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Preventing trafficking of migrant communities & IDPs using technology & facilitate livelihood enhancement through interventions

We reduce human trafficking of migrants and IDPs by empowering, engaging and expanding our network using the 6Ps & 6Rs of the Impulse Model.

Photo of Sai Kishore Nellore

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What problem does the idea help to solve and how does your solution work? (2,000 characters maximum)

The problem lies with serious coordination & collaboration gaps between & within the different institutions in the state level, and the situation of lack of coordination only gets more adverse at the interstate level. The problem is not only within the government institutions – it is also related to the growing numbers, diversity and sophistication of Civil Society Organizations which creates a problem of overlapping/duplication of work, time and resources. This results in poor protection of victims of human trafficking who come from migrant communities and IDPs. We further support their livelihoods through facilitation in bee keeping, artisan works, etc., The “Impulse Model” is an internationally acknowledged, holistic method which addresses the problem of human trafficking of migrant communities and IDPs by engaging the necessary public and private sector stakeholders to work in collaboration to strengthen each others’ work. Each of the stakeholders (including government departments & law enforcement agencies, civil society organizations and media) has their own mandate under the Impulse Model and is connected to each other through Impulse Case Info Centre. The stakeholders working in close coordination with each other ensures that there will not be overlapping of efforts & resources, making the stakeholders’ work become more effective. The Impulse Model’s case management system follows the following elements, called the 6 R’s: Report, Rescue, Rehabilitation, Repatriation, Re-integration and Re-compensation. Each of these elements in case management is crucial and must be conducted with efficient, victim-friendly procedures, engaging the necessary stakeholders in the process. Therefore, to provide holistic anti-human trafficking response and effective case management, the tools of 6 P’s are necessary: Partnership, Prevention, Protection, Policing, Press and Prosecution

Geography of focus (500 characters)

The Impulse NGO Network is addressing the human trafficking of migrants and IDPs across the eight states of Northeast India and Myanmar, where the internationally recognized Impulse Model (formerly known as the Meghalaya Model) has been replicated. Moreover, the organisation has several networking partners around the globe, especially in the South and South East Asia. We want to scale the Model globally with other partners in Africa and Latin America to stop trafficking of migrants & IDPs.

Building Bridges: What bridge does your idea build between people on the move and neighbors towards a shared future of stability and promise? (500 characters)

Impulse NGO Network has recently developed a comprehensive software in close partnership with a IIT Guwahati Incubation Centre DF Infoanalaytic, building on years of lessons learned and streamlining case-based data collection through Impulse Case Info Centre. The Software will provide linkages nationally and internationally for the anti-trafficking for the Anti-Human Trafficking Units to collaborate in reporting sharing information on human trafficking cases hence protecting migrant communities.

What human need is your idea solving for? (1,000 characters)

Impulse NGO Network has been working with rural communities around the North East region of India to promote livelihood opportunities, for 26 years, helping over 30,000 artisans and migrant communities and IDPs gain access to international markets for their products, providing them with the freedom and independence of running their own business from their home and supporting fair trade and fair wage work for the artisans. With the thought of furthering the reach and impact in scaling up women’s economic development initiative, the livelihood component of Impulse NGO Network moved to a sister organization, namely, the Impulse Social Enterprises. Together with Sainhun Farm we will now introduce bee keeping to create additional sustainable livelihoods via honey production for the migrant communities and IDPs that we work with in north east region of India. Together with other sustainable products like art, handloom and handicraft, we will promote this brand to the international markets.

What will be different within the community of focus as a result of implementing your idea? (1,000 characters)

This idea will facilitate collaboration and coordination of services, resources and efforts as Impulse NGO Network strongly feels that bringing together numerous key stakeholders from various government and non-government agencies is necessary. Impulse NGO Network has effectively worked towards organizing, mobilizing and engaging key stakeholders. For example, in 2012, Impulse NGO Network organized a 2-day event called Anti-Trafficking-in-Person (TIP) Conclave 3 and developed Action Plans. Further, a Declaration was developed in respect of the commitment of all the participants including those in Government; UN Bodies; NGOs, activists, media, academic, etc. to make an intensive joint effort in addressing human trafficking in the region and across the borders. Now in partnership with Sainhun Farm & Impulse Social Enterprises we are creating sustainable livelihoods for migrant communities and IDPs in India through bee keeping, weaving and making arts & handicraft.

