition, the average daily consumption of firewood by refugees in northern Uganda is 1.6 kg per person and among host communities, 2.1 kg. Competition for available resources could become a source of tension between the refugees and host communities. This Initiative is to reduce the conflict between the communities, as deforestation is affecting both the environment and the co-existence of the two communities, often violently. This organisation has documented a number of clashes. Refugees have complained that they have suffered abuses at the hands of Ugandans who oppose the sharing of these resources. Sharing of natural resources is often one of the main concerns raised by both refugees and Ugandans living close to the refugee settlements. This is the case for firewood, as well as for grass [used for thatched roofs], and to a more limited extent, land and water ponds. We welcomed the news that trees would be planted, but in addition, Our concern is – can these seedlings be raised in time for the long rains which are almost upon us? And what species will be promoted? • Specific information regarding the focus area and beneficiaries, including input from the community. Estimates show that there are about eight million households in Uganda consisting of 11 million people (75%) who do not have access to energy. Nevertheless, the government in this 10-years Rural Electrification Strategy set a target to increase access to electricity in rural areas to just 26% by 2022, that means a bigger population will still have to wait for yet more years to come for them to access power for their usage. In contrast, the use of energy sources such as fossil fuels, kerosene and green energy, charcoal, fire woods and more, which are widely used in Uganda for homes and businesses, have adverse effects on both the health of consumers and environment. The solar energy serves as the best option for rural areas as expansion of the grid infrastructure cannot ensure access to most rural homestead, since they are scattered. So the mini grids solar power alternative can provide electricity in quantities similar to the main grid, thus can effectively serve isolated yet clustered populations. This is important, especially with the reduction in the cost of renewable energy technologies of which solar is a part. So far the distributions of solar kits in some rural areas have improved academic performances as well as boosted productivity and development. • Explain the organizational strength and capacity in addressing this problem and achieving long-term impact. In 2008, one project identified tree planting/restoration of degraded lands after the 20 year war which was disrupted by prolonged drought. Second from 2016 is experimenting agroforestry still suffering from the same challenge, while the 3rd is now helping farmers to boost production by climate smart agriculture ,to be supported by Solar power, that would sustainably increase productivity, resilience(adaptation), reduces/removes GHGs, (mitigation) and enhances achievement of national food security and development goals-represents a significant approach to achieving short-and-long-term agricultural development priorities in the face of climate change and serves as a bridge to meeting other development priorities. 4. Goals & Objectives Objectives: i) To protect the environment access to energy that replaces wood-based and fossil fuels and support economic empowerment and development of the local people. ii) To offer access to renewable energy services and or affordable energy for local businesses and home usages iii) To contribute to development through access to renewable energy for the benefits of the poor communities in rural areas. iv) To encourage projects that aim at reducing environmental degradation, poverty, marginalisation and idleness among youth, women and the community as a whole. To contribute to development through access to renewable energy that support enterprise development for the benefits of the poor communities, especially the women and youth 5. Scope of Work Renewable – Biogas and solar energy- field to help the long term sustainability of the rural community, as well as good for the environment and generates local employment, education, increased access to energy and more. This is an existing still project, operating at small-ready to scale-up, which increases access to energy for remote communities through renewable energy. RWYC aims to boost the access to energy in rural areas by 30% by 2021 and 40% by 2030. These objectives would lead to 2.3 GW by 2021 and 7.6 GW by 2030. 6. Beneficiaries Problems: Over 90% of households consume wood-based-fire wood, charcoal, green waste and fossil fuels-diesel, and kerosene for domestic energy. More than 600,000 women die every year in Africa due to pollution associated with the burning of fuel wood to cook food, not to mention the carbon footprint of such practices. The energy issue is therefore multifaceted, including economic, environmental, gender and public health concerns. Efficient tailored energy policies are essential for all of these reasons. Biomass is a major niche opportunity, in terms of biogas production from fermented waste which would be a source of energy and organic fertilizer, while making effective use of farm waste. RWYC’s plan for an emerging community– does not consider energy as a separate sector but rather as an input. This highlights a collective awareness regarding the need to adopt a multisector approach to energy planning, but it remains to be seen how this will be translated into action. Universal access to energy services in Africa ultimately requires subsidies targeted towards renewable energy and energy efficiency. To this end, the long term plan for energy access would include promoting jatropha production-agro fuel to contribute to small-scale rural electrification, jatropha seeds would be processed into pure jatropha oil to be used as biofuel in place of diesel which charge the atmosphere with fumes. Jatropha is a perennial plant that grows in all types of soil in the tropics. Jatropha can be beneficially grown in association with food crops such as maize, groundnut, cowpea, and more.