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Preventing trafficking of migrant communities & IDPs using technology & facilitate livelihood enhancement through interventions

We reduce human trafficking of migrants and IDPs by empowering, engaging and expanding our network using the 6Ps & 6Rs of the Impulse Model.

Photo of Sai Kishore Nellore

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What problem does the idea help to solve and how does your solution work? (2,000 characters maximum)

The problem lies with serious coordination & collaboration gaps between & within the different institutions in the state level, and the situation of lack of coordination only gets more adverse at the interstate level. The problem is not only within the government institutions – it is also related to the growing numbers, diversity and sophistication of Civil Society Organizations which creates a problem of overlapping/duplication of work, time and resources. This results in poor protection of victims of human trafficking who come from migrant communities and IDPs. We further support their livelihoods through facilitation in bee keeping, artisan works, etc., The “Impulse Model” is an internationally acknowledged, holistic method which addresses the problem of human trafficking of migrant communities and IDPs by engaging the necessary public and private sector stakeholders to work in collaboration to strengthen each others’ work. Each of the stakeholders (including government departments & law enforcement agencies, civil society organizations and media) has their own mandate under the Impulse Model and is connected to each other through Impulse Case Info Centre. The stakeholders working in close coordination with each other ensures that there will not be overlapping of efforts & resources, making the stakeholders’ work become more effective. The Impulse Model’s case management system follows the following elements, called the 6 R’s: Report, Rescue, Rehabilitation, Repatriation, Re-integration and Re-compensation. Each of these elements in case management is crucial and must be conducted with efficient, victim-friendly procedures, engaging the necessary stakeholders in the process. Therefore, to provide holistic anti-human trafficking response and effective case management, the tools of 6 P’s are necessary: Partnership, Prevention, Protection, Policing, Press and Prosecution

Geography of focus (500 characters)

The Impulse NGO Network is addressing the human trafficking of migrants and IDPs across the eight states of Northeast India and Myanmar, where the internationally recognized Impulse Model (formerly known as the Meghalaya Model) has been replicated. Moreover, the organisation has several networking partners around the globe, especially in the South and South East Asia. We want to scale the Model globally with other partners in Africa and Latin America to stop trafficking of migrants & IDPs.

Building Bridges: What bridge does your idea build between people on the move and neighbors towards a shared future of stability and promise? (500 characters)

Impulse NGO Network has recently developed a comprehensive software in close partnership with a IIT Guwahati Incubation Centre DF Infoanalaytic, building on years of lessons learned and streamlining case-based data collection through Impulse Case Info Centre. The Software will provide linkages nationally and internationally for the anti-trafficking for the Anti-Human Trafficking Units to collaborate in reporting sharing information on human trafficking cases hence protecting migrant communities.

What human need is your idea solving for? (1,000 characters)

Impulse NGO Network has been working with rural communities around the North East region of India to promote livelihood opportunities, for 26 years, helping over 30,000 artisans and migrant communities and IDPs gain access to international markets for their products, providing them with the freedom and independence of running their own business from their home and supporting fair trade and fair wage work for the artisans. With the thought of furthering the reach and impact in scaling up women’s economic development initiative, the livelihood component of Impulse NGO Network moved to a sister organization, namely, the Impulse Social Enterprises. Together with Sainhun Farm we will now introduce bee keeping to create additional sustainable livelihoods via honey production for the migrant communities and IDPs that we work with in north east region of India. Together with other sustainable products like art, handloom and handicraft, we will promote this brand to the international markets.

What will be different within the community of focus as a result of implementing your idea? (1,000 characters)

This idea will facilitate collaboration and coordination of services, resources and efforts as Impulse NGO Network strongly feels that bringing together numerous key stakeholders from various government and non-government agencies is necessary. Impulse NGO Network has effectively worked towards organizing, mobilizing and engaging key stakeholders. For example, in 2012, Impulse NGO Network organized a 2-day event called Anti-Trafficking-in-Person (TIP) Conclave 3 and developed Action Plans. Further, a Declaration was developed in respect of the commitment of all the participants including those in Government; UN Bodies; NGOs, activists, media, academic, etc. to make an intensive joint effort in addressing human trafficking in the region and across the borders. Now in partnership with Sainhun Farm & Impulse Social Enterprises we are creating sustainable livelihoods for migrant communities and IDPs in India through bee keeping, weaving and making arts & handicraft.