What is the inspiration behind your idea? (1,000 characters)

The inspiration to established Impulse Case Info Centre came from the need to prevent trafficking of migrants and IDPs. We do this by recording, compiling and keeping track of all relevant information on human trafficking cases reported to Impulse Case Info Centre. In this way, the Impulse Case Info Centre created a “case database system” which is shared with the Anti-Human Trafficking Units (AHTUs) set up by Government of India, as well as with other stakeholders. The Impulse Case Info Centre focuses on the complete needs of the human trafficking survivor, including legal support network, services such as a victim-protection, post-rescue livelihood/vocational training, counseling and medical care. The database of the Impulse Case Info Centre results in timely identification of service providers and reporting on the victims as well as the traffickers. Through this database system, the Impulse Case Info Centre has become the hub of Anti Human Trafficking related real-time information.

Describe the dynamics of the community in which the idea is to be implemented. (1,000 characters)

Our idea pertains to expanding an existing online portal globally with partners from Africa and Laitin America at the same time contribute to reintegration of IDPs through livelihood interventions like bee keeping and artisanal work for the IDPs locally. Human trafficking is a serious crime against humanity. Data released in 2016 by the National Crime Records Bureau in India shows an increase of 18% in the number of cases of human trafficking from 2015 to 2016. Despite several legal and policy initiatives undertaken by all countries to address the problem, there is a lack of convergence amongst stakeholders involved in the process of anti trafficking which hampers the relief provided to survivors. Aside from lack of convergence, lack of trainings, lack of official SOPs between States, knowledge of the law, a narrow focus on completion of a task without taking into account the holistic needs of the survivors leads to re-trafficking.

How does your idea leverage and empower community strengths and assets to help create an environment for success? (1,000 characters)

Impulse Case Information Centre created a case database software system to provide updated information on human trafficking of migrants cases and on suspected human traffickers which is also continuously shared with Anti-Human Trafficking Units (AHTUs) in various provinces of India and support the government of India for a centralized data management which Ministry of Home Affairs is reviewing the collaboration. Once a trafficking in persons case is reported, ICIC then focuses on meeting the needs of such victims starting with informing law enforcement of a rescue, followed by post-rescue counselling, medical care, legal aid, rehabilitation, repatriation, reintegration and re-compensation. For successful management of each of these steps, assistance and support of different stakeholders are required. The ICIC database essentially provides a software to strengthen system capacity and infrastructure, making the response to human trafficking more systematic and therefore, efficient.

What other partners or stakeholders will work alongside you in implementing the idea, if any? (1,000 characters)

We have established strong links with government officials and decision makers in India to help sustain the ICIC model and Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India is keen to take Pan India. We plan to strengthened and upgrade the software to support government officials in Nepal, Myanmar and Bangladesh in order to expand the existing model. We have received a positive response from the Government of Nepal for holding a consultation on developing an SOP between India and Nepal for the repatriation of survivors. Collaboration between BRAC and Sanlaap shelter homes for strengthening vocational training for survivors from Bangladesh are ongoing and through this collaboration we will work towards expanding the ICIC database. We hope to expand the Impulse Model globally with other strategic partners from Africa and Latin America to prevent human trafficking of migrant communities, refugees and IDPs .

What part of the displacement journey is your solution addressing

  • Returning home

Tell us how you'd describe the type of innovation you are proposing

  • Technology-enabled: Existing approach is more effective or scalable with the addition of technology

Idea Proposal Stage

  • Early Adoption: We have completed a pilot and analyzed the impact of that pilot on the intended users of the idea. I have proof of user uptake (i.e. 16% to 49% of the target population or 1,000 to 50,000 users).

