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Future village - Creating a future for Individual Displaced Households in Garowe, Somalia.

Establishing a social rental housing foundation along with job creation and managed by its inhabitants.

Photo of John Limmen
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What problem does the idea help to solve and how does your solution work? (2,000 characters maximum)

Somalia hosts more than 2,6 individual displace persons (IDP's) of which 40.000 lives in two camps around Garowe. The local government wants to tackle this problem as it creates tension with its residents and put much pressure on local resources. The inhabitants in the camps have almost no perspective for the future nor they can return back. Moreover they are prone for attacks from outside, especially the women, but also the male children as they are easy to manipulate by armed groups to join them.

Geography of focus (500 characters)

The local government of Garowe has asked Kaalo Foundation to come up with a solution for this problem. They are willing to donate land, but want a long lasting solution. Garowe is the capital of Puntland and home for the provincial government as well. As the two parties have shown in the past that they are capable to set up projects for the youth and women, John Limmen of Rainbow Agro, the Netherlands will assist in achieving their goals.

Building Bridges: What bridge does your idea build between people on the move and neighbors towards a shared future of stability and promise? (500 characters)

Kaalo Foundation will offer houses with an affordable monthly rent of maximum US$ 50 for a two story house with a surface of 30 m². This includes the (limited) supply of power, water and sanitation, but also a small health clinic, schools and community center. Inhabitants do not have to collect firewood, water and other necessities. In addition many jobs will be created as the construction of the houses will partly be done by the inhabitants. But also through micro-credits to shopkeepers a.s.o.

What human need is your idea solving for? (1,000 characters)

In the camps the inhabitants are struggling to stay alive. Everyday it is surviving. In the village however they have not to worry about collecting firewood, water and food. At least one in the family will have a job enough to pay the rent and other costs of living. Some are doing community services, while others have jobs as carpenter, painter, bricklayer and other house construction jobs. The first batch of tenants will be selected on their ability of earning a living to increase the success of this first project. Later on other less fortunate people will be included. Once the village is up and running, another 100 houses will be added. But also job creating projects especially geared to the target group will be set up. As water is a high priced commodity, the project will include a desalination unit producing 140 m³ per day which will be sold partly to people outside the village by female vendors. It can also be used to feed cattle and to water fruit trees, another income activity

What will be different within the community of focus as a result of implementing your idea? (1,000 characters)

The parents do not have to worry about how to survive. They can focus on income generating activities. Kaalo Foundation will hold workshops in the community center each week and helps people with good ideas with micro credits. Due to several measurements to increase the security in the village, women will feel very safe when going to bathrooms and toilets even at night. The community sense will be increased due to the weekly meetings with representatives of the tenants ad Kaalo. Children can go to school, while for health issues a nurse will have frequent sessions in the health center. Part of the rent can be offset to the amounts, the IDP's have to pay to landowners, for firewood, water and food. Some tenants will find jobs within the community as cleaners of the bathrooms and toilets or as guards or as waste collectors. Each house will have four fruit trees for which they are held responsible. Outside the village a fenced piece of land will keep the goats outside the village.

What is the inspiration behind your idea? (1,000 characters)

Our experience is that once there is a good level of organization many things can be accomplished. In the camps the level is very low due to the day-to-day survival. Once in the village the inhabitants will be trained in how to work together. Especially in the beginning. This is why we want to select the first families on their ability to cooperate with others besides other skills like setting up small businesses. This first village have to serve as an example for others. The social rental housing project takes away the sorrow of maintaining the house and enhances the community sense. For the local government it means less head aches as the community is managing itself. When all the houses are rented out, Kaalo Foundation can immediately start with the construction of additional houses with those people who learned the job during the construction of the first 100 houses. This can lead to

Describe the dynamics of the community in which the idea is to be implemented. (1,000 characters)

In 2014 there were over 1,1 million IDP’s. The situation worsened by the 2017 drought which forced thousands of Somali families to urban centers. IDPs feel they live in a protracted situation whereby IDPs in Garowe, Puntland are “warehoused‘ in camp settlements for years without opportunities for self-reliance. In camp situations IDP’s are often susceptible to disease, poor nutrition status, mental health problems, and sexual and gender based violence. Due to recurrent drought, and irregular clan conflicts, coupled by an offensive fighting between AMISOM versus Al-Shabab in South Somalia, some areas in Puntland are experiencing an increment of population. In Puntland, Housing, land and property (HLP) challenges are particularly worsened by lack of land law. Illegal land expropriations are widespread in the key and most populated towns like Garowe, Galkayo and Bosaso. Land grabbers exist, who present themselves as legitimate landowners and use coercive force for IDPs to pay rental.