What is the inspiration behind your idea? (1,000 characters)

The inspiration to established Impulse Case Info Centre came from the need to prevent trafficking of migrants and IDPs. We do this by recording, compiling and keeping track of all relevant information on human trafficking cases reported to Impulse Case Info Centre. In this way, the Impulse Case Info Centre created a “case database system” which is shared with the Anti-Human Trafficking Units (AHTUs) set up by Government of India, as well as with other stakeholders. The Impulse Case Info Centre focuses on the complete needs of the human trafficking survivor, including legal support network, services such as a victim-protection, post-rescue livelihood/vocational training, counseling and medical care. The database of the Impulse Case Info Centre results in timely identification of service providers and reporting on the victims as well as the traffickers. Through this database system, the Impulse Case Info Centre has become the hub of Anti Human Trafficking related real-time information.

Describe the dynamics of the community in which the idea is to be implemented. (1,000 characters)

Our idea pertains to expanding an existing online portal globally with partners from Africa and Laitin America at the same time contribute to reintegration of IDPs through livelihood interventions like bee keeping and artisanal work for the IDPs locally. Human trafficking is a serious crime against humanity. Data released in 2016 by the National Crime Records Bureau in India shows an increase of 18% in the number of cases of human trafficking from 2015 to 2016. Despite several legal and policy initiatives undertaken by all countries to address the problem, there is a lack of convergence amongst stakeholders involved in the process of anti trafficking which hampers the relief provided to survivors. Aside from lack of convergence, lack of trainings, lack of official SOPs between States, knowledge of the law, a narrow focus on completion of a task without taking into account the holistic needs of the survivors leads to re-trafficking.

How does your idea leverage and empower community strengths and assets to help create an environment for success? (1,000 characters)

Impulse Case Information Centre created a case database software system to provide updated information on human trafficking of migrants cases and on suspected human traffickers which is also continuously shared with Anti-Human Trafficking Units (AHTUs) in various provinces of India and support the government of India for a centralized data management which Ministry of Home Affairs is reviewing the collaboration. Once a trafficking in persons case is reported, ICIC then focuses on meeting the needs of such victims starting with informing law enforcement of a rescue, followed by post-rescue counselling, medical care, legal aid, rehabilitation, repatriation, reintegration and re-compensation. For successful management of each of these steps, assistance and support of different stakeholders are required. The ICIC database essentially provides a software to strengthen system capacity and infrastructure, making the response to human trafficking more systematic and therefore, efficient.

What other partners or stakeholders will work alongside you in implementing the idea, if any? (1,000 characters)

We have established strong links with government officials and decision makers in India to help sustain the ICIC model and Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India is keen to take Pan India. We plan to strengthened and upgrade the software to support government officials in Nepal, Myanmar and Bangladesh in order to expand the existing model. We have received a positive response from the Government of Nepal for holding a consultation on developing an SOP between India and Nepal for the repatriation of survivors. Collaboration between BRAC and Sanlaap shelter homes for strengthening vocational training for survivors from Bangladesh are ongoing and through this collaboration we will work towards expanding the ICIC database. We hope to expand the Impulse Model globally with other strategic partners from Africa and Latin America to prevent human trafficking of migrant communities, refugees and IDPs .

What part of the displacement journey is your solution addressing

  • Returning home

Tell us how you'd describe the type of innovation you are proposing

  • Technology-enabled: Existing approach is more effective or scalable with the addition of technology

Idea Proposal Stage

  • Early Adoption: We have completed a pilot and analyzed the impact of that pilot on the intended users of the idea. I have proof of user uptake (i.e. 16% to 49% of the target population or 1,000 to 50,000 users).

Group or Organization Name

This is a partnership project idea between Impulse NGO Network, Impulse Social Enterprises and Sainhun Farm (Sainhun Ventures Pvt. Ltd.) based in Meghalaya, north east India.

Tell us more about your group or organization [or lived experience as a displaced person?] (1000 characters)

The Impulse NGO Network created sustainable livelihoods for women in migrant communities and IDPs. To further scale up economic development initiatives for women, the livelihood component of Impulse NGO Network moved to a sister organization – Impulse Social Enterprises (ISE) and Impulse Empower launched in 2010. Under its Brand Impulse Empower brand, ISE mobilizes artisans in vulnerable villages to become independent entrepreneurs, working at home. Professional designers work with artisans to create hand-woven textile-products combining traditional crafts with contemporary elements. In addition to design support, ISE provides design capacity development training, raw material, designs, packaging, branding, marketing & financial support to the women entrepreneurs. Fitting weaving work around household chores, the women can earn an average of 5000 rupees a month. In partnership with Sainhun Farm we will start bee keeping projects for the migrant communities & IDPs in north east India.

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Type of submitter

  • We are a registered Non-Profit Organization

Organization Headquarters: Country


Organization Headquarters: City / State



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Photo of Destin Ndebo Rugereza

Nice idea, wishing you good luck

Photo of Sai Kishore Nellore

Thank you Destin

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