Group or Organization Name

This is a partnership project idea between Impulse NGO Network, Impulse Social Enterprises and Sainhun Farm (Sainhun Ventures Pvt. Ltd.) based in Meghalaya, north east India.

Tell us more about your group or organization [or lived experience as a displaced person?] (1000 characters)

The Impulse NGO Network created sustainable livelihoods for women in migrant communities and IDPs. To further scale up economic development initiatives for women, the livelihood component of Impulse NGO Network moved to a sister organization – Impulse Social Enterprises (ISE) and Impulse Empower launched in 2010. Under its Brand Impulse Empower brand, ISE mobilizes artisans in vulnerable villages to become independent entrepreneurs, working at home. Professional designers work with artisans to create hand-woven textile-products combining traditional crafts with contemporary elements. In addition to design support, ISE provides design capacity development training, raw material, designs, packaging, branding, marketing & financial support to the women entrepreneurs. Fitting weaving work around household chores, the women can earn an average of 5000 rupees a month. In partnership with Sainhun Farm we will start bee keeping projects for the migrant communities & IDPs in north east India.

Website URL:

http://www.impulsengonetwork.org/ http://www.impulsesocialenterprises.com/ https://www.impulsempower.com/ https://www.hasinakharbhih.com http://www.sainhunfarm.com/

Type of submitter

  • We are a registered Non-Profit Organization

Organization Headquarters: Country

India

Organization Headquarters: City / State

Shillong/Meghalaya

12 comments

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Spam
Photo of Destin Ndebo Rugereza
Team

Nice idea, wishing you good luck

Spam
Photo of Sai Kishore Nellore
Team

Thank you Destin

Spam
Photo of Samier Mansur
Team

There's nothing more important than empowering others with a sense of agency, purpose, and livelihood. Thank you for all that you do through this wonderful initiative!

Spam
Photo of Sai Kishore Nellore
Team

Thank you Samier for the motivational words, it encourages us to move ahead in our mission

Spam
Photo of Ibadaphunshisha Blah
Team

Thank you so much @Hasina Kharbhih Sai Nellore  Maarja Tamm for your efforts. Migrant smuggling often leads to the crime of human trafficking. Many adults in their attempt to escape war or natural disaster end up being trafficked and forced or sold into slavery. The majority of women and children end up in sexual slavery. Let us work together make migration safer and more regular and after reviewing what Chau Tang Duncan Tom Duncan are doing with the Migration Lab Program I think there is tremendous scope for building strong partnerships with them and other mission aligned ideas on open ideo to join forces in addressing this illegal $150 billion dollar a year human trafficking industry.

Spam
Photo of Chau Tang Duncan
Team

Hi Ibadaphunshisha Blah Such incredible and inspiring work you are doing. Very hard topic indeed. I myself was a refugee from Vietnam, and the only way out was via a leaky fishing boat run by people smugglers. We fortunately didn't meet worse fates, and I was too young to remember. The whole human experience is important, and we hope to build strong partnerships to support the refugee, IDPs, migrant communities from survival to livelihoods.

Spam
Photo of Ibadaphunshisha Blah
Team

We are looking for partners from Africa and Latin America to replicated the Impulse Model that have been tested in Asia. We are addressing the sensitive topic of human trafficking of vulnerable migrants and refugees who have left their homes due to conflicts or natural disasters and who are being exploited in their journeys into modern slavery. While substantial evidence exists on the trafficking and exploitation of migrants and refugees on the Western Mediterranean migration route in Europe, little is known about trafficking in human beings along the Eastern Mediterranean Route. Yet almost 1.5 million people arrived in Europe through this route in 2015-2016.