How does your idea leverage and empower community strengths and assets to help create an environment for success? (1,000 characters)

First of all the local and central government want a permanent solution. If this social rental housing project is a success it will be copied everywhere where there are camps for IDP's. That includes almost every major city in Somalia. We feel that by creating a strong community sense and organization within these new villages, the inhabitants will reintegrate very fast. It will also facilitate new activities set up by NGO's and government to help them to increase their standards of living. Instead of trying to survive another day, IDP's now have time and energy to spend to new income generating activities, not restricted by fear due to lack of security. Kaalo Foundation has much experience with the training of youth and women and will held workshops, organize training to combat illiteracy, learn them how to use computers and assist them with setting up businesses like shops. The inhabitants must get the feeling that they have moved from hell to paradise.

What other partners or stakeholders will work alongside you in implementing the idea, if any? (1,000 characters)

First of all the municipality of Garowe. This solution can bring down the tensions and problems they have to deal with substantially. Therefor they will make available large pieces of land for the housing project. In addition parties from the Netherlands, like Sap Metaal which will supply the iron frames at costs, Rainbow Agro as orchestrator, Susteq for the supply of water kiosks, Elemental Watermakers for the desalination unit and Baanderij for arranging transport of the goods to Bosaso. Last but not least NPSP which will take care of the models to produce the dome-shaped roofs of the houses from natural fibers and polyester. As sisal is locally available this may lead to a new industry. The initiative came from Somalian NGO Kaalo Netherlands, which is the reason for so many Dutch companies. They also have an office in Garowe besides a large training center. Kaalo is also involved in fishery projects in Eyl, which created many jobs especially in fish processing.

What part of the displacement journey is your solution addressing

  • Arriving and settling at a destination community

Tell us how you'd describe the type of innovation you are proposing

  • Systems design: Solutions that target changing larger system

Idea Proposal Stage

  • Pilot: We have started to implement the idea as a whole with a first set of real users. The feasibility of an innovation is tested in a small-scale and real world application (i.e. 3-15% of the target population)

Group or Organization Name

Kaalo Foundation has set up 24 houses in Budunbuto charging a rent of not more than € 12 per month in 2012. However this is without electricity, water and other services.

Tell us more about your group or organization [or lived experience as a displaced person?] (1000 characters)

Kaalo Foundation mission is to offer a future to the youth of Somalia, which is clearly shown by the number of projects carried out already in Somalia. Our team realizes that only when the situation at home is stable, the effects of training and education are durable. That is why we want to offer the IDP's an affordable house situation which provides a strong bases to raise children and to prepare them for a sustainable future. In our youth training center we learn young females how to set up a business, how to work with sowing machines, comuter skills. The young males also however more geared to construction and welding i.s.o sowing. In Eyl we have trained the women how to process fish and to mend fish nets.

Website URL:

Kaalo Foundation Nederland - www.kaalonederland.org John Limmen - www.pum.nl Sap Metaal - www.sapmetaal.nl NPSP - www.npsp.nl De Baanderij - www.baanderij.nl

Type of submitter

  • We are a registered Non-Profit Organization

Organization Headquarters: Country

In the Netherlands our headquarter is located in Amsterdam with an office in Garowe, Puntland, Somalia.

Organization Headquarters: City / State

Amsterdam, Netherlands
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Attachments (2)

SKN PROFILE 2018.pdf

Profile of Stichting (Foundation) Kaalo Netherlands as of 2018.

Design African iglo.pdf

This design concerns the iron frame, the bases of the house with two stories. Total ± 30 m² living space. They can easily be connected to each other. In total 4 houses can be connected. One in the middle and the other 3 around it. This increase the living space to over 100 m². The dome-shapes roofs and ceilings will be made from local available natural fiber, like hennep, coconut or sisal with polyester. Walls, doors and windows also from local materials.

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Photo of Marie-Noëlle. RUBANGIZA
Team

Bonjour, nous vous souhaitons pleins succès pour ce que vous faites.

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