Many of them were children, including children travelling alone. Initially moving through Turkey to Greece, people then travelled along the ‘Western Balkans Route’ to Germany, Sweden, Austria and other EU countries. Both along the route and at final destinations, many people and organisations helping refugees and migrants found themselves overstretched by the high numbers of people arriving and struggled to identify people who were at risk of or had been trafficked.

Destination Unknown member Terre des Hommes, with other organisations, recently conducted a study on how to assess the risk that a person is being or at risk of being trafficked, and what makes people more at risk of trafficking along the Balkans route and in selected destination countries. The study also investigated the gaps, needs, challenges and good practices in the identification, referral, protection and rehabilitation of victims of people trafficking who use this route.

The research found that while trafficking and exploitation are a major cause of concern for migrants and refugees travelling along the Western Balkans route, the number of identified victims remains extremely low. According to the study, this was due to a lack of adequate investment in identifying and assisting victims, including children – especially in the first reception and asylum systems for new arrivals.

On the Balkans route, human trafficking is often related to the migrant smuggling process, with exploitation occurring due to people being in debt to smugglers, and due to smugglers demanding increasing amounts of money for their services. The complexity of differentiating between the smuggling of migrants and trafficking of persons contributes to making identification more difficult.

Increasingly restrictive border control policies and the lack of legal alternatives for onward movement play into the hands of unscrupulous smugglers. They use this opportunity to traffic and exploit people in other ways, taking advantage of the vulnerable situation of child and adult migrants and refugees alike.

National anti-trafficking systems are still mostly geared towards responding to the needs of particular categories of victims, such as adult European or Sub-Saharan African women who are victims of sexual exploitation, or victims of labour exploitation from within the EU. As a result, they are struggling to respond to the specific needs of trafficking victims with different profiles, such as people who have travelled along the Balkans route to the EU.

The legal status of trafficking victims is often uncertain and remains linked to their cooperation in criminal proceedings. This situation discourages victims from reporting their experiences to the police and accessing much-needed long-term protection and rehabilitation services, while also hampering anti-trafficking criminal investigations.

More on https://www.icmpd.org/fileadmin/1_2018/Bridging_the_Gap_between_Migration__Asylum_and_Anti-Trafficking.pdf

Spam
Photo of Sai Kishore Nellore
Team

Hi Shohanda Mohammed , the idea of your is great on integrating into new environs, we are also working on a similar theme in India where we are working on re-integrating the people in new environs. Would like to explore opportunities for collaboration where we can share our ideas and explore opportunities for collaboration.

Spam
Photo of Sai Kishore Nellore
Team

Hi Ana Maria Alvarez Monge, your idea is very interesting, we are also working on livelihoods for people on the move, would be great to explore opportunities for collaboration and replication of technologies in the region.

Spam
Photo of Bremley Lyngdoh
Team

Hi Sai Nellore  Hasina Kharbhih Ibadaphunshisha Blah  Maarja Tamm great to have your idea on the platform for the challenge. It's exciting and I really like your idea. As the ideas phase has ended on 17th of August, we would encourage you to again have a look at the evaluation criteria here before the review phase starts https://uploads-ssl.webflow.com/5a147545b687370001bfd10c/5d1a434848ffdc223d8d9bfd_2019%20BridgeBuilder%20Challenge_%20Evaluation%20Criteria%20(2).pdf

Also, it will be exciting for your to check out other ideas on the platform, provide some feedback and explore potential areas of collaboration with them for your idea. For example check out the Migration Lab Program https://challenges.openideo.com/challenge/2019-bridgebuilder-challenge/ideas/enabling-payments-for-ecosystem-services-via-goodwallet-for-idps-to-restore-land-in-kenya

Spam
Photo of Sai Kishore Nellore
Team

Dear Bremley, Thank you for the information and we look forward to engage with other participants to explore options for collaboration.

Spam
Photo of Ibadaphunshisha Blah
Team

Thank you Sai Kishore Nellore for taking the lead and we look forward to building strategic partnerships with other ideas on this open ideo platform who work in Africa and Latin America as we progress in the Challenge.